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Insurgents and Civilian-Targeted Violence

Claire Metelits

in Inside Insurgency: Violence, Civilians, and Revolutionary Group Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795774
eISBN:
9780814759554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795774.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This introductory chapter looks at how the treatment of civilians—the noncombatant host communities that the insurgents claim to represent—by insurgent groups ranges along a spectrum from coercive to ... More


The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Active Rivalry

Claire Metelits

in Inside Insurgency: Violence, Civilians, and Revolutionary Group Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795774
eISBN:
9780814759554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795774.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the theoretical themes addressed in the study and the implications of active rivalry. Insurgents treat local citizens violently when they face active rivalry. Therefore, the ... More


The Embeddedness Theory of Civilian Targeting by Insurgent Organizations

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a theory to explain why insurgent organizations attack civilians. One of the main foci is embeddedness theory, which argues that social interactions between entities will have a ... More


Why Do Some Insurgent Groups Attack Schools?

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the targeting of schools by insurgent organizations. The chapter focuses on this type of attack because it is one of the most heinous forms of violence that a militant group ... More


Inside Insurgency: Violence, Civilians, and Revolutionary Group Behavior

Claire Metelits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795774
eISBN:
9780814759554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795774.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Once considered nationalists, many insurgent groups are now labeled as terrorists and thought to endanger not just their own people, but the world. As the unprecedented trends in political violence ... More


Introduction

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Why do insurgent organizations sometimes kill civilians? This chapter provides an introduction to the book, starting with historical examples of insurgent organizations attacking civilians—but noting ... More


Why Do Some Insurgent Groups Attack Journalists?

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses an understudied subset of civilian targeting: attacks on journalists. Violence against journalists is not simply violence against civilians but also a threat to communication ... More


Understanding Insurgent Rivalry

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the factors that make organizations more likely to be rivals of one another. Given the relatively sparse nature of rivalry connections among insurgent organizations, ... More


Why Do Some Insurgent Groups Mostly Attack the General Public?

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter applies the embeddedness argument to types of civilian targeting. It explores why some insurgent groups mostly attack the general public. In other words, it examines why some insurgent ... More


Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Why do insurgent organizations sometimes kill civilians? Some do all the time, some do so occasionally, and some seem to never do so. Why? Recent research seeks to explain civilian victimization by ... More


Describing the Big, Allied, and Dangerous II Insurgency Data and Other Data Sources

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents the data used to test hypotheses on civilian targeting by insurgent organizations. The chapter uses the Big, Allied, and Dangerous Version II data set, which is a yearly data ... More


Testing Primary Hypotheses

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Why do insurgent organizations sometimes attack civilians? This chapter begins hypothesis testing of the insurgent embeddedness argument with contingency tables, which suggest basic relationships ... More


Longitudinal Modeling of Insurgent Alliances

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter uses stochastic actor-oriented models to analyze the factors that shape the alliances that organizations form and keep with other insurgents. Given the assumption that insurgents will ... More


Conclusion

Victor Asal, Brian J. Phillips, and R. Karl Rethemeyer

in Insurgent Terrorism: Intergroup Relationships and the Killing of Civilians

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780197607015
eISBN:
9780197607046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197607015.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter summarizes key findings, including comparing results across the four main empirical chapters examining different types of civilian targeting. Of the seven variables used to measure the ... More


Precursors to Colombia's Autodefensas

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.7
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter focuses on the internal conflict in Colombia, which dated back more than four decades, with State security forces pitted against several insurgent guerrilla groups. During the late 1980s ... More


Nomad, 1989–1996

Michael Scheuer

in Osama Bin Laden

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199738663
eISBN:
9780190252465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199738663.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on Osama bin Laden’s travels from one country to another between 1989 and 1996. It begins by describing bin Laden’s stay in Saudi Arabia and his support for the movement called ... More


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