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The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to the contexts in which those sentences ... More


The Anti-Intellectual Presidency: The Decline of Presidential Rhetoric from George Washington to George W. Bush

Elvin T. Lim

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342642
eISBN:
9780199851843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342642.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Why has it been so long since an American president has effectively and consistently presented well-crafted, intellectually substantive arguments to the American public? Why have presidential ... More


Experience and judgement

Richard Gaskin

in Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287253
eISBN:
9780191603969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287252.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

There are several obstacles in McDowell’s thought to his embracing a conduit conception of experience. The main ones are: the idea that thinkers are free in making observational judgments, the ... More


The mental lives of infants and animals

Richard Gaskin

in Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287253
eISBN:
9780191603969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287252.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

McDowell’s individualism and intellectualism about the ‘order of justification’ commits him to taking an unattractive line on infant and animal consciousness: he has to deny that infants and ... More


The Cultural Economy of American Christianity

James Davison Hunter

in To Change the World: The Irony, Tragedy, and Possibility of Christianity Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730803
eISBN:
9780199777082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730803.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The actual vitality of American Christianity’s cultural capital today resides almost exclusively among average people in the pew rather than those in leadership, on the periphery not the center of ... More


Nonpropositional Intellectualism

John Bengson and Marc A. Moffett

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The question of the grounds of knowledge how can be distinguished from the question of the nature of knowledge how. We defend an intellectualist answer to the former question and an objectualist ... More


How to Resolve ‘How To’

Jonathan Ginzburg

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that intellectualism is incompatible with the facts about complementation in a variety of languages. It is also argued that one of the main empirical bases for anti-intellectualism (the ... More


Plato on Rationality and Happiness

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the relation between rationality and happiness in Plato's thought. In some early dialogues a correct conception of what happiness is, is sufficient to achieve it; hence all ... More


Black Intellectual Thought in Modern America: A Historical Perspective

Brian D. Behnken, Gregory D. Smithers, and Simon Wendt (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496813657
eISBN:
9781496813695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496813657.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Black intellectualism has been misunderstood by the American public and by scholars for generations. Historically maligned by their peers and by the lay public as inauthentic or illegitimate, black ... More


The Soul

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Calvin has a strong dualist view of the human person. His understanding of the immortality of the soul is considered. The main sections of the Chapter are involved in considering three contemporary ... More


Abilities and Know-How Attributions

Ephraim Glick

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Anti-Intellectualists about know-how, following Ryle, hold that knowing how to do something is simply having the ability to do it. With qualifications, the chapter defends this traditional view. The ... More


Knowledge, Experiments, and Practical Interests

Ángel Pinillos

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter describes some new experimental techniques and results that shed light on our ordinary use of ‘knowledge’. The results presented can be elegantly explained by adopting an interest ... More


Introduction

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter discusses how perception figures in giving moral knowledge and how moral perception is connected with intuition and emotion. It challenges stereotypes regarding both ... More


Exceptional America: What Divides Americans from the World and from Each Other

Mugambi Jouet

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293298
eISBN:
9780520966468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293298.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Americans are far more divided than other Westerners over basic issues, including wealth inequality, health care, climate change, evolution, the literal truth of the Bible, apocalyptical prophecies, ... More


Now You Know It, Now You Don't: Intellectualism, Contextualism, and Subject‐Sensitive Invariantism

Keith DeRose

in The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is shown to avoid certain problems, and to thereby gain an important advantage over subject-sensitive invariantism, by its ability to respect ‘intellectualism’, the thesis that ... More


Imagination and Error

Michael LeBuffe

in From Bondage to Freedom: Spinoza on Human Excellence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383539
eISBN:
9780199870530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter defends an interpretation of Spinoza's theory of error, on which the traditional identification of adequate ideas and true ideas in Spinoza is questioned. Although all ideas of ... More


Spinoza's Summum Bonum

Michael LeBuffe

in From Bondage to Freedom: Spinoza on Human Excellence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383539
eISBN:
9780199870530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383539.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter defends an interpretation of Spinoza's claim that the knowledge of God is mind's highest good. Spinoza understands his summum bonum in a traditional, Aristotelian sense: it is the best ... More


Goethe and the Anthropology of the European Enlightenment

Matthew Bell

in Goethe's Naturalistic Anthropology: Man and Other Plants

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198158943
eISBN:
9780191673429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158943.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter traces the twin themes of the Enlightenment's naturalistic search for the whole man and its attempt to bind ethical norms into its underlying naturalism. This relies on a body of recent ... More


John Dewey’s Theory of Knowledge

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Dewey's theory of knowledge. The intellectualist sees knowledge as something absolutely certain, which is contemplatively seen, by a mind that is at most contingently embodied, ... More


The Problem of Presidential Rhetoric

Elvin T. Lim

in The Anti-Intellectual Presidency: The Decline of Presidential Rhetoric from George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342642
eISBN:
9780199851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342642.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter addresses presidential anti-intellectualism as the problem itself. It begins with the characterization of presidential rhetorical trends as manifestations of the anti-intellectual ... More


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