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Temptation Revisited

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter extends the accounts of valuing and of agential authority to puzzles about rational willpower in the face of temptation. It explores two approaches, one that focuses on the agential ... More


Rules and Their Reasons: Mill on Morality and Instrumental Rationality

Ben Eggleston

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter addresses the question of what role Mill regards rules as playing in the determination of morally permissible action by drawing on his remarks about instrumentally rational action. ... More


Rationality and Its Vicissitudes

Robert C. Solomon

in The Joy of Philosophy: Thinking Thin versus the Passionate Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165401
eISBN:
9780199870103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165403.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Rationality has been under attack. One of the reasons is its seeming denial or neglect of non‐Western cultures. There is also a strong pretense of rationality, evident, for instance, in the rejection ... More


The Vice of Procrastination

Sergio Tenenbaum

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of this chapter is to give a more precise characterization of the type of irrationality that is involved in procrastination. The chapter argues that in order to understand the irrationality ... More


Pragmatism and Moral Objectivity

Hilary Putnam

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Putnam engages with moral objectivity and the question of ethical truth in this paper, in which he combats the idea that there is no intellectual structure worth taking seriously to the arguments of ... More


Extended Action and Instrumental Rationality: The Structure of a Theory of Instrumental Rationality

Sergio Tenenbaum

in Rational Powers in Action: Instrumental Rationality and Extended Agency

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198851486
eISBN:
9780191886096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851486.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 1 presents the general structure of a theory of instrumental rationality, as well as laying down some of the main ideas and motivations for the extended theory of instrumental rationality ... More


The Rationality of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The central question of Chapter 5 is to which type of rationality natural theology (also called rational theology) should aspire. Many types of rationality are identified, and various notions of ... More


Realistic Standards for Decisions

Paul Weirich

in Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Decision theory is multidisciplinary. Philosophical decision theory formulates principles of rationality for decisions. Its principles treat primarily instrumental rationality and cover both ... More


Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Lorraine Code

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Arguing that ecological thinking can animate an epistemology capable of addressing feminist, multicultural, and other post-colonial concerns, this book critiques the instrumental rationality, ... More


ECONOMIC RATIONALITY

Paul. Weirich

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Weirich examines three competing views entertained by economic theory about the instrumental rationality of decisions: the first says to maximize self-interest, the second to maximize utility, and ... More


The limits of Hobbesian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Hobbesian contractualism or contractarianism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the influential version advanced by David Gauthier: morals by agreement. ... More


 Methodology 2: Religion and Secular, Sacred and Profane

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The circularity of the binary oppositions that frame religious studies and other rhetorical domains makes the construction of a relatively “freed” conceptual space problematic but necessary. This ... More


The Doctrines of Double and Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the Doctrine of Double Effect as well as the Doctrine of Triple Effect. It examines why a rational agent need not intend the means to his end and argues that when an ... More


Explaining European Identity

Paolo Bellucci, David Sanders, and Fabio Serricchio

in The Europeanization of National Polities?: Citizenship and Support in a Post-Enlargement Union

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602346
eISBN:
9780191739163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602346.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses individual and national differences in the intensity of European identity, and provides an assessment of the many factors that sustain or hinder the development of a European ... More


Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The author of this book is an ethical theorist working in philosophy today. She is known for her brand of analysis, largely in defense of a nonconsequentialist perspective—the view that some actions ... More


Introduction

John Brunero

in Instrumental Rationality: The Normativity of Means–Ends Coherence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198746935
eISBN:
9780191809149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746935.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter sets out the plan for the book, and provides an overview of each of the main chapters. It also looks to a well-known historical precursor to contemporary work on means–ends ... More


Developing Operational Measures of the Explanatory Variables

Corina Wagner, Markus Steinbrecher, and Hans Rattinger

in The Europeanization of National Polities?: Citizenship and Support in a Post-Enlargement Union

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602346
eISBN:
9780191739163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602346.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the main explanatory variables (and associated measures) that are employed in subsequent chapters as independent, control, or intervening variables. The chapter presents a ... More


Sino-Korean Relations

Feng Zhang

in Chinese Hegemony: Grand Strategy and International Institutions in East Asian History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804793896
eISBN:
9780804795043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804793896.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the strategic interaction dynamics between early Ming China and Korea to evaluate the main theoretical claims advanced in Chapter 2. It argues that the Chinese strategy was ... More


The Scope of Instrumental Reason

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores a number of topics in moral philosophy for which both wide- and narrow-scope accounts are possible, including instrumental rationality, non-akrasia, epistemic closure, and ... More


Definitions of Rationality in Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and Lay Discourse

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Because rationality is an issue across many disciplines, it has acquired many different definitions. This chapter describes definitions of rationality from cognitive science that are amenable to a ... More


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