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Relations

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Following Bertrand Russell, properties are seen as the monadic case with the dyadic, triadic, etc. cases constituting the relations. A Principle of Instantial Invariance, that a relation that is a ... More


The Method of the Tractatus

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents three more crucial ideas in the interpretation of the Tractatus. The first is ‘resolution’; it discusses attempts to articulate quite what ‘resolute readings’ of the Tractatus ... More


Conclusion

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter reviews how the author’s reading presents those features of the Tractatus (described in Ch. 1) that Wittgenstein himself described as crucial. It clarifies the interpretation of the ... More


Objects, Names, Facts, and Propositions

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents some of the crucial proposals that the Tractatus offers concerning the nature of objects, facts, propositions, names, and what he calls ‘the internal relation of depicting that ... More


The Supposed ‘Con‐formity’ of Language and World

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Guided by the picture analogy, this chapter explores further how we succumb to the illusion that a con-formity between language and world underpins meaningful language use. It is argued that this ... More


Subjectivity

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the Tractatus’ discussion of thought and subjectivity, particularly its remarks concerning the ‘internal relatedness’ of thoughts and their constituents, thoughts and facts, and ... More


Armstrong on Truthmaking

Marian David

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Truthmakers have come to play a central role in David Armstrong's metaphysics. They are the things that stand in the relation of truthmaking to truthbearers. This chapter focuses on the relation. ... More


Objects Revisited

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter returns to Wittgenstein’s proposals about ‘objects’ in order to reveal how they can also be seen as reflecting our failure to ascribe sense to the notion of the thinker ‘coming to’ or ... More


Relations

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Descriptions of the universe inevitably incorporate relational judgments, judgments that include one or more relational terms. Some philosophers have gone further, defending the thesis that, because ... More


Ethics and ‘the Ladder’

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Wittgenstein’s proposal that ethics is ‘inexpressible’ represents a rung on a ‘ladder’ that is to be ‘climbed’ and then ‘thrown away’. Evidence presented in the previous ... More


The Picture Analogy

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an interpretation of Wittgenstein’s proposal that we see propositions as analogous to pictures. Thinking through this analogy in the way that Wittgenstein suggests reveals both ... More


Anti‐Reductionism

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers anti-reductionist theories and argues that each of those also fails. Anti-reductionists — who maintain that there are semantic facts over and above the causal, physical, and ... More


The Tractatus on Inference and Entailment

Ian Proops

in From Frege to Wittgenstein: Perspectives on Early Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195133264
eISBN:
9780199833580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133269.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein criticizes Frege and Russell for maintaining that “laws of inference” justify inferences (Tractatus 5.132). I argue that what lies behind this criticism is a rejection ... More


Method Revisited

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks back once again at Wittgenstein’s methodology, picking out aspects that may be more easily understood in the light of Chs. 5-9. It examines further the ‘elucidatory’ method ... More


The Community Method

Geert De Baere

in Constitutional Principles of EU External Relations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546688
eISBN:
9780191719998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546688.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The Community method of decision-making is characterized by (i) the central role of the Commission in formulating proposals; (ii) qualified majority voting (QMV) in the Council as a rule; (iii) ... More


Logical and Ontological Types

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses how Wittgenstein’s conception of ‘the illogical’ as sign/symbol confusion affects our understanding of logical and ontological ‘types’. It explores the notion that the ... More


Overview of the Cases

Charles Heckscher, Michael Maccoby, Rafael Ramirez, and Pierre-Eric Tixier

in Agents of Change: Crossing the Post-Industrial Divide

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261758
eISBN:
9780191718687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261758.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter sketches an analytic framework centered on the need to integrate corporate strategy with internal stakeholder relations. It describes and compares the four central cases in terms of ... More


When the Whistling had to Sto p

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ten propositional types that, according to the Tractatus, cannot ‘be said’ are identified. Wittgenstein’s post-Tractatus account of each of these types of proposition is examined.


Truth and Propositional Unity in Early Russell

Thomas Ricketts

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ricketts treats shifts in Russell’s views about truth and judgment between 1905 and 1910, a period during which Russell attempted to articulate an atomistic, pluralist, and realist metaphysical ... More


Ancestors and Relatives

Paul Humphreys

in Emergence: A Philosophical Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190620325
eISBN:
9780190620356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190620325.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter provides a historical perspective on transformational emergence. The views of John Stuart Mill and C. D. Broad on emergence are outlined, and a detailed examination of G. E. Moore’s ... More


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