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Psychology II: Intellect

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The concentration of this chapter is on Avicenna’s account of the theoretical intellect (his account of the so-called practical intellect is deferred until chapter 8), beginning with his discussion ... More


Tools

Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Describes Maximus' life and his place within the intellectual world of the Late Antiquity. It examines the logical tools Maximus makes use of in his theology, such as the Porphyrian Tree and the ... More


Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Kevin N. Laland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humans possess an extraordinary capacity for cultural production, from the arts and language to science and technology. How did the human mind—and the uniquely human ability to devise and transmit ... More


Phantasia and Practical Thought

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Given the richness of Aristotle’s conception of sense, the question arises of what he takes to be distinctive of the intellect and its functioning. The chapter therefore offers a detailed account of ... More


Concluding Remarks

Richard Sturch

in The Word and the Christ: An Essay in Analytic Christology

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198261988
eISBN:
9780191682278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198261988.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study of traditional and analytic Christology. It justifies the use of the intellect to analyse the holy mystery and suggests that the refusal ... More


 Psychology: Soul, Intellect, and Knowledge

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī wrote a well-known treatise On Intellect, which was the first Arabic treatise to give a taxonomy of the types of intellect (following Greek sources, especially Philoponus, in interpreting ... More


The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658435
eISBN:
9780191742231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Aristotle may be considered the founder of ‘faculty psychology’, the attempt to explain a variety of psychological phenomena by reference to a few inborn capacities. This study investigates his main ... More


Matter

Christian Moevs

in The Metaphysics of Dante's Comedy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174618
eISBN:
9780199835430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174615.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter argues that matter, for Dante, can have no ontological ground or source other than Intellect-Being. Dante's world is not made of fundamental building blocks, rather all sensible reality ... More


Introduction

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

in Plotinus on Intellect

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199281701
eISBN:
9780191713088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281701.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Here an account is given of the background of the book as well as the central ideas that unify it. There is a summary of each chapter and finally an account of the approach taken in the book and of ... More


The Genesis of Intellect

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

in Plotinus on Intellect

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199281701
eISBN:
9780191713088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281701.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The central question of this chapter is how Plotinus accounts for the fact that two seemingly quite different kinds of plurality arise at the level of Intellect: a duality of subject and object of ... More


What are Faculties of the Soul? Descartes and his Scholastic Background

Dominik Perler

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes famously claimed that a human soul is a single substance without any parts. But he also affirmed that the soul has two faculties, namely intellect and will, which act as ‘two concurrent ... More


 The Berkelian Basics: Why Esse Is Not Percipi

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter begins the task of elucidating Berkeley's active/passive distinction by focusing on his understanding of the concept of existence. The latter is elucidated by mapping Berkeley's ... More


 One Berkeley: Protestant Semantics and the Curtain of Words

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter proposes a dilemma: Berkeley's attack on abstract ideas appears to require an acceptance of a Lockean-style ideational semantics. However, such a semantics would seem to undercut the ... More


Introduction to Hegel’s Critique: Intuitive versus Discursive Forms of Understanding in Kant’s Critical Philosophy

Sally Sedgwick

in Hegel's Critique of Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698363
eISBN:
9780191738692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698363.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter lays out basic features of Kant’s conception of human discursivity, and conveys the centrality of the discursivity thesis for his overall Critical program. Passages are then reviewed in ... More


Value Theory

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter returns to Avicenna’s theory of the intellect, but now with a focus on the practical intellect and its role in the formation of our moral temperaments. Since Avicenna believes that the ... More


Reduced to a Whisper

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In a tribe of resilient females whose compromises prevent their defeat, Etta's daughter‐in‐law Minna Sessinghaus Eliot (1868‐1944) is a tragic exception. A summa cum laude from Washington University, ... More


The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

William C. Chittick

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139136
eISBN:
9780199834075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139135.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Afdal al‐Dîn Kâshânî, better known as Bâbâ Afdal, died in the village of Maraq near Kashan in central Iran in the year 1210. Little is known of his life or his teachers, only that he taught in Maraq ... More


Uprightness

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Truth for a person means his existence through what he is. The human self is thus identified with its essence. However, thought is incapable of surpassing ontological objectification and fundamental ... More


Introduction: Non-Duality and Self-Knowledge

Christian Moevs

in The Metaphysics of Dante's Comedy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174618
eISBN:
9780199835430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174615.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the importance of Dante's metaphysics. It identifies five principles that are fundamental to grasping the world-picture Dante shared with the ... More


The Worldview of Islamic Philosophy

William C. Chittick

in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139136
eISBN:
9780199834075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139135.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Despite the opinions of those who would define the Islamic tradition in narrow terms, most of the Muslim practitioners of Hellenistic philosophy found it perfectly compatible with their religion. ... More


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