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Human Cognitive Capabilities, Representativeness, and Ground Rules for Research

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the rejection of human capability to perform probabilistic tasks is extremely premature. Studies which are often cited as showing that people perform such tasks poorly can be ... More


Divide and Conquer: How to Use Likelihood and Value Judgments in Decision Making

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the concept of “divide and conquer” in decision analysis. The basic idea of “divide and conquer” consists of three steps. First, you take your cognitive, or your intellectual ... More


Expertise of Court Judges

James Shanteau and Len Dalgleish

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

We argue that expert performance is not best understood and assessed in terms of general characteristics applying across all domains. Rather, it should be analyzed in the context of the specific ... More


Conceptual Conservatism: The Case of Normative Functions

Paul Sheldon Davies

in Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113212
eISBN:
9780262255271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113212.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter argues that biologists who cling to function talk are suffering from “conceptual conservatism” and that function talk should be given up. It addresses that the concept of normative ... More


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