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Distributive Justice

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter grapples with the most controversial topic in the discourse of human rights: distributive justice. The chief questions to be addressed are (1) whether a justice‐based international legal ... More


Pension Design: The Options

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter sets out the wide range of options for pension design – funded or Pay‐As‐You‐Go, public or private, defined‐contribution or defined‐benefit – drawing on economic theory, the experience ... More


The Challenges of Business Leadership: CEOs and the Case of the Business Council of Australia  

Stephen Bell

in Dispersed Democratic Leadership: Origins, Dynamics, and Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199562992
eISBN:
9780191701856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562992.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Business leaders are assumed to play an important role in the national leadership of liberal democracies, an idea supported by major political theories. Pluralists have focused on the often ... More


Complexity, Capacity, and Collective Decisions

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter introduces the three hypotheses that are tested in this book. Each hypothesis argues that lawmakers can process information more completely under a given set of circumstances and that ... More


Duties to Prevent, Investigate, and Redress Human Rights Violations by Private Military and Security Companies: The Role of the Host State

Christine Bakker

in War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199604555
eISBN:
9780191725180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the positive human rights obligations of the host states of private military and security companies (PMSCs). It considers the duties to prevent violations; to investigate them ... More


Institutional Capacity in the American States

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at budgeting across the fifty US states. It focuses on legislative professionalism—the amount of time lawmakers spend in session, the level of compensation lawmakers receive for ... More


Barriers to Service Provision: lessons learned from donor-supported early childhood development projects

Mary E. Young

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Benefits of interventions to improve the development of young children (ages 0–6 years) are well-known. Despite an increased global awareness of the importance of early childhood development (ECD), ... More


Instabilities in Federal Policy Making

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter documents policy punctuations evident in the US federal budget. It develops a methodology for sorting programmatic areas of the US budget based on the complexity of underlying issues. ... More


Neuroscience and Ideology: Why Science Can Never Supply a Complete Answer for Adolescent Immaturity

June Carbone

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

For those who study adolescent development and the transition to adulthood, the lure of innovations in neuroscience is considerable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) and CT scans offer the illusion ... More


The Structure of Policy Change

Derek A. Epp

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book explores how public policies change over time. Its central argument is that when lawmakers can process information more comprehensively, then they can react more smoothly to environmental ... More


Designing Responsive Institutions

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter concludes the book by summarizing the key findings: issue complexity, institutional capacity, and decision-making procedures all have a major effect on the ability of institutions to ... More


Exploring the impacts of Area-Based Initiatives through a neo-institutionalist perspective

Rene Peter Hohmann

in Regenerating deprived urban areas: A cross national analysis of area-based initiatives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447310785
eISBN:
9781447310808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310785.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The chapter provides the analytical framework for this cross-national comparison. Applying a neo-institutional lens, the Institutional Capacity Building Framework is presented to analyse and compare ... More


Human Capital, Social Capital, and Institutional Capacity

Steve Rayner

in Linkages of Sustainability

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013581
eISBN:
9780262258845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter elaborates the concepts of human capital, social capital, and institutional capacity in relation to environmental impact, economic development, and sustainable resource use. It also ... More


The Role of the Legislature

Aruna Sathanapally

in Beyond Disagreement: Open Remedies in Human Rights Adjudication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199669301
eISBN:
9780191744648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669301.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Chapter 2 examines what role the legislature might play relative to the courts when open remedies are employed, and prepares the ground for the analysis of the interaction between courts and ... More


Chinese and Russian Economies Since Reforms: Transformational Recession in Russia and Acceleration of Growth in China

Vladimir Popov

in Mixed Fortunes: An Economic History of China, Russia, and the West

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198703631
eISBN:
9780191772849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703631.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Various explanations of the transformational recession are discussed and an alternative explanation is suggested: the collapse of output was caused primarily by several groups of factors, all of ... More


Extending the Theoretical Argument: The Philippines and Vietnam

in The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770835
eISBN:
9780804781794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770835.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, which compares equitable development in the Philippines and Vietnam, examines how the Philippines has historically been plagued by weak institutions that have denied it the potential ... More


The FDCA as the Test for Truth of Promotional Claims

Christopher Robertson

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Physicians often prescribe drugs and devices for “off-label” uses not reviewed or approved by the FDA, but the makers of those products are not allowed to promote those uses, as that would evince an ... More


Why Did the West Become Rich First? Why Are Some Developing Countries Catching Up, But Others Are Not?

Vladimir Popov

in Mixed Fortunes: An Economic History of China, Russia, and the West

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198703631
eISBN:
9780191772849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703631.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The West exited the Malthusian trap by eliminating collectivist institutions. This led to an increase in inequalities, savings, and investment, but was associated with dramatic social costs in the ... More


Chinese and Russian Economies Under Central Planning: Why the Difference in Outcomes?

Vladimir Popov

in Mixed Fortunes: An Economic History of China, Russia, and the West

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198703631
eISBN:
9780191772849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703631.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The socialist experiment of the twentieth century in these two countries was a reaction to the inequalities and social tensions created by the preceding Westernization. It led to a decrease in wealth ... More


The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia

Erik Kuhonta

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770835
eISBN:
9780804781794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770835.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why do some countries in the developing world achieve growth with equity, while others do not? If democracy is the supposed panacea for the developing world, why have Southeast Asian democracies had ... More


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