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Better Choices to Reduce Poverty

Sendhil Mullainathan

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A growing number of researchers are studying how to integrate psychological insights into economic reasoning. In this perspective, people sometimes make bad choices, ones that they themselves would ... More


How Do We Know Necessary Truths?

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a general framework for properly understanding Kant's famous modal-epistemological slogan, ‘reason has insight only into what it self-produces according to its own design,’ in ... More


Exposing the Magic of Design: A Practitioner’s Guide to the Methods and Theory of Synthesis

Jon Kolko

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744336
eISBN:
9780199894710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744336.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Human-Technology Interaction

As the world deals with increasing complexity—in issues of sustainability, finance, culture, and technology—business and governments are searching for a form of problem solving that can deal with the ... More


Art as Aesthetic Creation

Nick Zangwill

in Aesthetic Creation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261871
eISBN:
9780191718670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261871.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter articulates and defends the view that a work of art is the intentional product of aesthetic creative thought. The view, roughly, is that someone has an insight into an ... More


The Promise—and Limits—of Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Restraint, ‘The Enemy’, and the Problem of Incompatible Communities

Toni Erskine

in Embedded Cosmopolitanism: Duties to Strangers and Enemies in a World of 'Dislocated Communities'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264379
eISBN:
9780191734410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264379.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the promise and limits of an embedded cosmopolitanism position by placing it in the context of war. This is where popular particularist appeals to care and consensus have ... More


Connecting with Wit and Words

Richard Crouter

in Reinhold Niebuhr: On Politics, Religion, and Christian Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195379679
eISBN:
9780199869169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379679.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 4 of this book argues that Niebuhr as writer and rhetorician draws from literature as much as from history. His gifts honed as preacher yield memorable phrases and ideas that draw from a deep ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Reasoning

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses a number of potentially dynamical findings in high-level cognition. It is noted that some of the tension between symbolic approaches and dynamic approaches might be ... More


Singing a New Song

Gordon Graham

in The Re-enchantment of the World: Art versus Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199265961
eISBN:
9780191708756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265961.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Music has a long affinity with religious worship. This chapter examines the extent to which music might be expected to be a medium of spiritual insight or reflection in its own right. It argues that ... More


Georges de La Tour and the Enigma of the Visible

Dalia Judovitz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780823277438
eISBN:
9780823280551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823277438.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Art Theory and Criticism

Celebrated due to the aura of mystery attached to his rediscovered works in the twentieth century, Georges de La Tour’s paintings continue to be an object of scholarly interest and public ... More


Should we Let Citizens Decide?

Patrick Fournier, Henk van der Kolk, R. Kenneth Carty, André Blais, and Jonathan Rose

in When Citizens Decide: Lessons from Citizen Assemblies on Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567843
eISBN:
9780191728655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567843.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Many democratic ideals assume capable participants and fair decision-making. But are citizens politically competent? Do they make wise decisions, or are they likely to pursue impractical or misguided ... More


Frege on Sense and Linguistic Meaning (1990)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

While Frege's notion of sense fathered contemporary notions of linguistic meaning, key elements in Frege's conceptions have disappeared from view. Some of these elements are those brought out in ... More


Methods for Creating Empathy and Insight

Jon Kolko

in Exposing the Magic of Design: A Practitioner’s Guide to the Methods and Theory of Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744336
eISBN:
9780199894710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744336.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explains powerful synthesis methods for driving empathy and qualities of feeling—for relating not onlt to what other people may know, but also what they might feel about a particular ... More


Walking Whales and Singing Flies: An Evolution Exhibit and Assessment of Its Impact

Judy Diamond, E. Margaret Evans, and Amy N. Spiegel

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes Explore Evolution, an influential exhibit developed for university museums in Kansas, Michigan, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas with support from the National Science Foundation. ... More


The Misfortunes of Virtue *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The topic of virtue was not neglected in modern moral philosophy, as some commentators think. But modern philosophers understood virtue in an un-Aristotelian manner, as the habit of obeying the law — ... More


Aesthetics and Theological Insight

Philip Tallon

in The Poetics of Evil: Toward an Aesthetic Theodicy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778935
eISBN:
9780199919109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778935.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines some additional barriers to the fruitful use of aesthetics in theodicy: those arising from unhelpful ways of understanding aesthetics. After arguing against some prevalent ... More


Recent Trends in International Business

Mark Casson

in Enterprise and Competitiveness: A Systems View of International Business

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289579
eISBN:
9780191684746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289579.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The conventional economic theory can thoroughly explain the growth of horizontally integrated multinational companies during the 1950s and the 1960s. However, this theory is not rich enough to ... More


Inconsistent and Unactionable Advice

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes and reviews some inconsistent and unactionable advice from Stephen Covey's Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. It also looks at developing effective groups and meetings ... More


Conclusions

Alan Roulstone and Colin Barnes

in Working futures?: Disabled people, policy and social inclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346261
eISBN:
9781447304333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346261.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter reflects on some of the key policy insights to flow from this book. It notes that these empirical and theoretical insights have provided a detailed appraisal of a range of key disability ... More


Protecting the Transnational Commons

Robert Dorfman

in The Economics of Transnational Commons

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292203
eISBN:
9780191684883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292203.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter states that the problem of protecting the transnational commons is less a natural scientific problem of understanding the physical and biological processes that disrupt the environment, ... More


Generating ‘insight’ and building segmentations – moving beyond simple targeting

Dominic McVey and Lynne Walsh

in Social Marketing and Public Health: Theory and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550692
eISBN:
9780191720413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550692.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores one of the most important theoretical principles of social marketing: the rationale and importance of segmenting target audiences and how this can be done. It introduces the ... More


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