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Liberal Foundations

Matthew Clayton

in Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199268948
eISBN:
9780191603693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268940.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter sets out the liberal ideals of justice and legitimacy that form the basis of the conception of upbringing defended in later chapters. It begins with a summary of Rawls’s conception of ... More


Empathy

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Sympathy refers to caring about another to some degree as one cares for oneself. Empathy refers to the capacity to put yourself in the position of others to see things from their point of view. ... More


Well-Being and Interpersonal Comparisons

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Drawing from the philosophical literature, this chapter offers an analysis of well-being in terms of fully informed, fully rational, extended preferences. This account is preferentialist, but it does ... More


The Distribution of Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If freedom’s non-specific value is sufficiently strong, then freedom should be considered one of the currencies of distributive justice. A theorist who affirms that freedom is one of the currencies ... More


Bargaining

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter surveys the relevant bargaining theory, namely the Nash bargaining solution, the utilitarian bargaining solution, and the egalitarian bargaining solution. The importance of how ... More


Welfare and Interpersonal Comparisons

Kaushik Basu

in Prelude to Political Economy: A Study of the Social and Political Foundations of Economics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296713
eISBN:
9780191595943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296711.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses some preliminaries of welfare economics, i.e., the meaning of welfare and interpersonal comparisons. It focuses on the informational feasibility of some ethical systems. It ... More


Collective Utility and Welfare

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Normative economics is mainly concerned with the welfare of communities. Somehow the happiness or utility of individuals has to be compared, and amalgamated or added up. The status of the ... More


Empirical Research; Philosophical Conclusions

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers and others have alleged that empirical research on happiness has important implications for some long‐standing philosophical questions about happiness. The distinguished British ... More


Quantities of Lifetime Wellbeing

John Broome

in Weighing Lives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines a quantitative notion of a person’s lifetime wellbeing. It does so on the basis of betterness among uncertain prospects, using expected utility theory (which the chapter ... More


 Accounting for Tastes

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explains the meaning of the payoffs that are used to quantify the outcomes of games. The theory of revealed preference assumes only that players are consistent. With appropriate ... More


Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement and Moral Importance

James Griffin

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248439
eISBN:
9780191597558
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248431.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is about ideas at the centre of our thought about our individual lives and about society—‘well‐being’, ‘welfare’, ‘utility’, and ‘quality of life’. It aims to answer three questions: What ... More


1 Second-Generation Q2: Addressing Comparability and Validity

Paul Shaffer

in Q-Squared: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199676903
eISBN:
9780191756269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676903.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews recent developments in the Q2 literature which attempted to incorporate locally meaningful definitions, weights and thresholds of poverty in ways which facilitated interpersonal ... More


Intuitionist Theory and Interpersonal Comparisons

Mark S. Stein

in Distributive Justice and Disability: Utilitarianism against Egalitarianism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100570
eISBN:
9780300128253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100570.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores situations, real and imagined, in which utilitarianism seems to produce just results and egalitarianism produces unjust results. It considers intuitions about the justice of ... More


The Best Expression of Welfarism 1

Christian Coons

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Welfarism is a general view about value and the foundations of morality: it is the view that only well-being is intrinsically valuable, and nothing but well-being matters, basically or ultimately, ... More


Publicity and the Development of Bentham’s Theory of Value

Gerald J. Postema

in Utility, Publicity, and Law: Essays on Bentham's Moral and Legal Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198793175
eISBN:
9780191835100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793175.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Bentham was tempted to think of the welfare of the community as a grand composite of the pleasures and pains of individuals and he suggested that it is possible to construct a powerful ethical ... More


What Is Goodness Good For?

Christian Piller

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 4

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722144
eISBN:
9780191789236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722144.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethical thought needs a notion of what is good for people. It does not need an independent notion of what is good simpliciter. To the contrary, thinking about what is good simpliciter leads ethical ... More


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