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Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Michio Morishima

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book brings together papers that were published by the author in several journals, and which have been revised and contain some new material. The main model carried through the whole book is ... More


Debating democracy in the EU

Mette Elise Jolly

in The European Union and the People

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213078
eISBN:
9780191707155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213078.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter opens with a review of the literature on democracy in the European Union. The most commonly raised ‘deficits’ are discussed, including the argument that the EU lacks accountability, the ... More


Integrating Macroeconomic Models with Income Distribution Models

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Income distribution models can be incorporated in all kinds of data-based economic macro-models. This chapter shows how this may be accomplished in long- and short-term econometric models. An ... More


Learning and Switching of Internal Models for Dexterous Tool Use

Hiroshi Imamizu

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Internal models are neural mechanisms that mimic the input-output properties of controlled objects, possibly enabling skillful control of our bodies and external tools. This chapter reviews a series ... More


Leontief's Input‐Output

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the second of six chapters on the logic of price, and reviews the characteristics of Leontief's input–output method. The six sections of the chapter are: Quesnay's tableau économique; the ... More


Comparative Static Analysis of the Simplest Input‐Output System

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses formal similarities between the exchange equilibrium under weak gross substitutability and the static input–output system as represented by various Leontief‐type models. By ... More


A Dynamic Leontief System With Neo‐Classical Production Functions

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapters 3 and the following one are companion chapters dealing with a mixture of the dynamic Leontief system and the Walrasian model of capital formation. However, they assume different types of ... More


An Alternative Dynamic System With a Spectrum of Techniques

Michio Morishima

in Equilibrium, Stability and Growth: A Multi-Sectoral Analysis

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281450
eISBN:
9780191596650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281455.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter and the previous one are companion chapters dealing with a mixture of the dynamic Leontief system and the Walrasian model of capital formation. However, they assume different types of ... More


Influences on Ecosystem Function IV: Nitrogen Biogeochemistry

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ungulate grazing, primarily by elk and bison, accelerates nitrogen cycling within the northern-range system by consumption, digestion, excretion, and subsequent mineralization. Ungulate use does not ... More


The Impact of Services Regulation

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter illustrates how regulation in services affected the performance of other sectors in the economy through input-output linkages. The analysis compares the performance of twenty-four ... More


Opportunity Models

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the first of six chapters on the logic of price. Choice presupposes opportunity, and this chapter gives some account of that side of economic models. The four sections of the chapter are: the ... More


Optimal Programming

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the first of five chapters on optimal programming (the typical mathematics of economics) and related issues as related to choice making. It introduces the general ideas of optimal programming ... More


Linear optical amplifiers*

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins by specializing the general definition of optical amplifiers to a special class of linear amplifiers that includes all those in common use. Amplifiers are divided into the ... More


Profit and Loss Account

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The profit and loss account is a flow report which summarises the results of operations for a given period of time. The purpose of analysing the profit and loss account is to know the earning ... More


Inputs, Outputs, and Costs

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines simple production processes with only two inputs and one output. It describes methods for solving a cost minimization problem or finding the cheapest combination of inputs that ... More


The Years of High Theory: II

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279142
eISBN:
9780191602887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279144.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the reaction of the Neoclassical School to the criticism levied against it in the inter-war period. Emphasizes the developments of general equilibrium theory and the birth of the new ... More


Spillover, Linkages, and Productivity Growth in the US Economy, 1958 to 2007

Edward Wolff

in Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646685
eISBN:
9780191748998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646685.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter speculates that technological spillover effects may have become more important over time as information technology (IT) penetrated the US economy. The rationale is that IT may speed up ... More


Education and Economics: An Introduction

Saumen Chattopadhyay

in Education and Economics: Disciplinary Evolution and Policy Discourse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082255
eISBN:
9780199082070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082255.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter delineates the broad contours of the book, beginning with a theoretical overview of the human capital theory, the endogenous growth theory, and the input–output analysis. A critique of ... More


Input–Output Analysis: The Concept of Production Function in Education

Saumen Chattopadhyay

in Education and Economics: Disciplinary Evolution and Policy Discourse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082255
eISBN:
9780199082070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082255.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter probes deeper into the meaning of an educational production function. It is argued that an educational institution is not similar to any other manufacturing unit or a factory as portrayed ... More


Dendritic integration

Nelson Spruston, Greg Stuart, and Michael Häusser

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The essence of neuronal function is to generate outputs, usually in the form of action potentials, in response to inputs, in the form of synaptic potentials. The morphology and membrane properties of ... More


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