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Peremptory Norms in International Law

Alexander Orakhelashvili

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This monograph analyses the questions raised by the legal effects of peremptory norms of international law (jus cogens), reflected in Article 53 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. ... More


Feminism

Jacqui True

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by asking where women are in international society. While observing the absence of women from theories of international society, it argues that women are nonetheless present as actors in ... More


Comparing Northern Ireland

John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

in The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266579
eISBN:
9780191601446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266573.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter discusses the use of the comparative method by Northern Ireland's political partisans and academics. It shows how analogies with other conflicts have been used by partisans to further ... More


Explaining International Norm Change

Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter offers three main arguments. The first is a claim that existing perspectives on international norms are limited by their focus on norms as outcomes. The second main argument develops a ... More


Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-binding Norms in the International Legal System

Dinah Shelton (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270989
eISBN:
9780191707704
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270989.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book evaluates the impact on state behaviour of international norms adopted in forms that are not legally binding. The use of such ‘soft law’ has increased dramatically with the proliferation of ... More


Conclusion: Conceptualizing the EU as a Promoter of Democracy

Richard Youngs

in The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe's Mediterranean and Asian Policies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249794
eISBN:
9780191600357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249792.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The conclusions revisit the conceptual debates outlined in the first chapter in light of the study of EU democracy promotion in the Mediterranean and East Asia. The EU's efforts to develop deeply ... More


Northern Ireland and Island Status

Adrian Guelke

in Northern Ireland and the Divided World: Post-Agreement Northern Ireland in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244348
eISBN:
9780191599866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244340.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Compares Northern Ireland with Cyprus, Puerto Rico, Corsica, East Timor, and Sri Lanka. Guelke argues that the fact that Northern Ireland is a partitioned part of an island helps explain why the ... More


Cycles of International Norm Change

Kendall Stiles and Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It discusses the triggering cycles of norm change, tensions among norms, the nature of normative arguments, role of power ... More


The Emerging Right to Democracy

Alix van Sickle and with Wayne Sandholtz

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines how the “right to democracy” gained normative force in the 1990s. It begins by discussing the normative context that prevailed in the international system prior to the Third ... More


The Philosophical Foundations of Cosmopolitan Norms

Seyla Benhabib

in Another Cosmopolitanism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183221
eISBN:
9780199851041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183221.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Eichmann trial, much like the Nuremberg trials before it, captured some of the perplexities of the emerging norms of cosmopolitan justice. This chapter discusses that since the United Nations ... More


Introduction

Rosemary Foot

in Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297765
eISBN:
9780191599279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297769.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by looking at the reality of the attitude of the global community to China (in view of its past human rights record) and shows how the normative concern for human rights has influenced the ... More


Dynamics of International Norm Change

Wayne Sandholtz

in Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the dynamics of international norm change. It argues that a single great power cannot dictate norms, but agreement among the major states is usually a prerequisite for norm ... More


The End of Conquest: Consolidating Sovereign Equality

Brook Gotberg

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents a set of case studies to examine the cycle theory of international norm change with respect to rules on conquest. Each case represents a key cycle of norm change. The cases ... More


Refugees and Asylum

William Chiu

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores how, through various steps and missteps, international norms governing refugees and asylum-seekers have evolved in response to events and crises of the 20th century. The two ... More


Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Wayne Sandholtz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

For much of history, the rules of war decreed that “to the victor go the spoils”. The winners in warfare routinely seized for themselves the artistic and cultural treasures of the defeated; plunder ... More


Introduction

Susan D. Hyde

in The Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma: Why Election Monitoring Became an International Norm

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449666
eISBN:
9780801460777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449666.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to present a theory of international norm development that explores how states in the developing world respond to the preferences of ... More


The Adoption of Gender Quotas

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses the adoption of gender quotas. It reviews four explanations for quota adoption: women's mobilization, elite strategies, normative consistency, and international norms and ... More


Genocide

Kendall Stiles

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the development of international norms prohibiting genocide. Prior to the beginning of the 20th century, genocidal killing occurred with depressing regularity around the ... More


Extraterritoriality: Expanding Exclusive Internal Jurisdiction

Titus Chih-Chieh Chen

in International Norms and Cycles of Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380088
eISBN:
9780199855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Norm change frequently occurs (1) when norms are in tension with each other and (2) when the “fit” between norms and concrete experience is disputed. This chapter provides historical case studies in ... More


Military Intervention, Norms, and the Case of Russia

Allison Roy

in Russia, the West, and Military Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199590636
eISBN:
9780191756214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590636.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides a conceptual framework for studying Russian military interventions and Russian responses to Western interventions from the Gulf War to intervention in Libya. Military ... More


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