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Crop Pollination Services From Wild Bees

Claire Kremen

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Historically, farmers obtained pollination services from wild, unmanaged bees or made habitat modifications to attract them. Today, agriculture demands the use of managed bees, usually honey bees, ... More


Agricultural improvement in modern times

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Modern agriculture has created the world we live in today, most notably by enabling farmers to feed a population of over six billion, possibly rising to ten billion by 2050. Key advances have been ... More


Metrical Progressions and Processes

Harald Krebs

in Fantasy Pieces: Metrical Dissonance in the Music of Robert Schumann

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195116236
eISBN:
9780199871308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195116236.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter begins with a discussion of “metrical progressions” — successions of metrical states within pieces of music — and presents a method for the notation of metrical progressions in the form ... More


Metrical Revisions

Harald Krebs

in Fantasy Pieces: Metrical Dissonance in the Music of Robert Schumann

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195116236
eISBN:
9780199871308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195116236.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter, based on research undertaken in numerous libraries and archives in Europe, gives examples of Schumann's intensive compositional work on metrical dissonance. There are occasions when ... More


Hidden, Nonobvious Properties

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that by four years of age children construct beliefs and assumptions about properties that are “internal, but...unknown” (to borrow from Locke) and that these beliefs have serious ... More


Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use

Louise Jackson, Todd Rosenstock, Matthew Thomas, Justin Wright, and Amy Symstad

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the effects of management and intensification processes on biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. It begins with a meta-analysis of studies conducted along landscape ... More


Development Strategies and the Environment

Irma Adleman, Habib Fetini, and Elise Hardy Golan

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240692
eISBN:
9780191714269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240692.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Are there systematic associations between environmental conditions and development strategies? This chapter approaches this question from different angles. It starts by reviewing the types of ... More


Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Africa requires a new agricultural transformation that is appropriate for Africa, that recognizes the continent's diverse environments and climates, and that takes into account its histories and ... More


Sustainable Agriculture

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter proposes that the way forward will be a prosperous and sustainable agriculture sector deeply rooted in the concept of sustainable intensification (SI): producing more with less, using ... More


Mixed Farming and Limited Specialization: Methods and Means of Intensification

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 7 continues to explore agrarian change, by examining the means of intensification. As arable land became more restricted, and less favourable plots in dry regions came to be relied upon, late ... More


Mental Well-Being in Boys and Girls of Immigrant Background: The Balance between Vulnerability and Resilience

Jan O. Jonsson and Carina Mood

in Growing up in Diverse Societies: The Integration of the Children of Immigrants in England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780197266373
eISBN:
9780191879562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266373.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The difference in mental well-being between children of immigrants and children of the native-born can be seen as a crucial indicator of integration. Theories about acculturation and social stress ... More


Work Intensification and Forms of Control

Huw Beynon, Damian Grimshaw, Jill Rubery, and Kevin Ward

in Managing Employment Change: The New Realities of Work

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248698
eISBN:
9780191697760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248698.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter considers the pressures behind the growing prominence attached to the customer in the delivery of services in the public and private sector. It then examines how these pressures have ... More


Managing the land

Chris Wickham

in Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400—800

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264490
eISBN:
9780191698934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264490.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter is concerned with the organization of agricultural production, particularly agriculture, based from the standpoint of landowners. It tries to show how unimportant slave-mode production ... More


Value Chains

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter studies the third pillar of sustainable intensification by focusing on the development of sustainable socioeconomic intensification. This encompasses the intensification of the ... More


The Rise and Collapse of Villages in the Central Mesa Verde Region

Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The large-scale trends in immigration and emigration that we document for the VEP study area are due primarily to the effects of low-frequency variability in temperature; the VEP area becomes too ... More


Traditional Farming

Vaclav Smil

in Energy and Civilization: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the use of energy in traditional farming. The evolution of agriculture appears to be a continuing effort to increase land productivity (to increase digestible energy yield) in ... More


Modern Agriculture and the Decline of British Biodiversity*

T. C. Smout

in Exploring Environmental History: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635139
eISBN:
9780748651375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635139.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the late twentieth century, biodiversity in Britain suffered unprecedented loss in a short time span. It did so at a time when environmental concern had never been higher, indeed when Britain was ... More


UK Food Businesses' Reliance on Low‐Wage Migrant Labour: A Case of Choice or Constraint?

Andrew Geddes and Sam Scott

in Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter critically examines migrant labour demand at the producer‐end of the UK food industry. This industry has experienced considerable intensification over recent decades, associated with the ... More


Tracking the Transformations: Population, Intensification, and Monumentality

Patrick Vinton Kirch

in How Chiefs Became Kings: Divine Kingship and the Rise of Archaic States in Ancient Hawai'i

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267251
eISBN:
9780520947849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267251.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the evidence for major trends in demography, settlement, economic intensification, specialization, monumental architecture, and other material correlates of sociopolitical ... More


Intensification, individualisation, inconvenience, interpellation

John Harris and Vicky White

in Modernising social work: Critical considerations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420060
eISBN:
9781447302827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420060.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book has examined specific dimensions of what modernising social work involves, some of which have attracted little attention to date. These dimensions are located within neo-liberalism; ... More


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