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Management and prevention of SARS in China

Nanshan Zhong and Guangqiao Zeng

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

SARS originated from the Guangdong province of China where it emerged in the autumn of 2002. This chapter presents data that show that there may have been interspecies transmission between wild ... More


Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Ulrike Heuer and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises eleven chapters which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Various themes of ... More


Evolutionary considerations: the primacy of the implicit

Arthur S. Reber

in Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the foundations of the evolutionary model and develops the formal theory. The model is based on the assumption of the primacy of the implicit and axioms derived from Wimsatt's ... More


Transhumanity: A Moral Vision of the Twenty-First Century

John Harris

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter takes seriously the idea that in the future there will be no more human beings but that this is not one of the things that should concern us unless the creatures that replace us are ... More


Hindu Traditions

Lisa Kemmerer

in Animals and World Religions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199790678
eISBN:
9780199919178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790678.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The second chapter explores animal-friendly teachings and practices in Vedic, Hindu, and Jain religious traditions through sacred texts and teachings and through the lives of religious exemplars, ... More


Animal Ethos: The Morality of Human-Animal Encounters in Experimental Lab Science

Lesley A. Sharp

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520299245
eISBN:
9780520971059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520299245.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

What are the moral challenges and consequences of animal research in academic laboratory settings? Animal Ethos considers how the inescapable needs of lab research necessitate interspecies encounters ... More


Evolution in the Streets

Alan Mikhail

in The Animal in Ottoman Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199315277
eISBN:
9780199369232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315277.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Intense and intimate social and economic interactions between humans and canines were deemed a problem in early nineteenth-century Egypt. As this chapter makes clear, changing notions about the ... More


Conflict, Negotiation, and Coexistence: Rethinking Human–Elephant Relations in South Asia

Piers Locke and Jane Buckingham (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199467228
eISBN:
9780199087570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199467228.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History, Environmental History

The interconnected lives of humans and elephants have shaped landscapes, determined the destinies of empires, and stimulated new kinds of knowledge, skill, and practice. Their encounters have also ... More


Fieldwork in the Mudflats

Lisa Jean Moore

in Catch and Release: The Enduring Yet Vulnerable Horseshoe Crab

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479876303
eISBN:
9781479848096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876303.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the book by providing some background about the horseshoe crabs and presenting the foundation of theory (and paradigm). I stress that I am approaching the book from a ... More


Toxicology

Robert Laumbach and Michael Gochfeld

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the basic principles of toxicology and their application to occupational and environmental health. Topics covered include pathways that toxic substances may take from sources ... More


Between Species: Queering the Wolf in Jack London

Michael Lundblad

in The Birth of a Jungle: Animality in Progressive-Era U.S. Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917570
eISBN:
9780199332830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917570.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on the sexual history of “the beast” in relation to human and nonhuman animals in the work of Jack London. Bringing together the work of theorists and historians such as Eve ... More


Introduction

Radhika Govindrajan

in Animal Intimacies: Interspecies Relatedness in India's Central Himalayas

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226559841
eISBN:
9780226560045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560045.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This introduction explains important subjects covered within the rest of the book. Primarily, this section of the book works to introduce and discuss the topic of relatedness. More specifically, the ... More


Kukur aur bagh

Radhika Govindrajan

in Animal Intimacies: Interspecies Relatedness in India's Central Himalayas

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226559841
eISBN:
9780226560045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560045.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter uses the entanglements between dogs, leopards, and humans in the mountains as a point of entry into broader discussions on the nature of relatedness, love, ethics, and anthropocentrism.


Cutting the Skin: Sacrifice, Sovereignty, and the Space of Exception

Sarah Kay

in Animal Skins and the Reading Self in Medieval Latin and French Bestiaries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226436739
eISBN:
9780226436876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226436876.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Although bestiaries promote what can be learned from other creatures, increasingly their pages portray humans killing animals and animals killing them. This chapter analyzes the import of this ... More


Nonhuman Kin: Unispecies Societies and Plural Communities

Nurit Bird-David

in Us, Relatives: Scaling and Plural Life in a Forager World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293403
eISBN:
9780520966680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293403.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Theories of indigenous ontologies have depicted forager-cultivator worlds populated by human and nonhuman persons or even by societies of humans and nonhumans, ignoring the tiny-scale context of ... More


Bestial Humans and Sexual Animals: Zoophilia in Law and Literature

Greg Garrard

in Animalities: Literary and Cultural Studies Beyond the Human

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474400022
eISBN:
9781474434584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400022.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Garrard explores the idea and practice of zoophilia in recent legal and cultural discourses, with particular attention to relevant literary texts and films. He reads representations of animals in ... More


The Sentimental Structure of Laboratory Life

Lesley A. Sharp

in Animal Ethos: The Morality of Human-Animal Encounters in Experimental Lab Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520299245
eISBN:
9780520971059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520299245.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Chapter 1 is the first of two in part 1 of the book, “Intimacy.” A premise of this chapter is that intimate human-animal encounters are an inescapable, everyday aspect of lab work and that this ... More


Debating Cloning

Carrie Friese

in Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729083
eISBN:
9780814729090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the debates surrounding the cloning of endangered animals in zoos and situates them in the controversies over interspecies nuclear transfer. It begins with a brief review of ... More


Transpositions

Carrie Friese

in Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729083
eISBN:
9780814729090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines how the practices and bodies of domestication have been introduced into the reproduction of endangered animals as a kind of infrastructure. It considers how the cloned gaur, ... More


Reproducing Populations

Carrie Friese

in Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729083
eISBN:
9780814729090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729083.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter introduces an alternative articulation of cloning, one that uses cloning as part of an effort to shepherd rather than master endangered animals. It examines the scientific practices that ... More


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