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Temporal Predication and Supervenience Failure

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

An account of temporal supervenience requires an account of temporal predication: a semantic account of the language in which facts about ordinary time are stated. For the detenser, the problem of ... More


Some Formal Ontological Relations

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a formal ontological relation is introduced and illustrated. Distinctions are drawn between various types of ontological dependence relations. The hierarchical character of systems of ... More


Properties, Modes, and Universals

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between properties and predicates, and how best to draw the distinction between universals and particulars are discussed. The notion that properties are most aptly characterized as ... More


INTERPRETATION OF PROBABILITY: VARIOUS NUANCES

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Apart from formal operations, the interpretation of probability must be considered to use probability for statistical induction. The objective interpretation relates probability to long-term relative ... More


Major Subclasses

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Despite being polar opposites conceptually, the two most fundamental grammatical classes—noun and verb—show extensive parallelism. One similarity is that both divide into two major subclasses: count ... More


Grounding

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Grounding is the grammaticized means of relating the thing profiled by a nominal, or the process profiled by a finite clause, to the ground (the speech event and its participants). As narrowly ... More


Heads, Arguments, and Adjuncts

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter offers an analysis of heads, arguments and adjuncts in terms of the symbolic relation between the syntactic unit and the semantic structure of the construction. The various syntactic ... More


One is the Loneliest Number

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter investigates the properties of the Modern Hebrew (henceforth Hebrew) singular in its different indefinite and definite instantiations. It is here that much of this variation is best ... More


Motion

Jan Westerhoff

in Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka: A Philosophical Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375213
eISBN:
9780199871360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375213.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter deals with Nāgārjuna’s arguments concerning motion. Nāgārjuna’s two main arguments against motion (the property-absence argument and the property-duplication argument) are analyzed. The ... More


The Concept of Instantiation

Colin McGinn

in Truth by Analysis: Games, Names, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856145
eISBN:
9780199919567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856145.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines whether there are other essential truths about instantiation that can be extracted by analysis. It wants to know, that is, whether this most primitive of primitives can be ... More


The Objective Epistemic Probabilist and the Severe Tester

Deborah G. Mayo

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

While this chapter and Achinstein agree that an account of evidence should be objective, not subjective, and empirical, not a priori, Achinstein has argued that we may reach conflicting assessments ... More


Verb Movement in Romance: A Comparative Study

Norma Schifano

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198804642
eISBN:
9780191842863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804642.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book provides a detailed account of verb movement across more than twenty standard and non-standard Romance varieties. It examines the position of the verb with respect to a wide selection of ... More


Cause/induced motion: intention/spontaneous motion

David Premack

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins the discussion by defining object and event, since both are presupposed by the concepts of cause and intention. While an object is an item that is extended in time and space, and ... More


The Sources of Entrenchment

FREDERICK SCHAUER

in Playing by the Rules: A Philosophical Examination of Rule-Based Decision-Making in Law and in Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258315
eISBN:
9780191681844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258315.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues that if the force of rules lie in the phenomenon of entrenchment generalization then it becomes necessary to locate the sources of entrenchment. It analyses the relationship among ... More


Existential Moments

Peter Poellner

in The Moment: Time and Rupture in Modern Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239567
eISBN:
9781846314179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239567.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents a reflection by Peter Poellner regarding the valorization of the moment in the perspectives of Nietzsche, Husserl and Heidegger. The reflection talks about Nietzsche's take on ... More


Structural Correspondence

Nicholas Shea

in Representation in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198812883
eISBN:
9780191850677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812883.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Structural correspondence is the other exploitable relation that figures in our case studies. It is found in the cognitive map realized by place cells in the hippocampus. When an exploitable ... More


Parallel Nominal and Verbal Projections

Karine Megerdoomian

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines the correlation between the noun phrase and the verb phrase by focusing on the morphological and semantic properties of Case and agreement in a number of languages including ... More


The Working of Art

Jeff Malpas

in Heidegger and the Thinking of Place: Explorations in the Topology of Being

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016841
eISBN:
9780262304139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016841.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter elaborates on the relationship between an artwork and its “medium”—a relation of “working through.” For the most part, however, rather than leading to an investigation of the way in ... More


Identifying the Problem of Personal Identity

Ned Markosian

in Time and Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014090
eISBN:
9780262265799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014090.003.0101
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter has two main aims: to propose a new way of characterizing the problem of personal identity and to show that the metaphysical picture that underlies the author’s proposal has important ... More


Grounding Word Learning in Space and Time

Larissa K. Samuelson and Christian Faubel

in Dynamic Thinking: A Primer on Dynamic Field Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199300563
eISBN:
9780190299026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300563.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter applies dynamic field theory to word learning. The use of one-dimensional neural fields to represent labels and the combination of these with a feature dimension are introduced. These ... More


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