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Human Subject Protections in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Institutional review board (IRB) review is required for all federally funded research involving human subjects regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, or performed at an institution that ... More


The Institutional Review Board

Robert J. Levine

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the committees responsible for reviewing proposals to conduct research involving humans as subjects to determine whether they include adequate safeguards of the rights and ... More


Protecting Human Subjects in Research

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses some problems with the current U.S. system for protecting human research subjects. These problems indicate that in some ways the regulations provide too much oversight, in ... More


Ethics and Epidemiology

Steven S. Coughlin, Tom L. Beauchamp, and Douglas L. Weed (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the ten years since the first edition of this book was published, there have been many important ethical developments in epidemiology and related fields in public health and medicine. These ... More


Human Subjects

Dean O. Smith

in Managing the Research University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793259
eISBN:
9780199896813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

In most developed countries, current standards for the responsible conduct of research with human subjects derive from the Nuremberg Code. It has been amplified in the Belmont Report, which is the ... More


Protecting Human Subjects

Ann Nichols-Casebolt

in Research Integrity and Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195378108
eISBN:
9780199932634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378108.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The protection of human subjects in research, the regulations that govern the use of human subjects, and the role of the IRB in carrying out those regulations have been the subject of much discussion ... More


Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Laura Stark

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Although the subject of federally mandated institutional review boards (IRBs) has been extensively debated, we do not know much about what takes place when they convene. The story of how IRBs work ... More


Regulation of Trials

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter begins with a chronology of requirements/guidelines pursuant to research on human beings, with emphasis on clinical trials. It then describes institutional review boards (IRBs) and IRB ... More


Execution of Population-Based Survey Experiments

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter aims to eliminate the need for others to learn by trial and error. The practical issues addressed here range from the process of explaining a population-based experiment to the ... More


Healthcare Research: Can Patients Trust Physician Scientists?

Greg Koski

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Medical research, and specifically clinical trial research on human subjects, is necessary to make advances in medicine. Such research depends on high levels of trust between the subjects and the ... More


Research Administration: Creating Essential Infrastructure

Ruth G. McRoy, Jerry P. Flanzer, and Joan Levy Zlotnik

in Building Research Culture and Infrastructure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195399646
eISBN:
9780199932757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399646.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter explains the role of research administrators in providing leadership and expertise in supporting faculty grant applicants by addressing all the administrative aspects of the pre and post ... More


Philosophical Implications and Practical Steps

Henry S. Richardson

in Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388930
eISBN:
9780199979196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388930.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Summing up the book, this chapter reviews the argument, notes the novelty of the partial-entrustment model and, looking forward, sets out practical steps that can be recommended even without ... More


Child-Centered Inquiry: A Chronicle

Cindy Dell Clark

in In A Younger Voice: Doing Child-Centered Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195376593
eISBN:
9780199865437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376593.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Child-centered inquiry has been influenced by a variety of sources. A central notion is that children should be studied as social actors in their own right. This idea was especially propelled by the ... More


Grounded Theory in Social Work Research: Problems and Promise

Julianne S. Oktay

in Grounded Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199753697
eISBN:
9780199932627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753697.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter addresses how grounded theory is affected by a variety of recent developments in social work research. These include a discussion of why it is sometimes difficult to conduct a grounded ... More


IRB Licensing

Philip Hamburger

in Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168809
eISBN:
9780231538794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168809.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines conflicting norms in the government's licensing of speech and the press on “human-subjects research” through institutional review boards (IRBs). It begins by discussing ... More


ocal Precedents

Laura Stark

in Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the importance of local precedents in the decision making process of institutional review boards (IRBs) based on a survey of the chairman of IRBs in major research universities ... More


IRB Challenges in Community-Based Participatory Research on Human Exposure to Environmental Toxics: A Case Study

Phil Brown, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Julia Green Brody, Rebecca Gasior Altman, Ruthann A. Rudel, Laura Senier, Carla Pérez, and Ruth Simpson

in Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520270206
eISBN:
9780520950429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270206.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter outlines the challenges of obtaining institutional review board (IRB) coverage for community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects. Community-based participatory research focuses ... More


Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

I. Glenn Cohen and Holly Fernandez Lynch (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The current framework for the regulation of human subjects research emerged largely in reaction to the horrors of Nazi human experimentation, revealed at the Nuremburg trials, and the Tuskegee ... More


Introduction

Laura Stark

in Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the role of institutional review boards (IRBs) in designing the U.S. government rules for the treatment of human subjects ... More


Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?

Akeel Bilgrami and Jonathan Cole (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168809
eISBN:
9780231538794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168809.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book discusses the conceptual issues surrounding the idea of freedom of inquiry and scrutinizes a variety of obstacles to such inquiry encountered in personal and professional experiences. This ... More


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