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Health, Housing, and Wider Dimensions

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

in Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Considers indicators of health, housing and homelessness, functional illiteracy and innumeracy, access to essential services, financial precariousness, and social participation. These are all ... More


Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Social indicators are an important tool for evaluating a country's level of social development and for assessing the impact of policy. Such indicators are already in use in investigating poverty and ... More


Reading Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explains how literacy problems complicate the process involved in making informed decisions. Many people are unable to read many disclosures because they are not literate or numerate ... More


Designing Risk Communication in Health

Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explores how the representation of statistical information affects the understanding of risks and uncertainties in medical contexts. Using mammography screening as a prime example, it is ... More


Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Ellen Peters

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Innumeracy in the Wild explains how numeric ability supports the quality of the decisions we make and, ultimately, the life outcomes we experience. It dissects three ways that people can be good or ... More


In the year 2054: innumeracy defeated

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a panel discussion, ‘How the war against innumeracy was won’. The discussion is chaired by Professor Emile Ecu, an economist at the Sorbonne, Paris. The Great Hall at the ... More


The Types and Extent of Innumeracy

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “The Types and Extent of Innumeracy,” briefly describes three kinds of numeric competency. First, people can score high or low on tests of their understanding and use of mathematical ... More


Innumeracy, Incomprehension, and Inconsistency

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Innumeracy, Incomprehension, and Inconsistency,” is the first of three chapters focused on how the less objectively numerate make worse decisions when numbers are involved. The chapter ... More


Reliance on Heuristics and Concrete, Easy-to-Evaluate Attributes

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Reliance on Heuristics and Concrete, Easy-to-Evaluate Attributes,” focuses on how the less objectively numerate rely on simpler, one-attribute decision making more than the highly ... More


Feelings and Frames

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Feelings and Frames,” reviews research indicating that the less objectively numerate get carried away more by emotion, and they are more affected by how information is framed. In ... More


How many gun owners?

Mark R. Joslyn

in The Gun Gap

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190064822
eISBN:
9780190064860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190064822.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 6 examines survey respondents’ estimations of the actual number of people who own guns in the United States. Evidence from the surveys shows that most people overestimate the gun owner ... More


Evidence-Based Information Presentation Matters

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Evidence-Based Information Presentation Matters,” introduces the problem: poorly presented numbers, widespread innumeracy, and barriers introduced by the communicators themselves. ... More


Reflections on Numeracy and the Power of Reasoning Numerically

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Reflections on Numeracy and the Power of Reasoning Numerically,” looks back at what you have learned in this book. Innumeracy presents major challenges to people due to the ubiquity of ... More


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