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Diffusion of Innovations

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews diffusion of innovations theory which has been the theory that has used network principles and perspectives most extensively. An introduction to the theory and a review of its ... More


Distributive Justice and the Diffusion of Innovations

Allen Buchanan

in Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587810
eISBN:
9780191728761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587810.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter continues the exploration of justice issues, focusing on the problem of inadequate diffusion—the worry that valuable biomedical enhancements may not be available or may only be available ... More


Understanding Body-Worn Camera Adoption: Past, Present, and Future

Michael D. White and Aili Malm

in Cops, Cameras, and Crisis: The Potential and the Perils of Police Body-Worn Cameras

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479820177
eISBN:
9781479865864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479820177.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In this chapter, the authors examine the past, present, and future of police BWCs. The spread of BWCs in policing has been extraordinary, especially given the cost and degree of difficulty in ... More


A Brief History of Social Learning Research

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a brief historical background to social learning research. The history of research into social learning and imitation dates back to Aristotle, who explicitly made the claim that ... More


Introduction

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

in Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter introduces the idea of hot spots policing by tracing its origins to two key studies in the development of modern police strategies. In 1974, the Kansas City Preventive ... More


Diffusion Shortfall in Free Innovation

Eric von Hippel

in Free Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035217
eISBN:
9780262335461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035217.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter identifies an important inbuilt difference between the two paradigms with respect to innovation diffusion. The difference springs from the fact that, unlike producers, free innovators do ... More


Pass it on

Catherine J. Frieman

in An archaeology of innovation: Approaching social and technological change in human society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781526132642
eISBN:
9781526161109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526132659.00012
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter askes how innovations spread – both over space and through time. It attempts to bridge the distance between the individual-scale sharing of knowledge or skills and the regional scale ... More


Social Learning, Economic Inequality, and Innovation Diffusion

Anne Kandler and James Steele

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes variation in diffusion and rates of cultural change. It addresses the possible role of social-influence processes and of economic inequalities in identifying the rate of growth ... More


Network Interventions

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how network data can be used to accelerate behavior change and/or improving organizational performance. Network interventions consist of behavior change programs that use ... More


Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement

Allen E. Buchanan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587810
eISBN:
9780191728761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587810.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book examines the ethical controversy surrounding biomedical enhancement: the use of biotechnologies to improve normal human capacities and characteristics. It deflates the heated rhetoric of ... More


Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development

Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, Keith E. Maskus, Ruth L. Okediji, and Jerome H. Reichman (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199660759
eISBN:
9780191749186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660759.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

In recent years, intellectual property rights (IPR) both in the form of patents and copyrights have expanded in their coverage, the width and depth of protection, and the tightness in their ... More


Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation*

Allen Buchanan, Tony Cole, and Robert O. Keohane

in Global Justice and Bioethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes an international regulating body for the purposes of eliminating the problem of diffusion of innovation. Patent laws, intellectual property rights, monopolies, among other ... More


The Technological Imperative: How and When New Communication Technology Becomes Politically Viable

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 3 is the second chapter dedicated to the technological imperative stage of the political communication cycle (PCC). It focuses on the technological component of political communication ... More


Political Choice: The Behavioral Role in Political Communication Change

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 4 explains the concept of political choice, the second and most important phase of the political communication cycle (PCC). The political choice phase is the process in which political actors ... More


After the Revolution

Lawrence Barham

in From Hand to Handle: The First Industrial Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199604715
eISBN:
9780191804601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines why the development and adoption of combinatorial technology was so slow after the first industrial revolution sparked by the invention of hafting. It first considers where ... More


Developing Safer Alternatives

Ken Geiser

in Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The successful shift away from chemicals of concern requires the development of new and safer alternatives. This involves the synthesis of new chemicals and chemical processes. Nanotechnology and ... More


Diffusing Human Trafficking Policy in Eurasia

Laura A. Dean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447352839
eISBN:
9781447353263
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447352839.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The issue of human trafficking is particularly important in the region between Europe and Asia due to the dramatic increase in the number of persons trafficked into and through the region since the ... More


Studying Dissemination and Implementation of Substance Use Research

Audrey L. Begun and TOM Gregoire

in Conducting Substance Use Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199892310
eISBN:
9780190206376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892310.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Integral to the translational science framework is analysis of what happens to the knowledge generated through research. There exists a burgeoning science that addresses how research-based knowledge ... More


ITA Expansion, Time, and Costs

Susan D. Franck

in Arbitration Costs: Myths and Realities in Investment Treaty Arbitration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190054434
eISBN:
9780190054465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054434.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 4 initially provides data about the growth of ITA as well as offering a series of frames against which to understand its evolution, including a sociological perspective analyzing changes in ... More


Disappearing Errors in a Conversion Model

David P. Fan

in Measurement Error in Longitudinal Data

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198859987
eISBN:
9780191892448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859987.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

The same basic differential equation model has been adapted for time-dependent conversions of members of a population among different states. The conversion model has been applied in different ... More


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