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 Moral Reasons—Internal and External *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question how deeply moral reasons relate to human motivation through discussing the debate over internalism and externalism in ethics. Internalists on moral reasons hold ... More


The Objects of Intentionality

Colin McGinn

in Consciousness and its Objects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267606
eISBN:
9780191601798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926760X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A sketch is given of the view that there are non-existent intentional objects: such things as Pegasus and Zeus, which do not exist but which can be the subject of thought, which can be referred to, ... More


The Immanence Theory of Intentionality

Johannes L. Brandl

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the immanence theory of intentionality that Brentano put forward is not so unreasonable as its many critics have taken it to be. This chapter provides a charitable reading of ... More


Objects of Thought

Graham Priest

in Towards Non-Being: The Logic and Metaphysics of Intentionality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199262540
eISBN:
9780191602672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262543.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapter 3 provides a semantics for intentional predicates. The semantics proceeds in terms of objects which may or may not exist. An appendix discusses accounts of intentionality in Medieval Logic.


Emotions' Mysterious Objects (1984)

Robert C. Solomon

in Not Passion's Slave: Emotions and Choice

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145496
eISBN:
9780199833726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145496.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The idea that emotions have “objects” is interpreted. In place of atomistic analysis in terms of components, I offer a holistic account of emotion.


Truthmakers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a truthmaker is introduced, and the importance of the notion for metaphysics is stressed. Russell was a pioneer. All truth is a matter of correspondence of a proposition to reality, so ... More


The Purpose of Sensations

Ryan Nichols

in Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199276912
eISBN:
9780191707759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276912.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the relationship between Reidian sensation and perception. It considers whether sensations are intentional objects of other mental states and, if so, what type of mental ... More


Intentional Attitudes and Relations

A. N. Prior

in Objects of Thought

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243540
eISBN:
9780191680694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243540.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

From objects of thought in the sense of ‘what we think’, this chapter now turns to objects of thought in the more natural sense of what we think of or about. It discusses ‘thinking of’ as a genuine ... More


The Structure of Intentionality

Tim Crane

in The Objects of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682744
eISBN:
9780191762970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682744.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the basic elements of the theory of intentionality which will be used to solve the problem of non-existence. Intentionality is the direction of the mind upon an (existing or ... More


Nothing to Be Proud of (1980)

Robert C. Solomon

in Not Passion's Slave: Emotions and Choice

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145496
eISBN:
9780199833726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145496.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The idea that emotions have “objects” is scrutinized. I reject the idea that emotions can be separated into components – the emotion itself and the object of the emotion. I also discuss David Hume 's ... More


Phenomenal Intentionality and the Role of Intentional Objects

Frederick Kroon

in Phenomenal Intentionality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764297
eISBN:
9780199932191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764297.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter attempts to adjudicate the disagreement between familiar realist ways of understanding intentionality and the anti-realist way favored by phenomenal intentionalists. It begins this task ... More


Intentionality and Intensionality

Mark Sainsbury

in Thinking about Things

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198803348
eISBN:
9780191841538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803348.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Intentionality is a property of mental states: their being directed on things, or about things. Intensionality is a semantic property, marked by such features as failure of truth preservation when ... More


Intention in the Text

D. C. Greetham

in Theories of the Text

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119937
eISBN:
9780191671265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119937.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter begins by the author's use of the story ‘Poem is Whitman's. Is the Voice?’ in presenting the argument that who is speaking matters because intention is, or is not, a valid concern for ... More


Bolzano, Frege, and Husserl on Reference and Object

Dagfinn Føllesdal

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Husserl’s notion of the intentional object may be compared and contrasted with Bolzano’s and Frege’s views on the reference of linguistic expressions, especially since Bolzano was a main influence on ... More


Intention as psychological cause

David Premack and Ann James Premack

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a domain-specific theory of human social competence according to which humans interpret self-propelled objects that pursue goals as having intentions. These intentional objects ... More


Ontology

Roger Scruton

in The Aesthetics of Music

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198167273
eISBN:
9780191598371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019816727X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Confronts certain puzzles raised about the nature and identity of the musical work, and dismisses these puzzles as unreal: either they concern the musical work itself, in which case they are puzzles ... More


Representative Theories of Perception

J. L. Mackie

in Problems from Locke

Published in print:
1976
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198750369
eISBN:
9780191597947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198750366.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Mackie outlines Locke's representationalist theory. He analyses the relation between representationalism and the picture theory of ideas. The theory's relation to the veil of perception doctrine is ... More


Brentano’s Thesis Revisited

Mark Textor

in Brentano's Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199685479
eISBN:
9780191765636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685479.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Psychologie, Brentano introduced a new mark of mental phenomena: all and only mental phenomena are intentional. No physical state or property is intentional. Under the label ‘Brentano’s Thesis’ ... More


Propositions, Time, and Eternity

Wolfgang Künne

in Conceptions of Truth

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241316
eISBN:
9780191597831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241317.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I argue that neither sentences nor sentential utterances nor token‐sentences, but propositions, conceived of as (possible) contents of certain speech acts and of certain mental acts and states, are ... More


The Objects of Thought

Tim Crane

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682744
eISBN:
9780191762970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682744.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses the ancient question of how it is possible to think about what does not exist. It is argued that the representation of the non-existent is a pervasive feature of our thought about ... More


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