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Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Vladimir Dobrosavljevic, Nandini Trivedi, and James M. Valles, Jr. (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum phase transitions describe the violent rearrangement of electrons or atoms as they evolve from well defined excitations in one phase to a completely different set of excitations in another. ... More


Topological insulators and superconductors

Shoucheng Zhang

in Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 95, August 2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199652495
eISBN:
9780191741203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652495.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter indicates the placing of lecture notes on the subject of topological insulators and superconductors by Shoucheng Zhang from Stanford University. The lecture notes were not supplied for ... More


Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

A. M. Stoneham

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book discusses the theory of defects in semiconductors and insulators. It focuses on the electronic structure of point defects in insulators and semiconductors, with discussions of underlying ... More


ON THE PROBLEM OF MANY-BODY LOCALIZATION

D. M. Basko, I. L. Aleiner, and B. L. Altshuler

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews recent work on the non-zero-temperature metal-insulator transition, which occurs in a system of weakly interacting electrons in the presence of a disorder potential strong enough ... More


Numerical Studies of Metal—Insulator Transitions in Disordered Hubbard Models

S. Chiesa, R.T. Scalettar, P.J.H. Denteneer, P. Chakraborty, T. Paiva, and S. Story

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo studies of the disordered Hubbard Hamiltonian. The effect of the interplay of interactions and a variety of realizations of the randomness, ... More


Superconductor–Insulator Transitions in Ultra-thin a-Pb Films: Disorder, Magnetic-field, and Magnetic-impurity Tuning

Peng Xiong, Ashwani Kumar, H. Jeffrey Gardner, and Liuqi Yu

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The superconductor-insulator quantum phase transitions tuned by three independent parameters: disorder, paramagnetic impurity and perpendicular magnetic field, have been directly compared in the same ... More


HOPPING CONDUCTIVITY

V.F. Gantmakher

in Electrons and Disorder in Solids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is dedicated to electron transitions between localized states. After a description of the states with the help of localization radius and the general expression for the transition ... More


METAL–INSULATOR TRANSITIONS

V.F. Gantmakher

in Electrons and Disorder in Solids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter, various data on localization in one and three dimensional (1D and 3D) systems are gathered into a unified pattern. Using the Landauer formula, it is shown that random potential ... More


INTERACTING FERMIONS ON A LATTICE

Thierry Giamarchi

in Quantum Physics in One Dimension

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525004
eISBN:
9780191711909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525004.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the canonical microscopic models used to study interacting fermions. Most of these models are quite general and are not special to one dimension. These models try to implement ... More


LATTICE CONDUCTION

J. M. Ziman

in Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of the thermal conduction of insulators. It then discusses the calculation of the Umklapp resistance, the problem of long longitudinal waves, theory of ... More


FLUCTUATIONS NEAR SUPERCONDUCTOR-INSULATOR TRANSITION

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the quantum phase transition using the example of superconductor-insulator transition. For the 3D case, a version of the Ginzburg-Landau formalism is formulated from both ... More


Tunneling Phenomenon

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents basic experimental methods and the basic theory of tunneling. The classical metal-insulator-metal tunneling junction experiment of Giaever, designed to verify the ... More


Free Fermion Systems

Xiao-Gang Wen

in Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199227259
eISBN:
9780191713019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.003.04
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses quantum theory of many-fermion systems. Various correlation functions and their related physical measurements are calculated for free fermion systems at both zero and non-zero ... More


Perspectives

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter provides a brief account of the basic properties of materials that give them semiconducting properties, while setting these materials and their technology in the context of (a) other ... More


Application to Semiconductors and Insulators

Wai-yim Ching and Paul Rulis

in Electronic Structure Methods for Complex Materials: The orthogonalized linear combination of atomic orbitals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199575800
eISBN:
9780191740992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575800.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter covers the application of the OLCAO method to semiconductors and insulators. It is difficult to classify these crystals into distinctively different groups and some overlap between them ... More


Introduction to Metal–Insulator Transitions

V. Dobrosavljević

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This Overview provides a general introduction to metal-insulator transitions, with focus on specific mechanisms that can localize the electrons in absence of magnetic or charge ordering, and produce ... More


Penultimate Fate of a Dirty-Fermi Liquid

Alexander Punnoose and Alexander M. Finkel’stein

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews here the two-parameter scaling theory of the dirty Fermi-liquid. The chapter shows that this theory captures both quantitatively (for small disorder) and qualitatively (for large ... More


Visualizing Critical Correlations Near the Metal–Insulator Transition in Ga1−x Mn x As

Ali Yazdani

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Electronic states in disordered conductors on the verge of localization are predicted to exhibit critical spatial characteristics indicative of the proximity to a metal- insulator phase transition. ... More


Glassy Dynamics of Electrons Near the Metal–Insulator Transition

Dragana Popović

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter first describes the evidence that strongly suggests the existence of the metal-insulator transition (MIT) in a two-dimensional electron system in Si regardless of the amount of disorder. ... More


Superconductor-Insulator Transitions: Present Status and Open Questions

Nandini Trivedi

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A superconductor is a remarkable emergent state of matter in which electrons pair up and develop long range phase coherence resulting in zero resistance and perfect diamagnetism. How can a ... More


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