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Motive and Consequences

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith's explanation of moral judgement upon action, as right or wrong, speaks of the sympathy of spectators with the motive of the agent. He does not include thought about the consequences of the ... More


The i/f distinction: distinguishing intent from foresight

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes the intended/foreseen (i/f) distinction: how to name it, how to make it, and how to apply it to the classic cases of euthanasia/terminal sedation, craniotomy/hysterectomy, and ... More


Essays on Actions and Events

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of action. Its overarching thesis is that the ordinary concept of causality we employ to render ... More


Direct Singular Reference: Intended Reference Andactual Reference

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the ideal (and normal) case of successful direct reference to an individual particular (1) there exists a particular individual that the speaker means (i.e. intends to refer to), (2) the singular ... More


Threshold Deontology and Its Critique

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.02
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses moderate (or threshold) deontology, its critique, and possible responses. Deontological theories prioritize values such as autonomy, human dignity, and keeping one's promises ... More


Private and Public Morality

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.03
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the claim that even if moderate deontology is the correct moral theory for individuals, consequentialism is the appropriate moral theory for legal policymakers such as ... More


The Fight Against Terrorism

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.06
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents a constrained cost-benefit analysis of measures taken in the fight against terrorism. It begins by characterizing and criticizing existing normative economic analysis of the ... More


Legal Intervention, the Regulatory Mix, and the Impact of Law

W.A. Bogart

in Permit But Discourage: Regulating Excessive Consumption

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379877
eISBN:
9780199869060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379877.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

When governments decide to address a myriad of issues with some kind of a legal response, there is a wide range of options that are available. But how do they determine which ones to use? How do they ... More


Intending

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay picks up where Essay 4 left off: how best to specify the desire and belief that rationalize and cause an action? A conjunction of desire and belief rationalize an action only when that ... More


Imposing Values

N. Scott Arnold

in Imposing Values: Liberalism and Regulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195374964
eISBN:
9780199871490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374964.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explains what is to be done when reasonable disagreement persists among liberals about the proper scope of government, and when one or the other side has the political power to impose ... More


The Political Economy of War

David Keen

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores new ways of thinking about war and possible directions for research derived from a review of the existing literature. It looks particularly at the political economy of war, ... More


Meanings

Charles W. Collier

in Meaning in Law: A Theory of Speech

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388978
eISBN:
9780199855421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388978.003.001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins by distinguishing three basic types of meaning: natural meaning, speaker's meaning, and expression meaning. The remainder of the chapter explores what those different types of ... More


Advance care planning in patients with end-stage renal disease

Sara N Davison, Jean L Holley, and Jane Seymour

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the purpose and use of advance directives (ADs) and advance care planning (ACP) within the context of ESRD. It also presents empirical evidence about the degree to which ADs ... More


Original Significances and Historical Explanation

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks into the interactions of historical interpretation with historical explanation. It argues that causal explanation is a primary goal of history, inseparable from historical ... More


Doing Harm

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Defenders of ordinary morality must establish the existence of constraints, including a constraint against harming. This chapter distinguishes between two basic ways that this particular constraint ... More


Intending Harm

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The second way to characterize a constraint against harm is as a constraint against intending harm. This presupposes a distinction between harm that is intended as a means or an end, and harm that is ... More


What Do You Think, Mr. Ramirez?: The American Revolution in Education

Geoffrey Galt Harpham

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226480787
eISBN:
9780226480954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226480954.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Is there an American philosophy of education? This book contends that there is, and that the system of general, universal, and liberal education that became national policy after WWII reflected a ... More


Pornography, Art, and the Intended Response of the Receiver

David Davies

in Art and Pornography: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609581
eISBN:
9780191746260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609581.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

According to this chapter, both the nature of art and the nature of pornography can be usefully elucidated in terms of the kind of regard or response intended by the maker of an artefact. In this ... More


Conclusion: Evolution Intended

Eirik Bjorge

in The Evolutionary Interpretation of Treaties

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198716143
eISBN:
9780191784873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716143.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

Chapter 6 concludes the analysis by showing that the answer to the research question posed in Chapter 1 is that the evolutionary interpretation of treaties is an outcome of the process described in ... More


Reply to Sartorio

Clarke Randolph

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0089
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In response to the claims made in the previous chapter, this chapter questions the claim made by Carolina Sartorio regarding the right account of intentional omission and how it does not parallel a ... More


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