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Non‐combatant Immunity and the Definition of Non‐innocence and Innocence

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter tackles the question of why soldiers, allegedly, are legitimate targets and civilians not. Four approaches to the explanation of the difference are discussed: the moral guilt theory, the ... More


The Ethics of Terrorism

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter criticizes several definitions of ‘terrorism’ and offers the following definition: Terrorism is the strategy of intimidating or impressing others than the immediate victims or targets of ... More


Tasteless

Aviad Kleinberg

in The Sensual God: How the Senses Make the Almighty Senseless

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174701
eISBN:
9780231540247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174701.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Where God's invitation to eat his flesh raises unexpected problems. What do we do with spiders and mice and where in the digestive system does the Eucharist turn back into flour and wine before ... More


Killing the Innocent in Self‐Defence

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues against the right to engage in lethal measures to defend oneself or others against innocent aggressors or innocent threats. Criticizes arguments to the contrary by Judith Jarvis Thomson and ... More


Dikaios: Rejecting Statecraft

C. Kavin Rowe

in World Upside Down: Reading Acts in the Graeco-Roman Age

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377873
eISBN:
9780199869459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377873.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In light of the findings of Chapter 2, this chapter argues that the culturally destabilizing character of the Christian mission entails the potential for outsiders to construe Christianity as ... More


Myths America Lives By: White Supremacy and the Stories That Give Us Meaning

Richard T. Hughes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042065
eISBN:
9780252050800
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042065.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The first edition of Myths America Lives By explores five Great American Myths—the Chosen Nation, Nature’s Nation, the Christian Nation, the Millennial Nation, and the Innocent Nation. This revised ... More


Split Personality: Reconciling Justice with Mercy

James L. Crenshaw

in Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The tension between justice and mercy within God gave rise to stories illustrating YHWH’s desire to let compassion prevail, although not always. Genesis 18–19 has Abraham plead with God to spare the ... More


The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Innocent was one of the youngest popes ever to be elected and was outstanding among the popes of this period. He built up the Papal State in Italy in its later form, and in his attempt to disrupt ... More


The Roman Church and the Lay Power in the Thirteenth Century

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Governments became more active, and there was more awareness of rights as vested in one single authority. They were formalized in established institutions, and two coherent jurisdictions, of church ... More


Innocent I and John Chrysostom's Honour: Alaric and the Fall of Rome

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0051
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Controversy about the excommunication of John Chrysostom affected relations between east and west, as pope Innocent I (401–17) defended John's reputation and gradually gained some support in the ... More


The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children's Culture

Gary Cross

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156669
eISBN:
9780199868254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156669.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The cute child — spunky, yet dependent, naughty but nice — is largely a 20th-century invention. This book examines how that look emerged in American popular culture and holidays and how the cute ... More


Scandal, social policy and social welfare: 2nd, Rev. Ed

Ian Butler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347466
eISBN:
9781447303312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347466.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Scandals do not just happen. They are made. They are constructed out of such everyday tragedies as the small carelessness and institutional brutality of the long-stay hospital, child abuse, or the ... More


Canon Law and the Conflict Between Emperor and Pope

GEORGE GARNETT

in Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

In his treatment of the current crisis, Marsilius shows himself to be very well-versed in the latest papal pronouncements — so well-versed that he is capable of forging a document in impeccable ... More


Security Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares a system of human rights guarantees of security with libertarian natural rights. Security rights are a solution to a collective action problem that would arise in a state of ... More


Liability and the Limits of Self‐Defense

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter distinguishes among a variety of morally different types of threatening individual — for example, those who are culpable, those who are excused, those who are partially excused, those ... More


Missing Evidence

Ronney Mourad and Dianne Guenin-Lelle

in The Prison Narratives of Jeanne Guyon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199841127
eISBN:
9780199919536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841127.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Guyon presents herself as a pawn in a public conflict—the Quietist Affair—taking place between Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet and François Fénelon about the legitimacy of mystical prayer. She insists that ... More


The Bastille

Ronney Mourad and Dianne Guenin-Lelle

in The Prison Narratives of Jeanne Guyon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199841127
eISBN:
9780199919536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841127.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Guyon describes her transition to life in the Bastille prison, where a woman who works for her guard, Monsieur du Junca, attends her and makes her life difficult. She becomes seriously ill. It is in ... More


Indissolubility

D. L. d'Avray

in Medieval Marriage: Symbolism and Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198208211
eISBN:
9780191716690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208211.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

An apparently unique feature of the later medieval Church's marriage system in a world-historical comparative perspective is that it permitted neither divorce nor polygamy. This system was rooted in ... More


The Justification of the Interdict in Medieval Thought

Peter D. Clarke

in The Interdict in the Thirteenth Century: A Question of Collective Guilt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208609
eISBN:
9780191709043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208609.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines ideas of 12th- and 13th-century writers on canon law, theology, and Roman law to understand how churchmen could justify a sanction like the interdict that seemed to punish the ... More


The Interdict in Action

Peter D. Clarke

in The Interdict in the Thirteenth Century: A Question of Collective Guilt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208609
eISBN:
9780191709043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208609.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the responses to, enforcement, and effectiveness of interdicts. It considers interdicts imposed on three towns: San Gimignano, Dax, and Béziers. It is shown that the interdicts ... More


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