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Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Ivan Soltesz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This book travels a colorful journey into the fascinatingly diverse world of interneurons, an important class of highly heterogeneous cells found in all cortical neuronal networks. Interneurons are ... More


Introduction

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of early studies in neuroanatomy. It then considers the contributions of improved single cell visualization methods and presents a listing of some ... More


Developmental Origins of Interneuronal Heterogeneity

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter begins with a discussion of the differences between the development of glutamatergic cells and interneurons. It then considers the factors affecting interneuronal migration and how ... More


Order in Diversity: From Phenomenology to Function

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of GABAergic system. It then describes sixteen interneuronal species that inhabit the CA1 region of the hippocampus. It shows that there is a high level of ... More


Cracks in the Crystal: Elusive Neurospecies and the Great Correlation Hunt

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter begins with a discussion of the limitations of the concepts that underlie the idea of interneuronal species. It then evaluates the identification of interneuronal groupings based on the ... More


Functions of Heterogeneity: Meaning of Means and Variability of Variances

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter shows that variability in interneuronal parameters, including cellular (e.g., channels influencing interneuronal firing patterns) as well as various synaptic parameters (e.g., peak ... More


Interneuronal Variability: Plasticity and Regulation

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter shows that somatic mutations in the brain may be more frequent than previously believed, and they may result in substantial alterations in synaptic functions involved in learning and ... More


Diversity Beyond Variance

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter begins with a discussion of measures of interneural diversity. It then considers how alterations in diversity modulate neuronal functions. It examines the effects of altering diversity ... More


Spinal Cord: Ventral Horn

ROBERT E. BURKE

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter presents an overview of the neuron types present in the ventral spinal cord, some features of their cellular and synaptic physiology, and some of their known circuit interactions. There ... More


Closing Thoughts: The Structure of Cortical Microcircuit Theory

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that it is crucial to differentiate clearly heterogeneity, variability, and diversity, since a great deal of the ... More


Local Circuits

Buhl Eberhard and Whittington Miles

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter demonstrates the basic principles involved in local circuits in general and reviews evidence for the organization of local circuits in the hippocampus. Local circuits in the hippocampus ... More


Inhibition

György Buzsáki, Lynn Hasher, Michael C. Anderson, Colin M. MacLeod, and Robert A. Bjork

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents five chapters on the concept of inhibition. The first chapter discusses the cortical functions that influence inhibition. The second discusses inhibition and cognition. The third ... More


Escape movements Escape movements

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Giant interneurons in most animals have axons with large diameters so that their spikes can be conducted rapidly from one part of the nervous system to another. The largest neurons are therefore ... More


The Head-Neck System of the Blowfly Calliphora: 2. Functional Organization and Comparisons with the Sphinx Moth Manduca sexta

Jürgen J. Milde, Wulfila Gronenberg, and Nicholas J. Strausfeld

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter, the motion-sensitive responses of particular neck muscles motoneurons in the fly Calliphora erythrocephala are characterized and compared to those in an analogous system in the ... More


The Plasticity of Retinal Ganglion Cells

Coombs Julie L. and Chalupa Leo M.

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter is concerned with the available literature on the plasticity of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). It illustrates a distinct and specific effect of retinal neurotransmitters on the vertical ... More


Activity-Dependent Development of Inhibitory Synapses and Innervation Pattern in the Visual Cortex: From BDNF to GABA Signaling

Josh Huang Z.

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter hypothesizes that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acts as an activity-dependent retrograde signal to regulate synapse growth. The influences of altering γ-aminobutyric acid ... More


Coordination in Brain Systems

Edvard I. Moser, Maurizio Corbetta, Robert Desimone, Yves Frégnac, Pascal Fries, Ann M. Graybiel, John-Dylan Haynes, Laurent Itti, Lucia Melloni, Hannah Monyer, Wolf Singer, Christoph von der Malsburg, and Matthew A. Wilson

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter focuses on dynamic coordination, how it is mechanistically implemented in brain circuits, and the extent to which it accounts for functions performed by interacting brain systems. It ... More


Defining the functional components of the thalamic gate

Ray Guillery

in The Brain as a Tool: A Neuroscientist's Account

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198806738
eISBN:
9780191844317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806738.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter starts by summarizing the electron microscopic appearance of the retinogeniculate axons and their immediate environment. These form the functional components of the visual input to the ... More


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