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The Evolution of Armed Conflict in the Twentieth Century and the International Legal Response—Towards Convergence

Crawford Emily

in The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents under the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578962
eISBN:
9780191722608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578962.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The first chapter of this book examines how the traditional legal distinction between international and non-international armed conflict has become, in practice, increasingly blurred through the last ... More


International Humanitarian Law

Magdalena Forowicz

in The Reception of International Law in the European Court of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592678
eISBN:
9780191595646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592678.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The Court has rarely resorted explicitly to the Geneva Conventions and the Additional Protocols, preferring to rely on its own approach. This happened despite the existence of an elaborate framework ... More


Globalization and Competition Law: Conflict, Uncertainty, and the Promise of Convergence

David J. Gerber

in Global Competition: Law, Markets, and Globalization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228225
eISBN:
9780191711350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228225.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter examines developments since the fall of the Soviet Union. During this period, competition law has again become a major focus of attention on both the international and national levels. ... More


Civilizing Civil War: Writing Morality as Law at the ICTY

Alexander Zahar

in The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199573417
eISBN:
9780191728822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573417.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

International law governing international armed conflict has grown since 1945 to include many crimes for which individuals may be held criminally liable. The ICTY and its supporters claim that much ... More


Law Enforcement and the Protection of Life under International Humanitarian Law

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is the body of rules and principles specifically designed to regulate the conduct of States and individuals actively involved in situations of international or ... More


Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Vipin Narang

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The world is in a second nuclear age in which regional powers play an increasingly prominent role. These states have small nuclear arsenals, often face multiple active conflicts, and sometimes have ... More


International Competition Law in a Trade Policy Framework

Chris Noonan

in The Emerging Principles of International Competition Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199207527
eISBN:
9780191708817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207527.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Competition Law

The international effects of anticompetitive conduct and competition law enforcement actions are the source of many international conflicts. This chapter examines these conflicts within a trade ... More


Scope of Application of the Doctrine of Command Responsibility—International and Internal Conflicts as well as Peacetime?

Guenael Mettraux

in The Law of Command Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559329
eISBN:
9780191705304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559329.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the scope of application of the doctrine of superior responsibility, in particular the question of whether it applies in the context of both international as well as internal ... More


Pillars of Prosperity: The Political Economics of Development Clusters

Timothy Besley and Torsten Persson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152684
eISBN:
9781400840526
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152684.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

“Little else is required to carry a state to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice; all the rest being brought ... More


Self-Monitoring, US Presidents, and International Crises: A Statistical Analysis

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Who Fights for Reputation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181288
eISBN:
9781400889983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181288.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter looks at original surveys of sixty-eight presidential historians on the president each had studied in depth. The historians’ survey suggests that American presidents exhibit variation in ... More


From Jus In Bello to Jus Post Bellum: When do Non-International Armed Conflicts End?

Rogier Bartels

in Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199685899
eISBN:
9780191765841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685899.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses how to identify the moment when the law dealing with situations of armed conflict (jus in bello or international humanitarian law) ceases to apply and makes way for the law ... More


Current Trends in the Development of the Law of Armed Conflict

Antonio Cassese

in The Human Dimension of International Law: Selected Papers of Antonio Cassese

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199232918
eISBN:
9780191696572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232918.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the six main areas where the law of armed conflicts is most glaringly in need to be updated because of fresh and multifarious developments in warfare. First, it considers the ... More


Ritual and the Politics of Reconciliation

Marc Howard Ross

in From Conflict Resolution to Reconciliation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195166439
eISBN:
9780199849796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166439.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Political scientists would usually undermine the role of reconciliation in peacemaking at the level of international relations as reconciliation is viewed to be more often than not used in less ... More


The Gentle Modernizer of the Law of Armed Conflict?

Inger Österdahl

in Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199685899
eISBN:
9780191765841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685899.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter argues that jus post bellum is necessary in order to cope constructively with the consequences of armed conflict. At the same time, the introduction of a systematic and comprehensive jus ... More


Conclusion

Richard C. Hall

in Consumed by War: European Conflict in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125589
eISBN:
9780813135328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125589.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

International conflict throughout twentieth-century Europe can be divided into three parts. The first phase began with the Balkan Wars in 1912, extended through to the end of World War I, and lasted ... More


Apology and Reconciliation in International Relations

Raymond Cohen

in From Conflict Resolution to Reconciliation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195166439
eISBN:
9780199849796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166439.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

An apology serves as a human and effective tool for reconciliation and in dealing with conflict. Since apologies are not limited to only speech and may be delivered in several different ways and ... More


On Conclusions: The Imperative of the Moral Imagination

John Paul Lederach

in The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174540
eISBN:
9780199835409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174542.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that if we are to survive as a global community, we must understand the imperative nature of giving birth and space to the moral imagination in human affairs. We must face the ... More


Eco-Struggles: Using International Criminal Law to Protect the Environment During and After Non-International Armed Conflict

Matthew Gillett

in Environmental Protection and Transitions from Conflict to Peace: Clarifying Norms, Principles, and Practices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198784630
eISBN:
9780191827051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198784630.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines the provisions of international criminal law applicable to serious environmental harm, particularly during non-international armed conflicts ('NIAC'). After describing incidents ... More


Introduction

Ian Hurd

in How to Do Things with International Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196503
eISBN:
9781400888078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196503.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the politics of the international rule of law. The big debates in world politics today are inseparable from international law. Controversy over what ... More


Statehood and Recognition

JAMES CRAWFORD

in The Creation of States in International Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199228423
eISBN:
9780191714375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228423.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

At the beginning of the 20th century, there were some fifty acknowledged States. By 2005, this number rose to exactly 192 States. The emergence of so many new States represents one of the major ... More


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