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Diffusion of Innovations

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews diffusion of innovations theory which has been the theory that has used network principles and perspectives most extensively. An introduction to the theory and a review of its ... More


Distributive Justice and the Diffusion of Innovations

Allen Buchanan

in Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587810
eISBN:
9780191728761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587810.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter continues the exploration of justice issues, focusing on the problem of inadequate diffusion—the worry that valuable biomedical enhancements may not be available or may only be available ... More


A Brief History of Social Learning Research

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a brief historical background to social learning research. The history of research into social learning and imitation dates back to Aristotle, who explicitly made the claim that ... More


Diffusion Shortfall in Free Innovation

Eric von Hippel

in Free Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035217
eISBN:
9780262335461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035217.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter identifies an important inbuilt difference between the two paradigms with respect to innovation diffusion. The difference springs from the fact that, unlike producers, free innovators do ... More


Introduction

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

in Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter introduces the idea of hot spots policing by tracing its origins to two key studies in the development of modern police strategies. In 1974, the Kansas City Preventive ... More


Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development

Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, Keith E. Maskus, Ruth L. Okediji, and Jerome H. Reichman (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199660759
eISBN:
9780191749186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660759.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

In recent years, intellectual property rights (IPR) both in the form of patents and copyrights have expanded in their coverage, the width and depth of protection, and the tightness in their ... More


Network Interventions

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how network data can be used to accelerate behavior change and/or improving organizational performance. Network interventions consist of behavior change programs that use ... More


Social Learning, Economic Inequality, and Innovation Diffusion

Anne Kandler and James Steele

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes variation in diffusion and rates of cultural change. It addresses the possible role of social-influence processes and of economic inequalities in identifying the rate of growth ... More


Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation*

Allen Buchanan, Tony Cole, and Robert O. Keohane

in Global Justice and Bioethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes an international regulating body for the purposes of eliminating the problem of diffusion of innovation. Patent laws, intellectual property rights, monopolies, among other ... More


Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement

Allen E. Buchanan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587810
eISBN:
9780191728761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587810.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book examines the ethical controversy surrounding biomedical enhancement: the use of biotechnologies to improve normal human capacities and characteristics. It deflates the heated rhetoric of ... More


The Technological Imperative: How and When New Communication Technology Becomes Politically Viable

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 3 is the second chapter dedicated to the technological imperative stage of the political communication cycle (PCC). It focuses on the technological component of political communication ... More


Political Choice: The Behavioral Role in Political Communication Change

Ben Epstein

in The Only Constant is Change: Technology, Political Communication, and Innovation Over Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190698980
eISBN:
9780190699017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 4 explains the concept of political choice, the second and most important phase of the political communication cycle (PCC). The political choice phase is the process in which political actors ... More


Studying Dissemination and Implementation of Substance Use Research

Audrey L. Begun and TOM Gregoire

in Conducting Substance Use Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199892310
eISBN:
9780190206376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892310.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Integral to the translational science framework is analysis of what happens to the knowledge generated through research. There exists a burgeoning science that addresses how research-based knowledge ... More


Developing Safer Alternatives

Ken Geiser

in Chemicals without Harm: Policies for a Sustainable World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262012522
eISBN:
9780262327015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012522.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The successful shift away from chemicals of concern requires the development of new and safer alternatives. This involves the synthesis of new chemicals and chemical processes. Nanotechnology and ... More


After the Revolution

Lawrence Barham

in From Hand to Handle: The First Industrial Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199604715
eISBN:
9780191804601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines why the development and adoption of combinatorial technology was so slow after the first industrial revolution sparked by the invention of hafting. It first considers where ... More


ITA Expansion, Time, and Costs

Susan D. Franck

in Arbitration Costs: Myths and Realities in Investment Treaty Arbitration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190054434
eISBN:
9780190054465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054434.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 4 initially provides data about the growth of ITA as well as offering a series of frames against which to understand its evolution, including a sociological perspective analyzing changes in ... More


Theoretical Perspectives Guiding the Development and Evaluation of CTC

Abigail A. Fagan, J. David Hawkins, Richard F. Catalano, and David P. Farrington

in Communities that Care: Building Community Engagement and Capacity to Prevent Youth Behavior Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190299217
eISBN:
9780190299255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190299217.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Urban and Rural Studies

Prevention science recommends that EBIs should be based on theories that describe the causes of behavioral health problems. They should also be evaluated in high-quality research studies that examine ... More


Transmission biases in the cultural evolution of language: towards an explanatory framework

N. J. Enfield

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0023
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The cultural evolution of language in historical time can only be understood in terms of an explicit causal account. This chapter proposes a framework for such an account, explicated in terms of a ... More


Moral Transformation: Sustainability and Community Ownership

Robert Paul Churchill

in Women in the Crossfire: Understanding and Ending Honor Killing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190468569
eISBN:
9780190468590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190468569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

While Chapter 8 focused on grand strategy for awareness that honor killing is incompatible with truly honorable ways of life, this chapter emphasizes specific tactics for achieving a sustainable end ... More


The Future of CTC and Community-Based Prevention*

Abigail A. Fagan, J. David Hawkins, Richard F. Catalano, and David P. Farrington

in Communities that Care: Building Community Engagement and Capacity to Prevent Youth Behavior Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190299217
eISBN:
9780190299255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190299217.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Urban and Rural Studies

Although there is growing consensus that community-based prevention efforts have great potential to reduce youth behavioral health problems, few such systems have been well evaluated and demonstrated ... More


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