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The Subject's Point of View

Katalin Farkas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book defends a conception of the mind that is inspired by some of Descartes's writings. The crucial feature of the Cartesian view defended is not dualism — which is not adopted here — but ... More


Thinking about Knowing

Jay Rosenberg

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251339
eISBN:
9780191598326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251339.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers an unorthodox, systematic view of the relationships among the concepts of knowledge, truth, and justification. It articulates and defends a conception of knowledge as adequately ... More


Party Organization and Party Performance: The Case of the French Socialist Party

Serenella Sferza

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Much of the literature on parties centres on decline and failure, but recently the decline hypothesis has come under attack on both empirical and theoretical grounds, and this has exposed major ... More


Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 6 concludes that the natural signs of God provide prima facie evidence of God's existence and even, for people in some epistemic positions, makes belief in God reasonable. While the signs are ... More


Event Concepts

Roberto Casati and Achille C. Varzi

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter analyzes the concept of an event and of event representation as an umbrella notion. It provides an overview of different ways events have been dealt with in philosophy, linguistics, and ... More


Toward a Synthesis of Reliabilism and Evidentialism?: Or: Evidentialism's Troubles, Reliabilism's Rescue Package

Alvin I. Goldman

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter provides two definitions of “evidence”. The first is in terms of reliable indicatorship, and the second is in terms of strengthening justification. The discussion also notes the ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter discusses two possible solutions to the value-of-knowledge problem. It first discusses the conditional probability solution, which was formulated and defended by Erik Olsson. It then ... More


Can A Priori Entitlement be Preserved by Testimony?

Ram Neta

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

In his influential article “Content Preservation”, Tyler Burge argues for the highly unorthodox thesis that, at least under some circumstances, when someone who is a priori entitled to believe that p ... More


Overview

Raffaella De Rosa

in Descartes and the Puzzle of Sensory Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570379
eISBN:
9780191722455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570379.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces the reader to the problem of sensory misrepresentation in Descartes scholarship and outlines the argumentative strategies for solving it that will be fully developed in the ... More


A Descriptivist‐Causal Account and the Solution of the Puzzle of Sensory Representation

Raffaella De Rosa

in Descartes and the Puzzle of Sensory Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570379
eISBN:
9780191722455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570379.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter defends a qualified internalist account of the representationality of Cartesian sensations that differs from both externalist readings and from purely internalist accounts (also ... More


Introduction: The Debate

Alan H. Goldman

in Reasons from Within: Desires and Values

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199576906
eISBN:
9780191722288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576906.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the nature of deliberation, and defines the debate between internalists and externalists about reasons. Internalists hold that all reasons derive from existing motivations. ... More


What Nativism Is (I): The Hypothesis of Special Faculties

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The internalist construal of nativism appears to explain how nativism may be related to rationalism in epistemology, since nativism may be able to explain the link between an a priori belief and what ... More


A New Historiography

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by reviewing the main hypotheses about the factors responsible for setting and shifting scenes of inquiry. It notes two methodological issues that are vital in the development of ... More


Philosophical Skepticism and Externalist Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199217250
eISBN:
9780191696053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217250.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the following thesis and its supporting argument. Philosophical Skepticism: There is no way we could ever attain full philosophical understanding of our knowledge. The Radical ... More


The Value of Synchronic Justification

Richard Swinburne

in Epistemic Justification

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243792
eISBN:
9780191598524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243794.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A belief being synchronically justified because it is based on adequate grounds may be understood in many senses. These vary from a pure internalist sense in which the grounds of a belief are other ... More


The Value of Diachronic Justification

Richard Swinburne

in Epistemic Justification

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243792
eISBN:
9780191598524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243794.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A belief is diachronically justified if it is synchronically justified and results from adequate investigation. Whether the time devoted to an investigation is adequate depends (positively) on how ... More


Certitude Sustained: Portrait of G. E. Moore as a Perspectivalist

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Thinking about Knowing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251339
eISBN:
9780191598326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251339.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Offers an internalist and perspectivalist reading of G. E. Moore's epistemological views. Challenges Barry Stroud's influential interpretation and defends Moore's rejection of scepticism, his ... More


The Rationality of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The central question of Chapter 5 is to which type of rationality natural theology (also called rational theology) should aspire. Many types of rationality are identified, and various notions of ... More


The Problem of Representative Agency

Chiara Cordelli

in The Privatized State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691205755
eISBN:
9780691211732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691205755.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter sheds light on private actors that have the standing or capacity to exercise certain forms of power or make certain decisions in terms of representative agency. It discusses a novel ... More


Law

Thom Brooks

in Hegel's Political Philosophy: A Systematic Reading of the Philosophy of Right

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625741
eISBN:
9780748652532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625741.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Hegel's legal philosophy has been categorised in various ways. Different commentators claim Hegel's theory endorses natural law, legal positivism, the historical school of jurisprudence, a precursor ... More


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