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Equations Underlying the Circuit Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Circuit model simulates synaptic interactions among large numbers of neurons and includes many currents and derived values. This chapter gives the equations for the membrane potentials in ... More


The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book provides an updated theory of the nature of anxiety and the brain systems controlling anxiety, combined with a theory of hippocampal function, which was first proposed thirty years ago. ... More


Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model simulates the membrane potentials of three-compartment invertebrate neurons, comprising a soma, the neurite, and an axon. This model includes synaptic conductances to simulate ... More


Equations Underlying the Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model illustrates synaptic interactions among neurons. This chapter provides the equations for electrical coupling, for inhibitory and excitatory synaptic interactions, and for synaptic ... More


Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Roger Traub, MD and Miles Whittington, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book reviews a number of clinical neuropsychiatric conditions in which brain oscillations play an essential role. It discusses how the intrinsic properties of neurons, and the interactions ... More


Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Persistent Gamma Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Gamma oscillations can be elicited in hippocampal and neocortical slices, by carbachol and by kainate. Pyramidal neurons fire at low rates, but fast-spiking interneurons fire at near gamma rates. The ... More


The Autonomous Pathways for Floral Inhibition and Induction

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The autonomous pathways for floral inhibition and induction are central to the entire process of floral transition in Arabidopsis. The floral inhibition pathway acts throughout the plant's life to ... More


Circuit Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Circuit model simulates synaptic interactions among large numbers of neurons and includes many currents and derived values, such as cycle period, that are important for describing neuronal ... More


Implicit Control of Stereotype Activation

Gordon B. Moskowitz and Peizhong Li

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Control typically is conceived of as a set of conscious responses to an activated goal and the subsequent attempts at goal pursuit. Control includes the self-regulatory steps one initiates by ... More


Neuronal Oscillators

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

It is known since the pioneering work of Adrian in the 1931s that the completely isolated nervous system can generate impulse patterns that are correctly structured for commanding meaningful ... More


Diversity of Cortical Functions Is Provided by Inhibition

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In addition to principal cells, the cerebral cortex contains diverse classes of interneurons that selectively and discriminately innervate various parts of principal cells and each other. The ... More


Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


Inhibition

György Buzsáki, Lynn Hasher, Michael C. Anderson, Colin M. MacLeod, and Robert A. Bjork

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents five chapters on the concept of inhibition. The first chapter discusses the cortical functions that influence inhibition. The second discusses inhibition and cognition. The third ... More


Free Will and the Control of Action

Henry L Roediger, III, Michael K Goode, and Franklin M Zaromb

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empirical study of free will is directly related to the study of the control of human behavior. This chapter discusses four cognitive research paradigms, as well as their implications for the study ... More


Atypical Attention: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 8 focuses exclusively on ADHD, a complex disorder with a broad spectrum of involvement. It is also one of the most widely researched of neurodevelopmental disorders; yet pinpointing its ... More


The influence of meditation versus rest on physiological arousal: a second examination

David S. Holmes

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a review of research on somatic arousal reduction during meditation. Here the chapter takes a look at the evidence and comes to conclusions which ... More


Overview

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The core idea of a behavioural inhibition system including the septo-hippocampal system is presented here. This is linked to a strong ethological and pharmacological distinction between fear and ... More


Learning theory and anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The chapter reviews two-process theories of learning, and justifies the equation of reward with punishment omission and of punishment with reward omission. Learning is presented as a means of ... More


A theory of the behavioural inhibition system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter presents the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS) as mediating between a Fight-Flight-Freezing system (FFFS) that controls pure avoidance (of punishment or frustration), and a Behavioural ... More


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