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Better Living through Biology: Not Killing the Good Insects by Accident

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

The monarch butterfly attracted attention as a target of biotechnology risks because it is showy. But what about more obscure but beneficial insects? Would they be harmed by transgenic plants? After ... More


Green and Greener: Environmentalism, Agriculture, and GM Plants

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Ironic in many ways is the opposition that environmental activists have shown toward transgenic crops. They oppose biotechnology in general: today’s transgenic plants that have indirect environmental ... More


Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Venoms from scorpions, spiders, centipedes, ants, wasps, and bees can be very poisonous, or induce serious allergic reactions. Blood sucking mites, ticks, lice, bed bugs, kissing bugs, sand flies, ... More


Wanted: Dead or Dead

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Many people are afraid of pesticides, but these chemicals can be used with safety and effectiveness to help control many kinds of biting and stinging pests. The use of insecticides has changed a ... More


Putting It All Together

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Industry, universities, and government continue to do research on better ways to solve pest problems. Speculating about a better future, we can expect to see better spatial repellents, pesticides ... More


Epilogue Risk, Benefit, and Uncertainty

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines neonicotinoids, synthesized compounds from nicotine and related insecticidal compounds. Agricultural usage of neonicitinoids exploded when the EPA cancelled the registrations of ... More


Solute Transport and Crop Growth Models in the Field

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

In this chapter we deal with vegetation growing in the field. This introduces new and challenging questions of scale and heterogeneity, in time and space, of the ... More


Harvesting the Future

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

For most of two centuries, the United States was a nation of small farms and many farmers, raising much of their own food along with one or more cash crops and ... More


Respect for Life

Douglas Allchin

in Sacred Bovines: The Ironies of Misplaced Assumptions in Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190490362
eISBN:
9780197559659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490362.003.0035
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

“Respect for life” is a rallying cry among many animal rights activists. They target the use of animals in research, the wearing of fur coats, the hunting ... More


Rejecting Gifts

David Ehrenfeld

in Swimming Lessons: Keeping Afloat in the Age of Technology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148527
eISBN:
9780197561867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148527.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

A long-remembered scene repeated many times: I am about sixteen; it is 5:45 P.M. and we are at the dinner table, with my mother at one end, my father at ... More


Pesticide Resistance

John A. McKenzie

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0034
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Biological control, sterile insect release, autocidal control and genetically modified crops have made, and will continue to make, important contributions ... More


Variation in Pesticide Tolerance

Christine M. Bridges and Raymond D. Semlitsch

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

A growing body of evidence suggests that a number of amphibian populations have declined in recent years. The cause of these population declines has been difficult to establish because in some ... More


DDT and Environmental Toxicology

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines the different harmful effects of DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) to different species in the environment. At the beginning of World War II, economic entomologists ... More


Rereading Silent Spring

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, a bestseller which alerted Americans to the hazards of insecticides. Carson's prose revealed hazards found with the indiscriminate use of DDT and ... More


Pesticides and Toxicology after the DDT Ban

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the use of different pesticides after the banning of DDT in 1972. Based on the message from Silent Spring, many Americans considered DDT as the most harmful insecticide due to ... More


Roads Taken

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter highlights lessons learned from a hundred years of risk assessment from pesticides. As the scale of agriculture developed to industrial proportions, farmers increasingly relied on ... More


Ecological Rifts and Shifts: The Accumulation of Catastrophe

Hannah Holleman

in Dust Bowls of Empire: Imperialism, Environmental Politics, and the Injustice of "Green" Capitalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300230208
eISBN:
9780300240887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230208.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that the Dust Bowl is a perfect example of the accumulation of catastrophe, the result of decision makers shifting ecological problems down the line and denying the nature of the ... More


Introduction

in The Fire Ant Wars: Nature, Science, and Public Policy in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226079813
eISBN:
9780226079844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079844.003.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This book provides a glimpse of nature and the ways in which Americans have been changed by it. This relationship is examined here using the story of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta. ... More


: Fire Ants, from Savage to Invincible, 1957–1972

in The Fire Ant Wars: Nature, Science, and Public Policy in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226079813
eISBN:
9780226079844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079844.003.0004
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter highlights the severity of problems that the red fire ant caused and the opinions that clustered around the belief that the ant was a pest to be dealt with. This chapter also explains ... More


Turfgrass-Associated Arthropods and Near Relatives

Patricia J. Vittum

in Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501747953
eISBN:
9781501747977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter highlights turfgrass-associated arthropods and near relatives. Some arthropods cause no injury to turfgrass but are present in the turfgrass ecosystem for a variety of reasons. Some are ... More


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