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Intelligence services

Simon Chesterman

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter surveys the manner in which US intelligence functions have been outsourced in collection activities such as electronic surveillance, rendition, and interrogation, as well as the growing ... More


Introduction

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The main focus of this book is to discuss the acquisition of intelligence on current and future Soviet weaponry by Western — chiefly British — intelligence agencies in Germany during the period ... More


Archives of Authority

Andrew N. Rubin

in Archives of Authority: Empire, Culture, and the Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154152
eISBN:
9781400842179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154152.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter details the correspondence between the author and the Central Intelligence Agency regarding the release of information in line with the Freedom of Information Act. At the same time the ... More


The FBI Is Perhaps the Most Dedicated and Influential Forgotten Critic of African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part illuminates the interpretive assumptions of Bureau ghostreading against the backdrop of the best-documented entanglement of American criticism with American espionage: namely, the firsthand ... More


Intelligence, Policy, and the War in Iraq

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines intelligence–policy relations during the Iraq War. It makes four claims. First, policymakers in the US and UK did attempt to manipulate intelligence on Iraq, and their efforts ... More


Pathologies of Intelligence-Policy Relations

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter begins by describing ideal intelligence-policy relations in order to set a baseline. It then explains why the ideal is so difficult to achieve, and why some friction is normal even ... More


A Basic Problem: The Uncertain Role of Intelligence in National Security

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter first sets out the book's focus, namely the relationship between intelligence and strategy. Broadly, it addresses the question of how intelligence informs state perceptions and strategic ... More


NASA, the CIA, and Foreign Intelligence during the Apollo Era

James E. David

in Spies and Shuttles: NASA's Secret Relationships with the DoD and CIA

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813049991
eISBN:
9780813050430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049991.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The CIA furnished NASA with virtually all its intelligence on the Soviet space program during the 1960s, particularly on whether there was a lunar landing program competitive with Apollo. NASA ... More


Politics, Politicization, and the Need for Secrecy

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter begins by summarizing key themes. This book has taken several steps toward a more complete understanding of intelligence–policy relations. It described the ideal type, in which ... More


The Rising Clamor: The American Press, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Cold War

David P. Hadley

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177373
eISBN:
9780813177403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This work examines the relationships that developed between the domestic U.S. press and the Central Intelligence Agency, from the foundation of the agency in 1947 to the first major congressional ... More


Seeking Answers: The Commission Convenes

Loch K. Johnson

in The Threat on the Horizon: An Inside Account of America's Search for Security after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199737178
eISBN:
9780190252458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199737178.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the first session of the Aspin-Brown Commission of 1995–1996. The chapter looks at the topics discussed during the session, including the political issues facing Washington, ... More


The Ford Administration and the Team B Affair

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes the Team B affair under the Ford administration. In May 1976, the administration invited a panel of outside experts to evaluate classified intelligence on the Soviet Union. The ... More


Militarizing Education: The Intelligence Community’s Spy Camps

Roberto J. González

in The Imperial University: Academic Repression and Scholarly Dissent

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816680894
eISBN:
9781452948799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816680894.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter provides an overview of America’s spy agencies. The high school program “Spy Camp” was carried out by Trinity University in Washington, DC using part of a pilot grant from the U.S. ... More


Weighing the Value of Estimates

Loch K. Johnson

in The Threat on the Horizon: An Inside Account of America's Search for Security after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199737178
eISBN:
9780190252458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199737178.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the Aspin-Brown Commission's discussions about the usefulness of National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs) as part of the U.S. national security policy. The chapter first looks ... More


The Damaged Alliance: The Intelligence Community, the Military, and the Sociopolitical System that Influences Them

Edward A. Gutiérrez

in Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177571
eISBN:
9780813177588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177571.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter analyzes the severe issue of politicization that infects the Intelligence Community (IC) and the US military as well as the executive branch. It focuses on the Central Intelligence ... More


The Threat on the Horizon: An Inside Account of America's Search for Security after the Cold War

Loch K. Johnson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199737178
eISBN:
9780190252458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199737178.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, American Politics

The Aspin-Brown Commission of 1995–1996, led by former U.S. Defense Secretaries Les Aspin and Harold Brown, was a landmark inquiry into the activities of America's secret agencies. The purpose of the ... More


Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Joshua Rovner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

What is the role of intelligence agencies in strategy and policy? How do policymakers use (or misuse) intelligence estimates? When do intelligence–policy relations work best? How do ... More


Spies and Shuttles: NASA's Secret Relationships with the DoD and CIA

James E. David

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813049991
eISBN:
9780813050430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049991.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

NASA's public image through the years is of an organization that has engaged only in civilian and open activities. Although this is true in many cases, there is another side to NASA's history. This ... More


Case Study: Learning from the Search for Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq

D. Christopher Kayes

in Organizational Resilience: How Learning Sustains Organizations in Crisis, Disaster, and Breakdown

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199791057
eISBN:
9780190245351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791057.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A detailed recounting of the events surrounding the search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq reveal how many in the intelligence community came to learn that the weapons of mass destruction in ... More


Policy Oversell and Politicization

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents a very different model of politicization, one based on politics rather than bureaucratic design or personality traits. It outlines the conditions that make politicization likely ... More


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