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Competition and the Role of Dominant Ants

Catherine L. Parr and Heloise Gibb

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Competition occurs when different species or individuals require the same limiting resources. It can occur within colonies for reproductive rights, between colonies of the same species (intraspecific ... More


Interspecific interactions and premating reproductive isolation

Katja Tynkkynen, Janne S. Kotiaho, and Erik I. Svensson

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Two species can interact in several ways: there may occur interspecific competition or aggression, the two species may hybridize or they may interact indirectly through different predator-prey ... More


Influences on Upland System Structure IV: The Ungulate Guild

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Nutritional research on northern-range elk and park-wide bison shows catabolic decline and mortality increase through winters, and as functions of population size and winter severity, collectively ... More


The Role of Location in Establishment Success

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter reviews the influence of the recipient location on the probability of establishment success in exotic birds. This subject is another that has a long history within invasion ecology ... More


POPULATION DYNAMICS AND MOVEMENTS

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The population biology of the House Sparrow is discussed against the backdrop of major population declines in recent years in Europe and North America. The potential roles of interspecific ... More


The Ecology of Exotic Birds in Novel Locations

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers how exotic birds interact with native species, and how they serve to re-shape global biodiversity patterns. Both exotic and native species are distributed unevenly across the ... More


Life History Processes, Ontogenetic Development, and Density Dependence

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter first considers the question of how ecologists have conceptualized populations. In other words, how has their research looked at “group[s] of individuals of one species”? It reflects on ... More


The Relative Importance of Predation, Food, and Interspecific Competition for Growth of Prairie Vole (Microtus Ochrogaster) Populations: La Importancia Relativa De PredaciÓN, AlimentaciÓN, Y Competencia InterespecÍFica En El Crecimieto Poblacional Del Metorito De La Pradera (Microtus Ochrogaster)

George O. Batzli, Steven J. Harper, and Yu-teh K. Lin

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents a new analysis of experimental data that examines the relative effects of three factors—predation, food supply, and interspecific competition—on the population growth of voles. ... More


Ontogenetic Niche Shifts, Predators, and Coexistence among Consumer Species

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers how stage structure and ontogenetic niche shifts may affect the coexistence between two consumer species competing for two resources in the absence and presence of predators, ... More


Community ecology’s roots

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter introduces the field of community ecology and reviews its history. The first community ecologists were botanists who noted what appeared to be repeated associations between plant species ... More


Biotic Interactions and Community Structure

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198820765
eISBN:
9780191860485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820765.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A general pattern emerges from studies of subterranean communities. At a regional scale, hydrogeological and historical factors exert a controlling influence on many species, and the importance of ... More


Indirect Effects of Introduced Predators on Seabird Islands

J.C. Russell

in Seabird Islands: Ecology, Invasion, and Restoration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735693
eISBN:
9780190267803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735693.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the indirect effects of introduced predators on other animal species in seabird islands. It studies how introduced predators alter the outcomes of trophic and competitive ... More


Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Gus Mills and Margaret Mills

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book demonstrates how cheetahs are adapted to arid savannahs like the southern Kalahari, and makes comparisons with other areas, especially the Serengeti. Topics dealt with are: demography and ... More


Calcrete aquifers

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in Shallow Subterranean Habitats: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199646173
eISBN:
9780191780233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646173.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Calcrete aquifers are carbonate deposits in desert terrains, the equivalent of karst in arid climates. While occurring in desert areas throughout the world, the fauna has only been well studied in ... More


Coexistence and the cheetah’s relations with other carnivores

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In the southern Kalahari densities of large carnivores are relatively low, with the brown hyena the most abundant. Resource partitioning is well defined as each species tends to concentrate on the ... More


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