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The Cyber-Physical Disruption

Laura DeNardis

in The Internet in Everything: Freedom and Security in a World with No Off Switch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300233070
eISBN:
9780300249330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233070.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines four emerging areas of technological innovation in which digital technologies are becoming embedded into the physical world. The digitization of everyday objects includes ... More


Interoperability Politics

Laura DeNardis

in The Internet in Everything: Freedom and Security in a World with No Off Switch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300233070
eISBN:
9780300249330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233070.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter assesses how technical standardization faces unique challenges. Embedded objects require high security but are also constrained architectures that demand lower energy consumption and ... More


After the Internet

Laura DeNardis

in The Internet in Everything: Freedom and Security in a World with No Off Switch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300233070
eISBN:
9780300249330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233070.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This introductory chapter provides an overview of how digital systems have leapt from human-facing display screens into the physical world of material objects and artificial intelligence. The ... More


Address Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the fourth of six layers in The Stack, the Address layer. For any entity to participate in the wider Stack architecture it has to be known to it. It must be enumerated and ... More


Securing the Information Supply Chain

Yossi Sheffi

in The Power of Resilience: How the Best Companies Manage the Unexpected

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029797
eISBN:
9780262330626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029797.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Internet technologies are now indispensable communications tools within and between companies. Yet the openness of these networks and the high potential value of corporate and personal information ... More


The Emergence of a Nonbiological Intelligence

Michail Bletsas and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Michail Bletsas, Director of Computing at the MIT Media Lab and Director of the Network Computing Systems Group at MIT, is convinced that the 21st century will see the emergence of biological ... More


Understanding the Technologies

Tim Unwin

in Reclaiming Information and Communication Technologies for Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198795292
eISBN:
9780191836589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795292.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

In this chapter the author provides an introduction to eight important ongoing technological changes with significant ramifications for ICT4D: an ever more converged and miniaturized digital world; ... More


Internal Governance of the IETF, W3C, OASIS, and IEEE: Structure, Decision-making, and Internationalization

Alison Harcourt, George Christou, and Seamus Simpson

in Global Standard Setting in Internet Governance

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198841524
eISBN:
9780191877001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841524.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter 3 explains the internal organization of SDOs. It outlines the four main layers which make up the Internet and focuses on the principal SDOs associated with them: the IETF, W3C, the ... More


The Internet of Things You Don’t Own

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

in The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.003.0008
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The smart devices that make up the Internet of Things induce consumers to cede control over the products they buy. Devices like smartphones offer real benefits, but combined with embedded software, ... More


Digitized Health Promotion: Risk and Personal Responsibility for Health and Illness in the Web 2.0 Era

Deborah Lupton

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the use of digital health technologies in health promotion endeavors. This “digitized health promotion” is the latest stage in the trajectory of health promotion ideology and ... More


(A)live Archives

Gabriella Giannachi

in Archive Everything: Mapping the Everyday

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035293
eISBN:
9780262335416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035293.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This Chapter looks at the role played by transmission of the archive through the body, drawing from performance studies, bioart, database aesthetics and history of science to look at what becomes of ... More


The Internet of Things and Dual Layers of Ethical Concern

Adam Henschke

in Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190652951
eISBN:
9780190652982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652951.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The internet of things (IoT), where objects can communicate with each other in a way that affects the physical world, will likely have a great impact on people and society at large. Like a massively ... More


Ubiquitous Surveillance

Joseph Masco

in Life by Algorithms: How Roboprocesses Are Remaking Our World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226627427
eISBN:
9780226627731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226627731.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter tracks the expansion of digital surveillance across consumer activities, military actions, social media, and digital communications. It assesses a de facto commitment across corporations ... More


Reinventing Water-Landscape Monitoring and Management in the Age of Geoenabled Environmental Sensor Webs and Social Networks

Demetrio P. Zourarakis

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Future humans interacting with water in Kentucky will bring to their experience not only the panoply of expectations, assumptions, background knowledge, and past experiences but also ultra-smart ... More


Benefits of Scale and Velocity in Big Data: The Movement to Now!

Russell Walker

in From Big Data to Big Profits: Success with Data and Analytics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199378326
eISBN:
9780199378340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378326.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In this chapter, the importance and benefits of scale and velocity in Big Data are illustrated through cases studies of Yelp and TripAdvisor, which have established best-in-class approaches to ... More


Tools, Power, and Participation: Information in the Decades Ahead

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0011
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

“Information is power” is true, at times, but not universally so. The trends in developing technologies and strategies will influence the relationship between information and power in the decades ... More


Archive Everything: Mapping the Everyday

Gabriella Giannachi

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035293
eISBN:
9780262335416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035293.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This book traces the evolution of the archive across the centuries by looking at primitive, Medieval, Renaissance, Victorian and contemporary archives. Crucially, the book evidences the fluidity and ... More


The Logic of Physics versus the Logic of Computer Science

Bebo White and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Bebo White, the physicist and computational scientist at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Stanford University, was one of the first people to get involved in Web technology as a result of ... More


Future Outlook

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

Cloud computing is an enabling technology for automation and abstraction. This places it in a unique position to effect paradigm shifts related to your work, society, and life. This chapter discusses ... More


Protocols and State Surveillance

Alison Harcourt, George Christou, and Seamus Simpson

in Global Standard Setting in Internet Governance

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198841524
eISBN:
9780191877001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841524.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses how SDOs have mitigated the targeting of protocol vulnerabilities by security agencies. It begins with protocols identified by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). In ... More


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