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Integrating Macroeconomic Models with Income Distribution Models

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Income distribution models can be incorporated in all kinds of data-based economic macro-models. This chapter shows how this may be accomplished in long- and short-term econometric models. An ... More


Linear optical amplifiers*

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins by specializing the general definition of optical amplifiers to a special class of linear amplifiers that includes all those in common use. Amplifiers are divided into the ... More


Capital and Time: A Neo-Austrian Theory

J. R. Hicks

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198772866
eISBN:
9780191596414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198772866.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This book, first published in 1973, takes up an important approach to capital which had gone out of fashion. There has been some recent renewed interest in this approach. The ‘Austrian’ theory of ... More


Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Michio Morishima

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book brings together papers that were published by the author in several journals, and which have been revised and contain some new material. The main model carried through the whole book is ... More


Input–Output Analysis: The Concept of Production Function in Education

Saumen Chattopadhyay

in Education and Economics: Disciplinary Evolution and Policy Discourse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082255
eISBN:
9780199082070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082255.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter probes deeper into the meaning of an educational production function. It is argued that an educational institution is not similar to any other manufacturing unit or a factory as portrayed ... More


Leontief's Input‐Output

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the second of six chapters on the logic of price, and reviews the characteristics of Leontief's input–output method. The six sections of the chapter are: Quesnay's tableau économique; the ... More


Inputs, Outputs, and Costs

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines simple production processes with only two inputs and one output. It describes methods for solving a cost minimization problem or finding the cheapest combination of inputs that ... More


Opportunity Models

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the first of six chapters on the logic of price. Choice presupposes opportunity, and this chapter gives some account of that side of economic models. The four sections of the chapter are: the ... More


Learning and Switching of Internal Models for Dexterous Tool Use

Hiroshi Imamizu

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Internal models are neural mechanisms that mimic the input-output properties of controlled objects, possibly enabling skillful control of our bodies and external tools. This chapter reviews a series ... More


An Integrated BEA/BLS Production Account: A First Step and Theoretical Considerations

Barbara M. Fraumeni, Michael J. Harper, Susan G. Powers, and Robert E. Yuskavage (eds)

in A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226410845
eISBN:
9780226410876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226410876.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the similarities and differences between output measures produced by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It describes framework for the ... More


Optimal Programming

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the first of five chapters on optimal programming (the typical mathematics of economics) and related issues as related to choice making. It introduces the general ideas of optimal programming ... More


Debating democracy in the EU

Mette Elise Jolly

in The European Union and the People

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213078
eISBN:
9780191707155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213078.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter opens with a review of the literature on democracy in the European Union. The most commonly raised ‘deficits’ are discussed, including the argument that the EU lacks accountability, the ... More


The state of the art in electronic digital computing in Britain and the United States (1947)

Harry D. Huskey

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0024
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents a report by Harry D. Huskey. Huskey came to the NPL ACE Section in January 1947 from the United States, where he had been involved with the ENIAC and its projected successor, ... More


How to Construct Predictive Models: Simplicity and Nonabsurdity

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Predictive models should be as simple as one can get away with, and they must not predict absurdities. They join the parsimony of “Occam's razor” to the “Sherlock Holmes principle”: Show how things ... More


Comparative Static Analysis of the Simplest Input‐Output System

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses formal similarities between the exchange equilibrium under weak gross substitutability and the static input–output system as represented by various Leontief‐type models. By ... More


An Alternative Dynamic System With a Spectrum of Techniques

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter and the previous one are companion chapters dealing with a mixture of the dynamic Leontief system and the Walrasian model of capital formation. However, they assume different types of ... More


Spillover, Linkages, and Productivity Growth in the US Economy, 1958 to 2007

Edward Wolff

in Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646685
eISBN:
9780191748998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646685.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter speculates that technological spillover effects may have become more important over time as information technology (IT) penetrated the US economy. The rationale is that IT may speed up ... More


Influences on Ecosystem Function IV: Nitrogen Biogeochemistry

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ungulate grazing, primarily by elk and bison, accelerates nitrogen cycling within the northern-range system by consumption, digestion, excretion, and subsequent mineralization. Ungulate use does not ... More


The Years of High Theory: II

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279142
eISBN:
9780191602887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279144.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the reaction of the Neoclassical School to the criticism levied against it in the inter-war period. Emphasizes the developments of general equilibrium theory and the birth of the new ... More


A Dynamic Leontief System With Neo‐Classical Production Functions

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapters 3 and the following one are companion chapters dealing with a mixture of the dynamic Leontief system and the Walrasian model of capital formation. However, they assume different types of ... More


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