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The Foundations of Covert Empire

Priya Satia

in Spies in Arabia: The Great War and the Cultural Foundations of Britain's Covert Empire in the Middle East

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331417
eISBN:
9780199868070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331417.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter describes the prewar and wartime formation of the British intelligence community in the Middle East, tracing its informality to the particular circumstances in which it was formed, and ... More


Accommodating Defeat (1945–1991)

Richard J. Samuels

in Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741586
eISBN:
9781501741593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741586.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores how the accommodation by Japanese leaders to U.S. power and to the public's widespread aversion to security affairs shaped and stunted the Japanese intelligence community during ... More


Reimagining Possibilities (2001–2013)

Richard J. Samuels

in Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741586
eISBN:
9781501741593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741586.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter talks about how the world and, in particular, the regional balance of power made comprehensive intelligence reform imaginable for the first time. The immediate precipitant for this ... More


Expanding Special Duties (1895–1945)

Richard J. Samuels

in Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741586
eISBN:
9781501741593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741586.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews the history of the early development of the modern Japanese intelligence community, focusing on how the shifting strategic context, technological development, and failure ... More


Reengineering the Intelligence Community (2013–)

Richard J. Samuels

in Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741586
eISBN:
9781501741593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741586.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the most recent and ambitious reengineering of the Japanese intelligence community. A revised Japanese intelligence reform started with the 2013 passage of a Designated State ... More


The Past and Future of Japanese Intelligence

Richard J. Samuels

in Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741586
eISBN:
9781501741593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741586.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter measures the Japanese intelligence community against likely shifts in the security environment, technological change, and the costs of intelligence failure. It reviews dynamics and ... More


Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community

Richard J. Samuels

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741586
eISBN:
9781501741593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741586.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The prewar history of the Japanese intelligence community demonstrates how having power over much, but insight into little can have devastating consequences. Its postwar history—one of limited ... More


Differentiating Centralization and Coordination in National Intelligence after 9/11

Alejandro E. Camacho and Robert L. Glicksman

in Reorganizing Government: A Functional and Dimensional Framework

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479829675
eISBN:
9781479811649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479829675.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter uses legislative changes in the structure of federal intelligence information management in the wake of 9/11 to explore problems that arise from the failure to distinguish the ... More


Militarizing Education: The Intelligence Community’s Spy Camps

Roberto J. González

in The Imperial University: Academic Repression and Scholarly Dissent

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816680894
eISBN:
9781452948799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816680894.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter provides an overview of America’s spy agencies. The high school program “Spy Camp” was carried out by Trinity University in Washington, DC using part of a pilot grant from the U.S. ... More


Subordinating Intelligence: The DoD/CIA Post-Cold War Relationship

David P. Oakley

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176703
eISBN:
9780813176727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176703.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Since September 11, 2001 (9/11), the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Department of Defense (DoD) have operated together in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere during counterterrorism ... More


The Damaged Alliance: The Intelligence Community, the Military, and the Sociopolitical System that Influences Them

Edward A. Gutiérrez

in Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177571
eISBN:
9780813177588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177571.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter analyzes the severe issue of politicization that infects the Intelligence Community (IC) and the US military as well as the executive branch. It focuses on the Central Intelligence ... More


Introduction

Robert Hutchings

in Truth to Power: A History of the U.S. National Intelligence Council

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190940003
eISBN:
9780190053086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940003.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

“Truth to power”: it is a stirring phrase, but what does it mean? It certainly does not mean that US intelligence believes itself to possess the Truth with a capital T, but the phrase grows out of ... More


Intelligence Integration and Reform: 2009–2014

Christopher Kojm

in Truth to Power: A History of the U.S. National Intelligence Council

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190940003
eISBN:
9780190053086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940003.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Christopher Kojm inherited the continuing challenge of implementing intelligence reform. This time the tension lay between the two mandates given to the new director of national intelligence: to ... More


The Threat on the Horizon: An Inside Account of America's Search for Security after the Cold War

Loch K. Johnson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199737178
eISBN:
9780190252458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199737178.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, American Politics

The Aspin-Brown Commission of 1995–1996, led by former U.S. Defense Secretaries Les Aspin and Harold Brown, was a landmark inquiry into the activities of America's secret agencies. The purpose of the ... More


The Rising Clamor: The American Press, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Cold War

David P. Hadley

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177373
eISBN:
9780813177403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This work examines the relationships that developed between the domestic U.S. press and the Central Intelligence Agency, from the foundation of the agency in 1947 to the first major congressional ... More


America at War: 2003–2005

Robert Hutchings

in Truth to Power: A History of the U.S. National Intelligence Council

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190940003
eISBN:
9780190053086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940003.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Robert Hutchings arrived as chairman just a month before the US invasion of Iraq, a move that he privately felt was a major mistake, for reasons that proved all too accurate. Once combat operations ... More


New Missions, New Challenges: 2005–2008

Thomas Fingar

in Truth to Power: A History of the U.S. National Intelligence Council

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190940003
eISBN:
9780190053086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940003.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Thomas Fingar’s chairmanship began with two overriding challenges: to implement the intelligence reforms of 2004–5 and to repair the damage to the National Intelligence Council’s credibility in the ... More


Intelligence Services, Peer Constraints, and the Law

Ashley Deeks

in Global Intelligence Oversight: Governing Security in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458072
eISBN:
9780190458102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458072.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

This chapter introduces the idea of “peer constraints” in intelligence oversight. Peer constraints are an important component of an increasingly thick transnational legal ecosystem that constrains ... More


The Cardiff Community Engagement Experiment

Martin Innes, Colin Roberts, Trudy Lowe, and Helen Innes

in Neighbourhood Policing: The Rise and Fall of a Policing Model

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198783213
eISBN:
9780191830396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783213.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In order to develop insights into the conduct of Neighbourhood Policing ‘on the ground’, this chapter focuses in upon the findings from a significant attempt to establish a structured and systematic ... More


The Source, the Intelligence Community and the Commander

Amos N. Guiora

in Legitimate Target: A Criteria-Based Approach to Targeted Killing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199969739
eISBN:
9780199333288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969739.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes the role of the information source, the intelligence community and the commander in the decision-making process regarding targeted killing. It highlights the importance of ... More


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