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Poverty, Deprivation, and Exclusion

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Examines trends in poverty and in wider indicators of deprivation and social exclusion in the UK. Discusses different ways of measuring the extent of poverty. Presents trends in the numbers with low ... More


International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

International Smoking Statistics presents a valuable collection of smoking data relating to thirty countries—most of Europe, and also Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, USA, and the ... More


Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Avner Offer, Rachel Pechey, and Stanley Ulijaszek (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The problem of obesity is of increasing national and international importance. This book, which provides a solid foundation for the social interpretation of obesity, assessing the role of ... More


The Importance of International Comparisons

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the importance of international comparisons in conducting an historical study of maternal mortality. International comparisons can illuminate features which could easily be ... More


China is Poorer than We Thought, but No Less Successful in the Fight against Poverty 1

Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 2005, China participated for the first time in the International Comparison Program (ICP), which collects primary data across countries on the prices for an internationally comparable list of ... More


London as the Global Market for Corporate Securities before 1914

Leslie Hannah

in Financial Centres and International Capital Flows in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603503
eISBN:
9780191729249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603503.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The London Stock Exchange before 1914 was the largest in the world in terms of the number and value of its quoted securities. The ratio of quoted domestic corporate securities to UK GDP, perhaps as ... More


Child Protection Systems: International Trends and Orientations

Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, and Marit Skivenes (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199793358
eISBN:
9780199895137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793358.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This book builds upon and advances the comparative analysis of child protection systems that was conducted in the mid-1990s and presented in the ground-breaking book Combatting Child Abuse: ... More


Academics in the Accounting Policy Process: England and Germany Compared

Michael Power

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Focuses on the role of a specific interest group accounting policy-making: the academics. The author provides an international comparison of the role of academics in the accounting policy-making ... More


Industrial Policies in Developing Countries: History and Perspectives

Michele Di Maio

in Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235261
eISBN:
9780191715617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a detailed comparative account of the role played by industrial policies — including innovation and technology policies, education and skill formation policies, trade policies, ... More


Introduction to Fetal Health and Mortality

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explains why the health and survival chances of the fetus are so important in developed economies today, since late-fetal is often higher than infant mortality, and it establishes the ... More


Changing Patterns of Response and Emerging Orientations

Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, and Marit Skivenes

in Child Protection Systems: International Trends and Orientations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199793358
eISBN:
9780199895137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793358.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 12 brings together the main findings from the analyses of the ten countries. It identifies a number of developments which are evident in all the countries, including: the wide-ranging, ... More


The politics of parental leave policies: Children, parenting, gender and the labour market

Sheila Kamerman and Peter Moss (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420671
eISBN:
9781447303961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420671.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

With the growth of parental employment, leave policy is at the centre of welfare state development and at the heart of countries' child and family policies. It is widely recognised as an essential ... More


Race and Ethnicity in America

John Iceland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520286900
eISBN:
9780520961975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286900.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity in America examines patterns and trends in racial and ethnic inequality in the United States. Drawing upon information collected in surveys such as the decennial census and the ... More


The Penn Effect: Decoupling and Recoupling in the Price-Income Relationship?

Eiji Fujii

in Global Interdependence, Decoupling, and Recoupling

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019804
eISBN:
9780262314442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019804.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter considers the issue of decoupling and recoupling through a window of the well-known positive relationship between national price and per capita income levels. Specifically, it ... More


Children

Sara Rosenbaum and Chung-Hi H. Yoder

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals primarily with the impact of social injustice on children in the United States, emphasizing children's rights in a legal context. It covers the legal status of children in society, ... More


UK Wealth Inequality in International Context

Frank Cowell

in Wealth in the UK: Distribution, Accumulation, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678303
eISBN:
9780191757594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678303.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter uses evidence from the Luxembourg Wealth Study to compare the distributions of personal wealth in the UK, Canada, Sweden, and the USA. A first comparison suggests that distribution in ... More


Do Patients Want Shared Decision Making and How Is This Measured?

Martin Härter and Daniela Simon

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Shared decision making is an approach where clinicians and patients communicate together using the best available evidence when faced with the task of making decisions. The chapter presents an ... More


Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages

David A. Wise (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226442877
eISBN:
9780226442907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226442907.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This is the seventh phase of an ongoing project on international social security which compares twelve developed countries’ experiences and uses differences in their retirement program provisions to ... More


Comparative analysis of costs of some selected infrastructure components across Africa

Oliver Chinganya, Abdoulaye Adam, and Marc Kouakou

in Infrastructure in Africa: Lessons for Future Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447326632
eISBN:
9781447326663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326632.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The economic growth and development of a country depend on a solid infrastructure and the robustness of systems that have been put in place. Together, these constitute a nation’s “engine of growth” ... More


Pricing Pharmaceuticals in a World Environment

Stuart O. Schweitzer and Z. John Lu

in Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy: Perspectives, Promises, and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190623784
eISBN:
9780190623814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623784.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

How should one comprehensively examine and compare drug prices in different countries? What are the reasons for the differences, large or small? Can we draw policy conclusions concerning the most ... More


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