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Coalition Theory and Integrated Assessment Modeling: Lessons for Climate Governance

Thierry Bréchet and Johan Eyckmans

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter makes use of and combines concepts from coalition theory and applied integrated assessment modeling to provide some insights for climate governance. The chapter first identifies the key ... More


Health in other impact assessments

John Kemm

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

HIA is only one of a wide range of impact assessments. In some countries health is integrated into environmental impact assessment but the adequacy of coverage of health in EIA is very variable and ... More


Health impact assessment in Scotland

Margaret Douglas and Martin Higgins

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In 2002, HIA in Scotland was described as ‘still on the runway’. This chapter describes how since then it has slowly taken off but also describes why there have been problems developing HIA activity. ... More


Methods for studying human-induced changes in estuaries

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter looks at the assessment of biological change due to man's activities. It asks: what is normal situation and what are the limits of expected variability? Has there been a change from the ... More


Measurement and Classification of Exposure

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Exposure becomes a legitimate target of epidemiologic inquiry once it has been clearly linked to disease, e.g., tobacco or asbestos. Exposure includes exogenous agents such as drugs, diet, and ... More


Health impact assessment of policy

John Kemm

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The chapter explains that HIA of policy differs from HIA of projects and programmes. It describes the different levels of policy making and the overlap of policy with projects and programmes. It ... More


Integration of Evidence Across Studies

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Multiple studies provide an opportunity to evaluate patterns of results to draw firmer conclusions. A series of studies yielding inconsistent results may well provide strong support for a causal ... More


Strategic Bargaining and Cooperation in Greenhouse Gas Mitigations: An Integrated Assessment Modeling Approach

Zili Yang

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240543
eISBN:
9780262286510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240543.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The impact of climate change is widespread, affecting rich and poor countries and economies both large and small. Similarly, the study of climate change spans many disciplines, in both natural and ... More


Health impact assessment in developing countries

Gary Krieger, Burton Singer, Mirko Winkler, Mark Divall, Marcel Tanner, and Jürg Utzinger

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health impact assessment (HIA) is an approach that holds promise to raise the profile of health within the policy formation and programme planning and assessment cycle in the extractive industries in ... More


So What?

Jason S. Link and Anthony R. Marshak

in Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management: Progress, Importance, and Impacts in the United States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192843463
eISBN:
9780191926105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192843463.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This book has had eight regional chapters, one international chapter, and a synthesis chapter which all contain copious material for U.S. marine fisheries ecosystems. But what does it all mean? The ... More


Modelling Europe: the political work of impact assessment

Diego de la Hoz del Hoyo

in Governing Europe's spaces: European Union re-imagined

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719091858
eISBN:
9781781708415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091858.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that one way to re-imagine Europe is to re-imagine science and technology policy instrumentation as a moment when actors come together and enact ‘their’ Europe. To show this, the ... More


Bias Due to Loss of Study Participants

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the potential for bias that arises in the implementation of the selection process, focusing on the problems resulting from the inability of researchers to enroll and follow ... More


Confounding

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of definition and theoretical background of confounding. It then focuses on the quantification of potential confounding, evaluation of confounding, and ... More


Measurement and Classification of Disease

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the challenges that arise in accurately identifying the occurrence of disease, or more broadly, health outcomes. It considers the methods for detecting such errors and ... More


Selection Bias in Cohort Studies

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiologic studies make comparisons between two or more groups to draw inferences about possible causal relations between some attribute that may affect health, generically termed exposure, and ... More


Random Error

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses random error. Topics covered include taking a sequential approach to considering random and systematic error, special considerations in evaluating random error in observational ... More


Selection Bias in Case–Control Studies

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on selection bias in case-control studies. It discusses control selection, evaluation of selection bias in case-control studies, and integrated assessment of potential for ... More


Health impact assessment in the island of Ireland

Owen Metcalfe, Claire Higgins, and Teresa Lavin

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the development of HIA on the island of Ireland over a 10 year period. While not a statutory requirement in either jurisdiction, HIA has received some support across national ... More


Assessing multiple ecosystem services: an integrated tool for the real world

Heather Tallis and Stephen Polasky

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines the major challenges in taking an approach to decision-making that integrates ecosystem services, and presents a new spatially explicit modelling tool – called InVEST ... More


Epilogue: Further Research Directions

Zili Yang

in Strategic Bargaining and Cooperation in Greenhouse Gas Mitigations: An Integrated Assessment Modeling Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240543
eISBN:
9780262286510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240543.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The present study incorporated game-theoretic solutions into a well-known integrated assessment (IA) model. The extensive simulations of game-theoretic solutions in the RICE model have shown that the ... More


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