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The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


Building Intentional Action Knowledge with One’s Hands

Sarah Gerson and Amanda Woodward

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the potential origins of the ability to discern others' intentions in acting. It focuses on a category of experience that has long been hypothesized to contribute to ... More


Introduction

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that intentional actions are unique among natural phenomena in that they happen because they should happen. This is not to say that they happen because they ought to morally, ... More


Knowledge of Action

Adrian Haddock

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that knowledge of one's intentional action can also be understood as knowledge of a transparent fact, which constitutes an entitlement to the belief this knowledge involves. It ... More


Intentions

Berent Enç

in How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256020
eISBN:
9780191602238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256020.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is an essay on intentions and intentional action, which focuses in particular on the relation between the rational explanations of action that cite the agent’s intentions and the ... More


From Normativity to Responsibility

Joseph Raz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are our duties or rights? What should we do? What are we responsible for? How do we determine the answers to these questions? This book examines and explains the philosophical issues underlying ... More


Purposes

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Intentional actions consist in agents purposing, that is ‘trying’, to bring about effects (where ‘trying’ carries no implication of difficulty or failure) or allowing some effect to occur. Purposing ... More


Attitudes That Essentially Encompass Motivation to Act

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Offers an analysis of a paradigmatic species of motivational attitude, one that essentially encompasses motivation to act, as action–desires and intentions do. It is argued that attitudes of this ... More


Motivational Strength

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Develops an account of the motivational strength of the desires most closely associated with intentional actions. The motivational strength of a desire is distinguished from such things as the ... More


Intentions

Charles W. Collier

in Meaning in Law: A Theory of Speech

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388978
eISBN:
9780199855421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388978.003.005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter argues for an intention-based theory of speech. The key to developing this theory is the analysis of symbolic speech (communication by nonlinguistic means or simple signals). Since ... More


Intentional Omissions

Clarke Randolph

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0073
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the concept of intentionally omitting to do something, such as abstaining, boycotting, and fasting. The focus here is on the metaphysical and mental dimensions of intentional ... More


Rational Selves and Freedom of Action

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an externalist account of reasons for action in more detail against familiar objections raised against such accounts by internalists and advocates of event-causal theories of ... More


Control and Self‐Control

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The primary purpose of this chapter is to show that data generated in well‐known experiments by physiologist Benjamin Libet can be used to support the idea that an independently plausible thesis ... More


Neurobiology of Decision Making: An Intentional Framework

Michael N. Shadlen, Roozbeh Kiani, Timothy D. Hanks, and Anne K. Churchland

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The aim of statistical decision theories is to understand how evidence, prior knowledge, and values lead an organism to commit to one of a number of alternatives. Two main statistical decision ... More


AN ANALYSIS OF DESIRE

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Several distinctions with respect to desiring or wanting are presented: between intelligent desire (which is manifested in intentional action) and non-intelligent (instinctual) desire, between ... More


Collective Moral Responsibility

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophical approaches to collective moral responsibility fall into two main categories, individualist and collectivist. Individualists think of it as a reductive concept; collectivists think of it ... More


The Causal Theory of Action : Origins and Issues

Aguilar Jesús H. and Buckareff Andrei A.

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This introduction offers a brief historical examination of the three key stages of the development of the causal theory of action (CTA), namely, the ancient classical period represented by the work ... More


Practical Knowledge and Acting Together

Olle Blomberg

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a problem that joint action raises for an influential philosophical view of the nature of intentional action. According to this view, an agent is intentionally -ing if and only ... More


Claims of Legal Authorities and ‘Expressions of Intention’: The Limits of Philosophy of Language

Veronica Rodriguez-Blanco

in Law and Language: Current Legal Issues Volume 15

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673667
eISBN:
9780191751769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673667.003.0042
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter shows the importance of authorities' claims in shaping and creating the law according to the ‘guise of the good’ model. It also shows that an investigation into the philosophy of ... More


Knowing How without Knowing That

Yuri Cath

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, I develop three different arguments against the thesis that knowledge how is a kind of knowledge that. Knowledge that is widely thought to be subject to an antiluck condition, a ... More


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