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The Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter captures the enthusiasm many social psychologists had (and sometimes still have) for self-fulfilling prophecies. It reviews many of the early classic studies, demonstrating ... More


The Extraordinary Power of Expectancies to Bias Perception, Memory, and Information-Seeking

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Expectations can be self-confirming, not only because they create self-fulfilling prophecies, but also because they may influence, bias, and distort how people interpret, evaluate, judge, remember, ... More


The Less Than Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies: Considerations Based on Common Sense, Daily Life, and a Critical Evaluation of the Early Classic Experiments

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter is the first of four that critically evaluates the conclusion that the biases and self-fulfilling prophecies created by interpersonal expectations constitute major ways in which people ... More


The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Bias Perception, Memory, and Judgment

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter critically evaluates the conclusions often reached on the basis of the early research testifying to the power of expectations to bias perception, memory, and judgment. It leads off by ... More


The Glimpsed World: Unintended Communication and Unintended Perception

Y. Susan Choi, Heather M. Gray, and Nalini Ambady

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Evidence suggests that people are often surprisingly accurate when making judgments of others based on mere glimpses. In particular, nonverbal channels of communication—including facial displays, ... More


Accuracy: Historical, Political, and Conceptual Objections

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews many of the reasons why accuracy is a controversial topic in social psychology. The historical interest in accuracy is briefly reviewed, as are some older reviews from the 1950s ... More


You Better Change Your Expectations Because I Will Not Change (Much) to Fit Your Expectations: Self-Verification as a Limit to Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Self-verification constitutes one reason self-fulfilling prophecies are generally not very powerful. Self-verification refers to the idea that people are often highly motivated to see themselves in a ... More


The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Distort Information-Seeking

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a critical analysis of claims that perceivers seek social information in ways that constrain targets’ reactions in such a manner as to almost ensure expectancy confirmation. ... More


Plasticity of Intelligence, Education Reform, and the Disadvantaged Child

Michael E. Staub

in The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469643595
eISBN:
9781469643618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643595.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter takes up the pressure under which preschool enrichment programs like Project Head Start—promoted by President Johnson as signature components of his War on Poverty—found themselves, in ... More


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