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From Intensifier to Focus Particle

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter traces the development of intensifying selbst (self) to the focus particle selbst (even) in German. Starting from a semantic analysis of the intensifier, it surveys German literary data ... More


Variable priorities and exclusion

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter considers two ways in which the simple default logic defined earlier can be elaborated, leading to a more robust theory of reasons. First, the priorities among default rules have so far ... More


From Common Ground to Syntactic Construction: Associated Path in Warlpiri

JANE SIMPSON

in Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199266500
eISBN:
9780191719363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266500.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses how one might examine the Narrow Ethnosyntax Hypothesis. It expands on Wierzbicka's suggestions for finding likely constructions and discusses pitfalls to avoid, such as ... More


ELECTRON SOURCES AND DETECTORS

JOHN C. H. SPENCE

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses and compares the three most common electron sources used in electron microscopy. Brightness, energy spread, and coherence properties are given for field emitters, LaB6, and ... More


Self‐Reflexives as Floating Quantifiers

Johan Rooryck and Guido Vanden Wyngaerd

in Dissolving Binding Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691326
eISBN:
9780191731785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691326.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter tackles the syntax of self-reflexives. Such reflexives are derived from pronouns by adjoining a self-part to them, which provides them with the syntax of floating quantifiers. This claim ... More


A new perspective on the historical development of English intensifiers and reflexives

Uffe Bergeton and Roumyana Pancheva

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter gives an innovative account of a distinctive property of the reflexive paradigm in English within Germanic: the absence of morphologically simplex reflexives like German sich, Dutch ... More


Fluoroscopy

Varut Vardhanabhuti, Julia James, Rosemary Gray, Rehaan Nensey, Vivien Shuen, and Tishi Ninan (eds)

in MCQs for the First FRCR

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584024
eISBN:
9780191917967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584024.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Locality and Logophoricity: A Theory of Exempt Anaphora

Isabelle Charnavel

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190902100
eISBN:
9780190902131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190902100.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Anaphors such as English herself, French elle-même, and Mandarin ziji are usually claimed to obey locality requirements stated by Condition A of Binding Theory. But we observe that in various ... More


The Grammar of Expressivity

Daniel Gutzmann

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198812128
eISBN:
9780191850110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812128.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

While the expressive function of natural language has received much attention in recent years, the role grammar plays in the interpretation of expressive items has mainly been neglected in the ... More


Morphosyntax1

Karen P. Corrigan

in Irish English, Volume 1 - Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748634286
eISBN:
9780748671441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748634286.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

There has been much recent discussion of the extent to which features occurring in English vernaculars are either ‘global’ and thus shared across varieties or else ‘local’ and therefore ... More


Intensifiers

Osamu Sawada

in Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198714224
eISBN:
9780191782633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714224.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 6 investigates the expressive uses of intensifiers with special reference to the Japanese intensifier totemo and the comparative adverb motto. The expressive totemo combines with a negative ... More


Counter-expectational scalar adverbs

Osamu Sawada

in Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198714224
eISBN:
9780191782633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714224.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 7 investigates the meaning and use of Japanese counter-expectational scalar adverbs—that is, the counter-expectational intensifier yoppodo and the Japanese scale-reversal adverb kaette. It ... More


How to Identify Exempt Anaphors

Isabelle Charnavel

in Locality and Logophoricity: A Theory of Exempt Anaphora

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190902100
eISBN:
9780190902131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190902100.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The goal of this chapter is to design tools for reliably identifying instances of exempt anaphors. In particular, the inanimacy-based strategy distinguishes between plain and exempt anaphors ... More


The cycle of expressivity

D. Gary Miller

in English Lexicogenesis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689880
eISBN:
9780191770371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689880.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter describes the loss and subsequent renewal of expressivity by means of degree doubling (e.g. mostest), adjectival intensifiers (filthy rich), reinforcing adjectives (totally), fanciful ... More


Roots in transitivity alternations: Afto‐/auto‐reflexives

Artemis Alexiadou

in The Syntax of Roots and the Roots of Syntax

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199665266
eISBN:
9780191748554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665266.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The chapter investigates the interaction between non-active morphology and the ‘afto’-prefix, which has been called a reflexivizer. The main point of this chapter is that we need to distinguish ... More


Expressive intensifier

Daniel Gutzmann

in The Grammar of Expressivity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198812128
eISBN:
9780191850110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812128.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Expressive intensifiers (EIs) are a special class of degree expressions found in informal variants of German. They are distinguished from ordinary degree intensifiers like ‘very’ by several special ... More


How the syntax of adjectives has changed

P. H. Matthews

in The Positions of Adjectives in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199681594
eISBN:
9780191760792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681594.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter surveys changes in the history of adjectives in English, as the background to the problems that later chapters will deal with. These include, in particular, the loss of inflections that ... More


Conditions, Modifiers, and Holism

Ralf Bader

in Weighing Reasons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199315192
eISBN:
9780190245580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315192.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a framework for understanding two ways in which reasons can vary across contexts, namely through the effects of (1) conditions which take the form of enablers and disablers, as ... More


What Prima Facie Duties Are There?: Ross, Agent-Relativity, and the Rejection of Consequentialism

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter interprets and defend Ross’s rejection of consequentialism and his endorsement of a moderate deontological position. It focuses particularly on what he says about promises, the special ... More


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