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Supporting Standard-Setting Organizations

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

A standard is a common platform that allows products to work together. This chapter begins by describing the various types of standard-setting. It then offers a brief history of antitrust treatment ... More


Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The potential of information-driven disciplines such as biology and clinical science can be realized only if those involved in the production and analysis of data can successfully build upon each ... More


Transforming the Infrastructure Supporting the Information Society

Robin Mansell and W. Edward Steinmueller

in Mobilizing the Information Society

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295570
eISBN:
9780191685149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295570.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Innovation

The evolution of certain associated technologies, specifically the notion of ‘convergence’, has significant impacts on the nature of and the conditions for user access to communication and ... More


Kinds of Ontologies and the Role of Taxonomies

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Philosophical ontology (also ‘metaphysics’) explores general questions concerning the nature of being; applied ontology concerns more specific questions pertaining to entities in specific domains. ... More


Basic Formal Ontology at Work

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

We discuss the interplay between applied ontology and the use of web resources in scientific and other domains, and provide an account of how ontologies are implemented computationally. We provide an ... More


Modern Fortran Explained: Incorporating Fortran 2018

Michael Metcalf, John Reid, and Malcolm Cohen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198811893
eISBN:
9780191850028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811893.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Fortran marches on, remaining one of the principal programming languages used in high-performance scientific, numerical, and engineering computing. A series of significant revisions to the standard ... More


The Ecosystem of Connective Media: Lock In, Fence Off, Opt Out?

José van Dijck

in The Culture of Connectivity: A Critical History of Social Media

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199970773
eISBN:
9780199307425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970773.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The last chapter reassembles the histories of individual microsystems and identifies critical questions about the changing nature of the ecosystem and online sociality. Although each of the dissected ... More


The Blockchain Paradox

Paolo Tasca and Riccardo Piselli

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Abstract This contribution deals with the problem of interoperability of blockchain technologies. Building on the framework offered by Lawrence Lessig, it will be argued that interoperability cannot ... More


Using Technologies for Data Collection and Management

Janet J. Hamilton and Richard S. Hopkins

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Quality data collected and summarized at the right time lead to informed decisions, which lead to improved interventions and better health outcomes. Acute disease, condition, or injury field ... More


Transforming the Interstate Highways

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The first major implementation of highway utilities is proposed to be toll-financed reconstruction and modernization of the Interstates. Long-distance routes would be converted first, urban ones ... More


Transforming Urban Freeways

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Early plans envisioned a network of parkways, not the huge freeways that were built. This chapter suggests modifying existing freeways via elevated lanes, tunnels, deck and lids, to close gaps and ... More


EU-NATO Relations: Consistency as a Strategic Consideration and a Legal Requirement

Fabien Terpan

in European Security Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199218622
eISBN:
9780191696114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218622.003.0012
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter explores the EU-NATO relations with regard to security and defence matters. In both NATO and the EU there is a legal basis for the development of a European role in security and defence. ... More


Facilitating Competition in the Clouds

Ian Walden and Laíse Da Correggio Luciano

in Cloud Computing Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671670
eISBN:
9780191767463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671670.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Competition law issues are emerging in relation to cloud computing, notwithstanding the relative immaturity of the sector. This chapter analyses the potential application to the cloud sector of EU ... More


The Public Sector Information Exchange (PSIE)

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter explains the concept of a Public Sector Information Exchange (PSIE). It then presents a detailed case study of a supply-chain PSIE model: the Australian CrimTrac program that was ... More


Jurisdictional Interoperability— the Path Forward (for Now)

Dan Jerker B. Svantesson

in Solving the Internet Jurisdiction Puzzle

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198795674
eISBN:
9780191853272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795674.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter draws conclusions from the previous chapter on the history of Internet jurisdiction and suggests that the most appropriate path forward at this stage is to focus our attention on the ... More


Open mHealth and the Problem of Data Interoperability

Deborah Estrin, Anna de Paula Hanika, and Dawn Nafus

in Quantified: Biosensing Technologies in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034173
eISBN:
9780262334549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034173.003.0009
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

The words we use to describe data, both popularly and in the social sciences, often imply that data remains comprehensible as it moves around: “data flows,” “data exhaust,” “seamless,” and the like. ... More


Transitioning to the Cloud

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

Once you have decided that you want to use cloud computing, you need to assess how you will transition your current use of IT, the concommitant processes and services to the cloud. Additionally, you ... More


Internet Governance and Internet Freedom

Laura Denardis

in The Global War for Internet Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300181357
eISBN:
9780300182118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300181357.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes some unresolved issues and problematic trends in Internet governance. These include the increasing international pressure to change interconnection norms and possibly introduce ... More


The Interoperability Debate

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

in Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the interoperability debate in the European Union and the U.S. before 1995. It considers the issues concerning the unprotectability of interface specifications and the ... More


Copyright Cases in U.S. Courts

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

in Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.003.0002
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines copyright cases in U.S. relevant to the interoperability debate. These cases include Lotus v. Borland, Bateman v. Mnemonics, and Softel v. Dragon Medical. This chapter analyzes ... More


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