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State of the Union

Iain McLean and Alistair McMillan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199258208
eISBN:
9780191603334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258201.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This is the first survey of Unionism, the ideology of most of the rulers of the United Kingdom for the past 300 years. Because it was taken so much for granted, it has never been properly studied. In ... More


Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

Charles S. Chihara

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239758
eISBN:
9780191597190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A continuation of the study of mathematical existence begun in Ontology and the Vicious‐Circle Principle (published in 1973); in the present work, Quine's indispensability argument is rebutted by the ... More


Plato's Ethics

Terence Irwin

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195086454
eISBN:
9780199833306
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195086457.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book is an evolution of Plato’s Moral Theory where Irwin presented for the first time his personal interpretation of Plato’s ethics. The aim of this book is to demonstrate that Plato’s rejection ... More


 Science without Realism?

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the question of whether there is any sense to be made of science without scientific realism. That is, it will try to identify whether there is any coherent positive view we ... More


Where Philosophy Meets Politics: The Concept of the Environment

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Through the examination of Eco‐feminism and Deep Ecology, it is demonstrated how many in these two schools have misused the concept of ‘environment’ and caused a confusion that has been detrimental ... More


Autonomy, Child‐Rearing, and Good Lives

Eamonn Callan

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Autonomy is important to leading a good life but a common liberal instrumental construal of the way in which it contributes to the leading of a good life is defective. A one‐sided focus on the ... More


Introduction: Experience and Reason

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the explanatory and justificatory roles of theoretical and practice reasons. It then considers the resistance to the idea that a unified ... More


The Sources of Practical Reasons

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers whether practical reason is substantive or only instrumental. It examines egoism, in a normative form, as well as hedonism, for which pleasure and pain are the fundamental ... More


 The Drama of Black Life

Curtis J. Evans

in The Burden of Black Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328189
eISBN:
9780199870028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328189.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Debates about instrumentalism or using the black churches as instruments of social and political reform deepened even as black leaders began emphasizing the drama of black life and religion. Drama ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter discusses two possible solutions to the value-of-knowledge problem. It first discusses the conditional probability solution, which was formulated and defended by Erik Olsson. It then ... More


The Moral Conflict of Law and Neuroscience

Peter A. Alces

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226513362
eISBN:
9780226513676
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226513676.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book is, essentially, a thought experiment: what should the law be in order to govern the affairs of human agents who do not have free will? Proceeding from the premise that human agents are ... More


Virtue for Procrastinators

Elijah Millgram

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One type of procrastination is a result of the surprising temporal structure of some important human goods, whose benefits cannot be accounted for as the sums of benefits of momentary goods. Virtue ... More


The Contemporary Context: House and Church as Mediators

David Brown

in God and Enchantment of Place: Reclaiming Human Experience

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271986
eISBN:
9780191602801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271984.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The first part of the chapter considers non-ecclesial buildings, and uses work by a range of modern architects to argue that their potential role as mediators of the divine is in fact far more deeply ... More


The Law

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

The law is closely related to custom. It may be understood as brought about by the same tendencies that bring about custom. The tension between natural law and legal positivism may be understood in ... More


Applying Mathematics

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A division is drawn between empirical sentences, pure mathematical sentences, and mixed sentences, including bridge principles. Mixed sentences are made-true relative to a calculus when derivable ... More


The Normative Foundations of Unjust Enrichment

Dennis Klimchuk

in Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Unjust Enrichment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199567751
eISBN:
9780191705267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567751.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

There are two principal accounts of the normative foundations of unjust enrichment. The first holds that the plaintiff's right to restitution for unjust enrichment is a claim in corrective justice. ... More


Singular Thought: Acquaintance, Semantic Instrumentalism, and Cognitivism *

Robin Jeshion

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

What are the conditions on singular thought and what are the mechanisms of singular thought generation? The reigning view is that singular thinking is limited to objects of acquaintance. The ... More


Singular Thought: In Defence of Acquaintance *

François Recanati

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that singular thought about an object involves nondescriptive or de re ways of thinking of that object, that is, modes of presentation resting on contextual relations of ... More


Moral Motivation

Timothy Schroeder, Adina L. Roskies, and Shaun Nichols

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To understand the nature of moral motivation, it is important first to understand the nature of motivation. This chapter begins with a discussion of motivation itself and then sketches four possible ... More


Go Figure: A Path through Fictionalism

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter distinguishes several grades of fictionalism about an area of discourse. Instrumentalists think we assert nothing with a sentence S of the relevant type. Meta-fictionalists have us ... More


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