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The Second Bank of the United States

Richard Ellis E.

in Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the creation of the 2 BUS and the differences that existed between it and the First Bank of the United States (1 BUS). It also examines the early operations of the 2 BUS and ... More


Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Richard E. Ellis

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book examines the public debate that took place over Chief Justice John Marshall's famous decision in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819). It sheds new light on how the case came before the US Supreme ... More


Middle Atlantic: Conservatism and Experimentation

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Bank chartering in New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland was contentious, often corrupt, high‐stakes politics. The corruption surrounding bank chartering made it difficult for cooperative interbank ... More


Two North Carolinians, Same Goal, Different Approaches: An Examination of the Political Lives and Philosophies of Nathaniel Macon and Archibald D. Murphey

Troy L. Kickler

in North Carolina's Revolutionary Founders

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651200
eISBN:
9781469651224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651200.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The volume’s final substantive essay compares and contrasts the public careers of two of the most important members of that generation of North Carolina politicians who rose to prominence after the ... More


Policy-Constraining Amendments

John Dinan

in State Constitutional Politics: Governing by Amendment in the American States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532783
eISBN:
9780226532950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532950.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter, one of three chapters (along with chapters 6 and 7) analyzing policy-related state constitutional amendments, examines amendments that constrain the policy choices of public officials. ... More


Remapping Creek Country

Angela Pulley Hudson

in Creek Paths and Federal Roads: Indians, Settlers, and Slaves and the Making of the American South

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833933
eISBN:
9781469604008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898277_hudson.10
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the continued American expansion into former Indian homelands north and south of the Ohio River, which sparked a renewed passion for what American politicians called “internal ... More


“As Far as Human Prudence Could Insure”: Marshall’s Retreat from Implied Commerce Powers

David S. Schwartz

in The Spirit of the Constitution: John Marshall and the 200-Year Odyssey of McCulloch v. Maryland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190699482
eISBN:
9780190063719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699482.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Cultural History

Despite ample opportunity, Chief Justice Marshall did not build on McCulloch v. Maryland to engage in nation-building through his constitutional decisions. In Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), Marshall ... More


The State

Joseph W. Pearson

in The Whigs' America: Middle-Class Political Thought in the Age of Jackson and Clay

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179728
eISBN:
9780813179735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179728.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explains Whig understanding of political power, the rule of law, and the proper scope of state or public action.


“The Question Perpetually Arising”: Constitutional Law and Politics, 1819

David S. Schwartz

in The Spirit of the Constitution: John Marshall and the 200-Year Odyssey of McCulloch v. Maryland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190699482
eISBN:
9780190063719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699482.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Cultural History

In antebellum America, the dispute over national versus state governmental powers—“federalism” questions—defined the major political line of division. While paying lip service to the axiom that the ... More


“The Legitimate Object of Government”: Constitutional Problems of Civil War–Era Republican Policy

Paul D. Moreno

in Constitutionalism in the Approach and Aftermath of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251940
eISBN:
9780823253012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251940.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Historians like Herman Belz considered and rejected the view that Lincoln used the Civil War as the occasion to establish a “dictatorship.” This chapter will consider the argument that the ... More


Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

Frank Cicero Jr.

in Creating the Land of Lincoln: The History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041679
eISBN:
9780252050343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter 3 covers the years in which the Illinois state capital moved from Kaskaskia to Vandalia to Springfield, focusing on legislative and judicial debates surrounding the Black Code, which limited ... More


Afterword

Jeff Broadwater

in Jefferson, Madison, and the Making of the Constitution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651019
eISBN:
9781469651033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651019.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The afterword deals briefly with constitutional issues Jefferson and Madison faced after the Constitution and the Bill of Rights were adopted. These included questions involving the need for Senate ... More


Internal Improvements (1838–41)

Richard Haw

in Engineering America: The Life and Times of John A. Roebling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190663902
eISBN:
9780190092870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190663902.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

John left farming in the wake of the panic of 1837 and found work as a surveyor, eventually working on a series of canal projects around western Pennsylvania, where he met Charles Schlatter. Despite ... More


“Has Congress Power to Incorporate a Bank?”: The McCulloch Litigation and Opinion

David S. Schwartz

in The Spirit of the Constitution: John Marshall and the 200-Year Odyssey of McCulloch v. Maryland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190699482
eISBN:
9780190063719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699482.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Cultural History

Chief Justice Marshall’s ambiguous opinion in McCulloch v. Maryland rejected the hard-line Jeffersonian argument that implied powers were only those strictly necessary to implementing the enumerated ... More


“Acting Directly on the People”: Post–Civil War Nationalism, 1868–1888

David S. Schwartz

in The Spirit of the Constitution: John Marshall and the 200-Year Odyssey of McCulloch v. Maryland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190699482
eISBN:
9780190063719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699482.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Cultural History

Post–Civil War nationalism meant a partial but significant reversion to prewar constitutionalism, recognizing federal legislative authority over “every foot of American soil” and implementing the ... More


John Quincy Adams: A Republic of Virtue

Gary Scott Smith

in Religion in the Oval Office: The Religious Lives of American Presidents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199391394
eISBN:
9780199391424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391394.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

John Quincy Adams embodied and expressed the concerns of many of his contemporaries about the importance of a personal relationship with God, of morality to the well-being of the nation, and of ... More


The House: Whig Nationalist

Matthew Mason

in Apostle of Union: A Political Biography of Edward Everett

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469628608
eISBN:
9781469628622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628608.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter explores other key elements of Everett’s House career, centering on his commitment to American nationalism and to the National Republican and Whig Parties’ ethic of “Improvement.” A ... More


The Future

Joseph W. Pearson

in The Whigs' America: Middle-Class Political Thought in the Age of Jackson and Clay

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179728
eISBN:
9780813179735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179728.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter lays out Whig views of the future, reconciling their optimism for the world ahead with their skepticism towards the past.


Building Roads, Designing Bridges (1825–29)

Richard Haw

in Engineering America: The Life and Times of John A. Roebling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190663902
eISBN:
9780190092870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190663902.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

John spent almost four years in Westphalia as a construction site supervisor laying roads, building bridges, and designing all manner of small buildings. In the process, he received an education in ... More


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