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Tedious Calculations of Extraordinary Interest

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0031
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on scientific endeavors to calculate how much radiation the carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere absorbs and so determine the effect of changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide ... More


Solar and Earth Radiation

Fred V. Brock and Scott J. Richardson

in Meteorological Measurement Systems

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195134513
eISBN:
9780197561584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195134513.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

This chapter is concerned with the measurement of solar radiation that reaches the earth’s surface and with the measurement of earth radiation, the long wave band of radiation emitted by the earth. ... More


Destructive Criticism

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0032
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the demise of Svante Arrhenius's theory that he proposed to account for the ice ages. In the 1890s, as Arrhenius was making his onerous calculations, scientists like Samuel ... More


Global Warming? The Early Twentieth Century

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

In the first half of the twentieth century, most scientists did not believe that increased CO2 levels would result in global warming. It was thought that at current atmospheric concentrations, the ... More


A Unique Experiment of Planetary Dimensions

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0033
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses Gilbert N. Plass's experiment designed to “reappraise the carbon dioxide theory of climatic change.” One reason that Guy Stewart Callendar's 1938 paper did not inspire ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


John Tyndall, Svante Arrhenius, and Early Research on Carbon Dioxide and Climate

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

In the second half of the nineteenth century two prominent scientists, working in two distinct specialties, identified the importance of atmospheric trace constituents as efficient absorbers of ... More


Global Cooling, Global Warming: Historical Dimensions

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

I have chosen to conclude these essays just as the well-known IGY was getting started. Of course, much has changed since then. There is little to gain, however, by attempting to recount the recent ... More


Joseph Fourier’s Theory of Terrestrial Temperatures

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The concept of the greenhouse effect has yet to receive adequate historical attention. Although most writing ahout the subject is concerned with current scientific or policy issues, a small but ... More


T. C. Chamberlin and the Geological Agency of the Atmosphere

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The earth sciences may have experienced their most recent conceptual revolution in the 1970s with the acceptance of plate tectonics, but that was by no means their only major revolution. T. C. ... More


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