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Bodily Feelings Emerge in the Insular Cortex: Interoceptive Integration Generates the Feeling of Being Alive

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter presents evidence that supports the idea that activity in the interoceptive cortex in the posterior insula is re-represented, integrated, and transformed in the middle and anterior ... More


Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Conclusions and Continuations

Richard Sharpe

in Medieval Irish Saints' Lives: An Introduction to Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198215820
eISBN:
9780191678219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198215820.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

The O'Donohue group of Irish saints' Lives must be added to the list of Latin texts from what is termed Phase I, the period roughly between 6650 and 850. These texts each have their own individual ... More


Neuroscience of Empathic Responding

Jean Decety

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empathy, the capacity to comprehend the affective and emotional states of others in relation to oneself, has evolved with the mammalian brain and plays a critical role in social interaction. This ... More


The neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the results of experiments on neuroimaging of thirst by positron emission tomography conducted at the Research Imaging Center in San Antonio, Texas. The experiments focused on ... More


The self and its body: functional and neural signatures of body ownership

Manos Tsakiris

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines functional and neural signatures of body ownership by controlling whether an external object was accepted as part of the body or not. The results of a series of experiments ... More


Objects found in disturbed volcanic deposit above Insula I 10

Penelope M. Allison

in The Insula of the Menander at Pompeii: Volume III: The Finds, a Contextual Study

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199263127
eISBN:
9780191919282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199263127.003.0023
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

These objects were excavated before the plans of the houses were known. Excavations with no datum line mean that it is now impossible to find their ... More


The Parental Brain in Humans

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 8 reviews the human parental brain. Most functional magnetic resonance imaging research has examined the maternal brain, with some research on the paternal brain. Although woman show ... More


The role of the insula in goal-directed drug seeking and choice in addiction

Nasir H. Naqvi and Antoine Bechara

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes our current understanding of the role of the insula in addiction. It begins by summarizing the initial work by the authors showing the effects of insula lesions on smoking ... More


Homo Erectus: An Aware Self

E. Fuller Torrey

in Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes Homo erectus and its lifestyle. It made more sophisticated handaxes, controlled fire, and migrated halfway around the world. Cognitively, it is likely that Homo erectus had ... More


Empathy and the brain

Cade McCall and Tania Singer

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to feel what others are feeling is basic to human social life. In recent years, neuroscientists have begun to study empathy as distinct from other affective phenomena or mentalizing. ... More


Neural sources of empathy: An evolving story

Jamil Zaki and Kevin Ochsner

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to feel what others are feeling is basic to human social life. In recent years, neuroscientists have begun to study empathy as distinct from other affective phenomena or mentalizing. ... More


Anatomical Substrates for Cognitive-Emotional Interactions

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter illustrates how the brain’s architecture exhibits extensive avenues for information interaction and integration, and how its underlying structure provides the substrate for the ... More


Affective and Social Touch

India Morrison

in Positive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199977925
eISBN:
9780190608972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977925.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A crucial question for the growing field of affective touch neuroscience is: Could affective touch be a special kind of touch, complete with its own neural mechanisms? This chapter summarizes recent ... More


The Neural Correlates of Individual Variation in Paternal Nurturance

James K. Rilling and Jennifer Mascaro

in Positive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199977925
eISBN:
9780190608972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977925.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Paternal care is highly variable across mammalian species, across human cultures, and across men within a given culture. Phylogenetic, socioecological, cultural, and biological factors help to ... More


Orbitofrontal cortex output pathways: cingulate cortex, basal ganglia, and dopamine

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198845997
eISBN:
9780191881237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845997.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The medial orbitofrontal cortex projects reward-related information to the pregenual cingulate cortex, and the lateral orbitofrontal cortex projects punishment and non-reward information to the ... More


Body and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

How are the resting state activity’s prephenomenal structures transformed into a full-blown phenomenal state during stimulus-induced activity? The central stimuli input are interoceptive stimuli from ... More


Social cognition and brain organization in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus)

William D. Hopkins, Cheryl D. Stimpson, and Chet C. Sherwood

in Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198728511
eISBN:
9780191795381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Bonobos and chimpanzees are two closely relates species of the genus Pan, yet they exhibit marked differences in anatomy, behaviour and cognition. For this reason, comparative studies on social ... More


Affect, decision-making, and value: neural and psychological mechanisms

Peter Sokol-Hessner and Elizabeth A. Phelps

in Handbook of Value: Perspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716600
eISBN:
9780191807572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Understanding the psychological and neuroscientific roots of interactions between emotion and value requires dissociating and quantifying specific processes contributing to both. Doing so illustrates ... More


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