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The Value of Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is important for liberals to make sense of claims about degrees of overall freedom because freedom is a fundamental value for liberals. Freedom is a fundamental value for liberals because liberals ... More


Official‐Language Rights: Intrinsic Value and the Protection of Difference

Denise G. Réaume

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first part of this chapter discusses two opposing concepts of the value of language (viewed as an aspect of culture): its intrinsic value (which is argued to be important) versus its instrumental ... More


The Liberal Individual

David Gauthier

in Morals by Agreement

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249924
eISBN:
9780191597497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249926.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We appeal to Bernard Suits's Grasshopper to support the thesis that what has intrinsic value in human life is engagement in activities that have instrumental value. The implication of this view is ... More


Is Political Engagement Better Than Sex?

Ben Berger

in Attention Deficit Democracy: The Paradox of Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144689
eISBN:
9781400840311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144689.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the most prominent arguments for political engagement's importance to democratic polities, including those put forward by Alexis de Tocqueville, and shows that each presents ... More


Property Rights, Contract Rights, and Other Economic Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter uses the main principle to explain why economic rights should be regarded as human rights. Property rights, contract rights, and other economic rights are a solution to the productive ... More


Mistaken Value Analyses

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in Personal Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603787
eISBN:
9780191729294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603787.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A preliminary analysis of personal value is presented. Chapter 4 also considers some influential views on the notion of personal goodness. The first, and most important, is G. E. Moore's famous ... More


The “Intrinsic” Bit

Dale Dorsey

in A Theory of Prudence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198823759
eISBN:
9780191862533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823759.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is a sustained argument against the Moorean claim that the value of a bearer is intrinsic if and only if this value supervenes entirely on the intrinsic properties of the bearer. This ... More


Justifying Punishment

Victor Tadros

in The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

In making progress with the justification of punishment it is important to distinguish between the immediate aims of punishment and the deeper philosophical commitments which underpin its ... More


Value Taxonomy

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in The Value Gap

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192848215
eISBN:
9780191943515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848215.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘Value Taxonomy’ has two objectives. First, it presents a range of approaches to classifying values. In doing so, it brings to the fore key notions and distinctions that play important roles in value ... More


What is Value Fulfillment?

Valerie Tiberius

in Well-Being as Value Fulfillment: How We Can Help Each Other to Live Well

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198809494
eISBN:
9780191846830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809494.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We have a rough understanding of what it means for a value to be fulfilled—we attain a goal, cultivate a relationship, inhabit a way of being, uphold an ideal, and so on. This chapter explains how ... More


Value of Democracy

Sungmoon Kim

in Democracy after Virtue: Toward Pragmatic Confucian Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190671235
eISBN:
9780190671266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190671235.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

Presenting pragmatic Confucian democracy as encompassing both Schumpeterian and Deweyan models of democracy, each focused on political institutions and a way of life respectively, this chapter argues ... More


Truth, Thinking, Testimony, and Trust: Alvin Goldman on Epistemology and Education

Harvey Siegel

in Education's Epistemology: Rationality, Diversity, and Critical Thinking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190682675
eISBN:
9780190682705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682675.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his recent work in social epistemology, Alvin Goldman argues that truth is the fundamental epistemic end of education, and that critical thinking is of merely instrumental value with respect to ... More


Conversation and Deserved Blame

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This chapter is devoted to getting clear on what a desert thesis for blame might come to. A desert thesis for blame, it is argued, need not commit to the proposition that a wrongdoer must be harmed ... More


Value taxonomy

Wlodek Rabinowicz and Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in Handbook of Value: Perspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716600
eISBN:
9780191807572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The chapter presents main conceptual distinctions underlying much of modern philosophical thinking about value. The introductory section is followed by an outline of the contrast between ... More


Humean Approaches

Hazlett Allan

in A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674800
eISBN:
9780191761164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674800.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Humean” approaches to epistemic normativity, which explain epistemic normativity as a species of instrumental normativity, are articulated and criticized. A “teleological” conception of belief, on ... More


The instrumental values of education in the Southern Cone

Xavier Rambla

in Capability-Promoting Policies: Enhancing Individual and Social Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447334316
eISBN:
9781447334354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334316.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter considers whether public policies impinge on the values of education by focusing on the experience of three Southern Cone countries: Argentina, Brazil and Chile. It first provides an ... More


The Instrumental Value of Scientific Knowledge and Understanding and the Rationale for Space Science

James S.J. Schwartz

in The Value of Science in Space Exploration

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190069063
eISBN:
9780190069094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069063.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides a defense of the instrumental value of scientific knowledge and understanding as well as a defense of the use of public funds in support of scientific research, including space ... More


The Coercion Thesis and the Content Problem of Legal Normativity

Kenneth Einar Himma

in Coercion and the Nature of Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854937
eISBN:
9780191888984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854937.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Chapter 8 addresses the Content Problem of Legal Normativity, arguing that the content of the only first-order motivating reason to which the practices constituting something as a system of law are ... More


Of Absolute and Relative Worth

L. Nandi Theunissen

in The Value of Humanity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198832645
eISBN:
9780191871207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832645.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Theunissen explores Kant’s legacy. As she reads him, a crucial dimension of Kant’s view that human beings are absolutely valuable is that human beings are of value independently of the good they do ... More


The Sustainability Principle

Martin Peterson

in The Ethics of Technology: A Geometric Analysis of Five Moral Principles

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190652265
eISBN:
9780190652296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190652265.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The aim of this chapter is to render the Sustainability Principle more precise. To what extent can it be motivated by axiological claims about the moral value of sustainability? The position ... More


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