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International Recognition of Refugees

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Beginning with the establishment by the League of Nations of the first High Commissioner for Refugees in 1921, the scope and functions of assistance programmes for refugees gradually expanded, as ... More


The UNHCR at 50: State Pressures and Institutional Autonomy

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For the past half century the UNHCR has been central to the international debates about human rights, conflict resolution, sovereignty, intervention and preventative action, and the role of ... More


The Cold War Origins of the UNHCR Under Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

UNHCR was created with a mandate for refugee protection and to provide solutions to refugee problems, but with practically no funds with which to carry out these functions. Despite the inauspicious ... More


The Influence of the International Refugee Regime

Claudena M. Skran

in Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273929
eISBN:
9780191684081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273929.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The objective of this chapter is to establish those conditions under which the regimes can have a noteworthy impact on refugee policy and those in which they do not. The main focus of the book has ... More


Conclusion

Agnès Hurwitz

in The Collective Responsibility of States to Protect Refugees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199278381
eISBN:
9780191706998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278381.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. Two key questions were examined in this study. The first question dealt with the impact of safe third country practices on interstate ... More


Origins and Developments of Arrangements to Allocate Responsibility for the Protection of Refugees

Agnès Hurwitz

in The Collective Responsibility of States to Protect Refugees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199278381
eISBN:
9780191706998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278381.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter recalls the historical background to the development of responsibility allocation and safe third country practices. It begins with an overview of the fundamental concepts and instruments ... More


The Quest for Legal Protection

Claudena M. Skran

in Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273929
eISBN:
9780191684081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273929.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the impact of the international refugee regime on the creation of policy concerning the security of the legal rights of the refugees. The customary legal framework proved to be ... More


Confronting Barriers to Immigration

Claudena M. Skran

in Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273929
eISBN:
9780191684081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273929.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the impact of the international refugee regime on the breakdown of immigration barriers. It reveals that in the late 1930s many countries began amending their immigration laws ... More


In Search of Durable Solutions

Claudena M. Skran

in Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273929
eISBN:
9780191684081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273929.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter scrutinizes the role of the international refugee regime on the provision of durable solutions for refugee problem worldwide. A durable solution is in stark contrast with emergency ... More


The Attempt to Deal with Root Causes

Claudena M. Skran

in Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273929
eISBN:
9780191684081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273929.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the international refugee regime's impact on the prevention of refugee movements worldwide. The chapter discusses the attempts made by certain actors in the international ... More


The Battle of the Refugees: Displaced Persons and the Making of the Cold-War West

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter examines the negotiations on displaced persons held in 1946 within various organs of the United Nations. Whereas the Soviet Union, Poland and Yugoslavia demanded the compulsory return of ... More


Displaced Persons in the “Human Rights Revolution”

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The “last million” of European DPs left a strong imprint on human rights law. The enduring spectacle of refugees in occupied Germany placed the question of statelessness at the center of ... More


“Who is a Refugee?”: from “victors’ justice” to anti-communism

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter discusses the screening operations conducted in the DP camps by Allied armies, UNRRA personnel and IRO staff members. A key challenge for the Western Allies was the identification of ... More


Surplus Manpower, Surplus Population

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter shows how the DP experience crucially shaped the system of international migration after the Second World War. Supervised by the IRO between 1947 and 1951, the “resettlement” of displaced ... More


In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Gerard Daniel Cohen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The end of the Second World War in Europe gave way to a gigantic refugee crisis. Thoroughly prepared by Allied military planners, the swift repatriation of millions of former forced laborers, ... More


Care and Maintenance: The New Face of International Humanitarianism

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter shows how the DP episode transformed the ideology and practice of modern humanitarianism. Prior to 1945, the alleviation of human suffering was the responsibility of private charitable ... More


Extraterritorial Jews: Humanitarianism, Philosemitism, and the Advent of Jewish Statehood

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter analyzes the place of Holocaust survivors and Jewish displaced persons within the postwar refugee regime. Recognized as a stateless and extraterritorial community, Jewish DPs nationalized ... More


Institutional and International Developments

Anne Hammerstad

in The Rise and Decline of a Global Security Actor: UNHCR, Refugee Protection and Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199213085
eISBN:
9780191746673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213085.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter identifies factors that have influenced the direction in which UNHCR has expanded and developed over its sixty years’ history. Four sets of factors are described: First, UNHCR’s Statute, ... More


Transforming Political Identities, 1989–2001: Refugee Camps in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and the International Refugee Regime

Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

in Body of Victim, Body of Warrior: Refugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520274204
eISBN:
9780520954540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274204.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how the political subjectivity of the Kashmiri refugee has been transformed during the period 1989–2001 as displaced Kashmiris renegotiated their multiple relationships with ... More


International Refugee Law: Protection for Individuals Fleeing Persecution and Armed Conflict

Jennifer Moore

in Humanitarian Law in Action within Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199856961
eISBN:
9780190260064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199856961.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines international refugee law and its role in giving protection to people fleeing persecution and armed conflict, with particular emphasis on the legal status of civil war refugees ... More


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