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The EU—Who are ‘We’ and Where is the Enemy?

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?: The EU, NATO and the OSCE in the Post-9/11 World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199217229
eISBN:
9780191712449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the risk of terrorist attacks by transnational groups has been systematically invoked by EU bodies to justify the launch (or expansion) of a broad set of risk-management ... More


Reasons for Defining and Criminalizing Terrorism

Ben Saul

in Defining Terrorism in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199535477
eISBN:
9780191712197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535477.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explains the policy rationale for defining and criminalizing terrorism. It discusses how much of the international disagreement about defining terrorism stems from a more fundamental ... More


Jurisdiction and the Ambit of the Criminal Law

Michael Hirst

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199245390
eISBN:
9780191715013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245390.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In the modern world, it is increasingly difficult for criminal law to be applied on a narrow territorial basis. This is especially apparent in the context of international fraud, drug smuggling, ... More


Where Does Terror Emerge? Economic and Political Conditions and Terrorism

Alan B. Krueger

in What Makes a Terrorist: Economics and the Roots of Terrorism - 10th Anniversary Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196077
eISBN:
9781400888979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196077.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the macro evidence on terrorism, at the society or country level. It begins by discussing the data that the U.S. government collects on international terrorism. In the course ... More


11 September 2001: a new perspective unfolds

Charlotte Wagnsson

in Security in a Greater Europe: The Possibility of a Pan-European Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078828
eISBN:
9781781701638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078828.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The 11 September 2001 case serves to illuminate important dividing lines and convergences among the European actors. For many, it signified a paradigm shift after which international interaction ... More


International Terrorism in the 1920s and ’30s: The Response of European States through the League of Nations and the Attempt to Create an International Criminal Court

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The Croatian Ustasha's assassination of the King of Yugoslavia and the French Foreign Minister in Marseille in 1934 provided a new catalyst for Vespasien Pella and other criminological jurists to ... More


REBUTTING THE CIVILIAN PRESUMPTION: PLAYING WHACK-A-MOLE WITHOUT A MALLET?

Colonel Mark “Max” Maxwell

in Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646470
eISBN:
9780191738975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646470.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter outlines how the law of war regarding targeted killing can be tailored to combat international terrorism. To accomplish this objective, it grapples with the principal legal question ... More


Terrorism and International Law: Accountability, Remedies, and Reform: A Report of the IBA Task Force on Terrorism

Elizabeth Stubbins Bates, IBA Task Force on Terrorism, Richard Goldstone, Eugene Cotran, Gijs de Vries, Julia A. Hall, Juan E. Méndez, and Javaid Rehman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199589180
eISBN:
9780191807275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199589180.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book examines the developments in international law and practice in a dynamic and often controversial area. It analyses the operation and application of international law to terrorism and ... More


State-Sponsored Terror, 1934–37

Mary S. Barton

in Counterterrorism Between the Wars: An International History, 1919-1937

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198864042
eISBN:
9780191896330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864042.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Clandestinely supported by Italian and Hungarian authorities, Balkan terrorists assassinated King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Jean Louis Barthou on October 9, 1934, in ... More


The United States versus Libya: El Dorado Canyon, Pan Am Flight 103, and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Phil Haun

in Coercion, Survival, and War: Why Weak States Resist the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804792837
eISBN:
9780804795074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804792837.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers three cases between the United States and Libya from 1981 until 2003. Libya’s support of international terrorism triggered a crisis for the United States, culminating in the El ... More


Does the European Court of Justice keep the Balance between Individual and Community Interest in Kadi?

Rudolf Streinz

in From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.003.0069
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on whether the ECJ has kept the balance between the individual's interest in human rights protection and the community interest to fight against international terrorism, bearing ... More


The Debate on World Order

Georg Sørensen

in A Liberal World Order in Crisis: Choosing between Imposition and Restraint

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450228
eISBN:
9780801463297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450228.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the lack of a general consensus on the major characteristics of world order. It examines the world order in the second half of the twentieth and the early twenty-first ... More


Conclusion and Recommendations

Elizabeth Stubbins Bates

in Terrorism and International Law: Accountability, Remedies, and Reform: A Report of the IBA Task Force on Terrorism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199589180
eISBN:
9780191807275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199589180.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter presents the book's conclusion regarding the states' duties to prevent and repress terrorism while complying with existing international law, particularly international humanitarian law ... More


Trial by Jury Involving Persons Accused of Terrorism or Supporting Terrorism

Neil Vidmar

in Law and Psychology: Current Legal Issues Volume 9

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199211395
eISBN:
9780191695803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211395.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores issues in jury trials involving persons accused of committing acts of international terrorism or financially or otherwise supporting those who do or may commit such acts. It ... More


Necessity and Proportionality and Armed Attacks by Non-State Actors

Chris O'Meara

in Necessity and Proportionality and the Right of Self-Defence in International Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863403
eISBN:
9780191895821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863403.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 4 builds on the analysis of the previous chapters by considering how necessity and proportionality are adapted to apply to defensive action against NSAs. With a particular focus on ... More


A Liberal World Order in Crisis: Choosing between Imposition and Restraint

Georg Sorensen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450228
eISBN:
9780801463297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450228.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The collapse of the bipolar international system near the end of the twentieth century changed political liberalism from a regional system with aspirations of universality to global ideological ... More


A Continuum of Change

Akio Watanabe

in Global Powers in the 21st Century: Strategies and Relations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262622189
eISBN:
9780262288224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262622189.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter finds that the leading countries of the world have started cooperating with the United States in its fight against international terrorism, a new threat which has united Japan, China, ... More


Introduction: The International Dimensions of State Weakness

Melissa M. Lee

in Crippling Leviathan: How Foreign Subversion Weakens the State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501748363
eISBN:
9781501748387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501748363.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the problem of incomplete state consolidation—the failure to govern the entirety of a state’s territory. In the 30 years since the end of the Cold ... More


Global Basic Rights

Charles R. Beitz and Robert E. Goodin (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199604388
eISBN:
9780191803567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604388.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Politically, as well as philosophically, concerns with human rights have permeated many of the most important debates on social justice worldwide for fully a half-century. Henry Shue’s 1980 book on ... More


Kissinger and Friends: Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay

Stephen G. Rabe

in Kissinger and Latin America: Intervention, Human Rights, and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501706295
eISBN:
9781501749476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501706295.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Henry Kissinger's relationship with military dictatorships, analyzing U.S. policies toward Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay. What is evident is that the secretary of state was ... More


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