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Preface to a Theory of Consent Transactions in Research: Beyond Valid Consent 1

Alan Wertheimer

in Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743513
eISBN:
9780199827145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743513.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter first asks whether informed consent is a necessary condition for ethical research and then questions the dominant—autonomous authorization—model of informed consent. Rather than focus on ... More


Human Subject Protections in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Institutional review board (IRB) review is required for all federally funded research involving human subjects regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, or performed at an institution that ... More


INFORMED CONSENT AND RISK: The Intersection of Human Research and Genetics

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 5 presents an overview of ethical challenges to human research, especially the paradoxical relationship between research risks (mostly to the subject) and benefits (mostly to society and ... More


 Adequate Information, Competence, and Coercion

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses what information doctors should be morally required to give to patients, and whether it should include the new kinds of information that doctors must know. Showing that the ... More


Informed Consent in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an overview of the informed consent requirements and waivers in pediatric research under current federal regulations. These consent policies were adopted by the Food and Drug ... More


Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens

Alan Wertheimer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743513
eISBN:
9780199827145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743513.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Clinical research requires that some people be used and possibly harmed for the benefit of others. What justifies such use of people? This book provides an in-depth philosophical analysis of several ... More


The Challenge of Regulatory Legitimacy II

Roger Brownsword

in Rights, Regulation, and the Technological Revolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199276806
eISBN:
9780191707605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276806.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter begins by sketching how consent is viewed from a utilitarian, a human rights, and a dignitarian ethical perspective. Consent is then placed squarely within the rights perspective, and ... More


Consent to Medical Care: The Importance of Fiduciary Context

Steven Joffe and Robert D. Truog

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses three of the central challenges in the literature on informed consent to medical treatment. First, how does the nature of the physician-patient relationship, which establishes ... More


Humanity and Hyper-regulation: From Nuremberg to Helsinki

Onora O'Neill

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Contemporary work on research ethics often points to Nazi inhumanity and abuse of research subjects as a prelude to arguing that research on human subjects requires their fully informed consent. By ... More


Advances in Informed Consent Research

Philip J. Candilis and Charles W. Lidz

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Almost since the origins of the informed consent doctrine, physicians and researchers have been frustrated by the difficulty of attaining meaningful consents—consents that truly fulfilled the high ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


The Itinerant Researcher: Ethical and Methodological Issues in Conducting Cross-Cultural Mental Health Research

Joseph E. Trimble, María R. Scharrón-del Río, and Guillermo Bernal

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes important considerations related to ethical decision making for research on depression with women from ethnocultural populations. Using real-life examples, the authors present ... More


International Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to international research with human subjects, with a special emphasis on research in the developing world. The chapter ... More


The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Ethics for Evidence-Based Practice

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366266
eISBN:
9780199864027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366266.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines three ethical issues. First, informed consent requires capacity, information, and voluntariness. Knowledge of state laws allowing mature minors to make their own decisions is ... More


Assessing Decision-Making Capacity in the Setting of Palliative Care Research

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0016
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter begins with a discussion of why concerns about informed consent are warranted in palliative medicine research and why procedures for informed consent should be considered a key ... More


Epidemiology and Informed Consent

Jeffrey P. Kahn and Anna C. Mastroianni

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Informed consent is a central concept and practice in the protection of both patients receiving clinical care and individuals participating in research. What began as a commitment to ethical ... More


Ethics and Epidemiology

Steven S. Coughlin, Tom L. Beauchamp, and Douglas L. Weed (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the ten years since the first edition of this book was published, there have been many important ethical developments in epidemiology and related fields in public health and medicine. These ... More


Genetics and public health: informed consent beyond the clinical encounter

Nancy Press and Ellen Wright Clayton

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the barriers to adequate informed consent. It then presents examples that show how public health and genetics might come together, either in research or in ... More


Discovering informed consent: a case study on the practices of informed consent to tissue donation in Austria 1

Milena D. Bister

in Human Tissue Research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587551
eISBN:
9780191725630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587551.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents an empirical case study on informed consent procedures for medical research on leftovers from surgery in Austria. It suggests a way to understand informed consent as a ‘boundary ... More


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