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Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Michele Maggiore

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book deals with all aspects of gravitational-wave physics, both theoretical and experimental. This first volume deals with gravitational wave (GW) theory and experiments. Part I discusses the ... More


Quantum entanglement in practice

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains how entanglement witnesses can be measured in practice. The main idea behind the Mach–Zehnder interferometer experiment described earlier is to test for and even measure quantum ... More


Experiments in linear optics

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents experiments employing the optical devices described in Chapter 8 and the detection schemes discussed in Chapter 9. Single-photon interference — described by a first-order ... More


Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Are the fundamental constants of Nature really constant? How can we build clocks that lose only a few seconds on the entire life of the Universe? This book answers these questions by illustrating the ... More


Magnetotransport in two-dimensional systems

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses a number of quantum phenomena brought about by electronic transport at high magnetic fields. As a first step, the Shubnikov–de Haas effect is introduced. In order to understand ... More


Linearized theory and gravitational waves

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In the weak-field limit Einstein's equation can be linearized and it takes on form of the familiar wave equation. Gravitational waves may be viewed as ripples of curvature propagating in a background ... More


X-ray optics

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is devoted to the applications of dynamical diffraction to X-ray optics. After a brief description of X-ray sources (tubes and synchrotron radiation), it gives the principle of the ... More


Quantum mechanics

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews all the rules of quantum mechanics and their mathematical notation. It also considers quantum entanglement, a fundamental resource in quantum information. There are four basic ... More


The Mach–Zehnder Interferometer

William J. Mullin

in Quantum Weirdness

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The chapter discusses the Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI), which uses beam splitters in combination with mirrors to place a photon into a superposition of paths. In a final beam splitter, the two ... More


Albert Michelson and the Aether Wind

John C. H. Spence

in Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

The life of the gifted American scientist who devoted his life to detection of the Aether wind which the Earth should be moving through, and to the measurement of the speed of light. The struggle to ... More


Interference and Coherence

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics Simplified

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842859
eISBN:
9780191878770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842859.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The superposition principle states that the sum of solutions of the wave equation is also a solution. Linearity forbids scattering of one photon by another and waves with orthogonal polarization will ... More


Cosmic Ripples

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Gravitational waves generated by violent collisions in the distant universe were recently discovered by the LIGO detector. Gravitational waves were predicted by Einstein’s theory of general ... More


Interference

Mohammad Samiullah

in A First Course in Vibrations and Waves

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198729785
eISBN:
9780191804113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729785.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

When two waves overlap in space, the intensity of the resulting combined wave varies in space due to the interference between the waves. The intensity of the combined wave from two point sources in ... More


Two waves: interference

Charles S. Adams and Ifan G. Hughes

in Optics f2f: From Fourier to Fresnel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198786788
eISBN:
9780191828980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786788.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers the sum of two waves, including standing waves. The examples considered are Young’s two-hole experiment, the Fabry–Perot etalon, and Michelson’s interferometer. In most cases ... More


Perfect Crystal Neutron Optics

Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner

in Neutron Interferometry 2nd Edn: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712510
eISBN:
9780191780813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712510.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The perfect crystal, LLL-geometry, neutron interferometer is geometrically analogous to the classical Mach–Zehnder interferometer. Its operation depends in exquisite detail on the dynamical theory of ... More


Gravitational-Wave Detection

Harry Collins

in Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A brief history of gravitational wave detection


Alkali atoms and laser cooling

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter starts with the spectrum of alkali atoms, which have a very similar electronic structure to hydrogen. It describes the hyperfine structure of alkali atoms in the context of the ... More


Interference Phenomena: Exploring the Essential Mystery

Frank S. Levin

in Surfing the Quantum World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 11 introduces the essential mystery of quantum mechanics, shows how it is resolved, and then goes on to examine related phenomena. The mystery is how individual photons, not electromagnetic ... More


Optical Communication with Invisible Photons

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

It has always been a self-evident and obvious feature of any kind of communication that there should be an exchange of objects like photons or electrons between the sender and the receiver to convey ... More


Integrated Multi-port Interferometers

José Capmany and Daniel Pérez

in Programmable Integrated Photonics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198844402
eISBN:
9780191879944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844402.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Integrated multi-port interferometers are the second step in programmable photonics. Initially conceived and designed to implement fixed linear optics unitary transformations between N input and N ... More


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