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Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Catherine A. Salmon and Todd K. Shackelford (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Kinship ties — the close relationships found within the family — have been a central focus of evolutionary biological analyses of social behavior ever since biologist William Hamilton extended the ... More


Approaches to Intentionality

William Lyons

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

What is intentionality? Intentionality is a distinguishing characteristic of states of mind such as beliefs, thoughts, wishes, dreams, and desires, which are about things outside themselves. This ... More


Representing Direction in Language and Space

Emile van der Zee and Jon Slack (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260195
eISBN:
9780191717345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260195.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book considers how it is possible for people to use directions like above the table or over the city. How does our brain or any other information processing system represent a direction as a ... More


How Individual Differences Affect Executive Action

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter introduces and elaborates on the central idea that executives differ in what they personally bring to their decision-making situations and therefore differ in what they decide and how ... More


The Complexity of Information and Assimilation: Knowledge and Ignorance

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter lays the foundations for a historical-contextual decision making that aims beyond tactics and information toward understanding and sensemaking. It does so by looking closely at ... More


Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The counter-intuitive aspects of quantum physics have been illustrated for some time by thought experiments, from Einstein's photon box to Schrödinger's cat. These experiments have now become real, ... More


Displacing Democracy: Market Accountability and the Consumer-Citizen

Craig T. Borowiak

in Accountability and Democracy: The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778256
eISBN:
9780199919086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778256.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter critically examines the prospect that competitive markets might serve as an alternative to democratic accountability. It identifies ways that market globalization has undermined ... More


The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Martin Campbell-Kelly, Mary Croarken, Raymond Flood, and Eleanor Robson (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The oldest known mathematical table was found in the ancient Sumerian city of Shuruppag in southern Iraq. Since then, tables have been an important feature of mathematical activity; table making and ... More


Deafness, Numerical Cognition, and Mathematics

Rebecca Bull

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines recent findings about the development of numerical cognition in hearing individuals to understand the observed lag in arithmetical and mathematical performance of deaf children ... More


Introduction

Eric F. Clarke

in Ways of Listening: An Ecological Approach to the Perception of Musical Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151947
eISBN:
9780199870400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151947.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This introductory chapter sets out the basic framework for the book, imagining the ways in which a person might perceive and interpret the meaning of some sounds recorded onto an unlabelled CD. It ... More


Dynamic Decision Theory and Probabilistic Information Processing

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews ideas and work done or in progress which seem to indicate where basic research on human decision processes is going. These ideas have two closely related foci: dynamic decision ... More


Meditation: contemporary theoretical approaches *

Michael M. Delmonte

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the views of the other hemisphere by describing and discussing the various theoretical approaches which have been taken by Western psychologists ... More


The phenomenology of meditation

Ronald J. Pekala

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the first overview of research on the phenomenology of meditation, critically analysing the studies conducted to date. Generally, they are found ... More


The Neuropsychology of Vision

Manfred Fahle and Mark Greenlee (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book describes a range of new approaches to neuropsychological investigation and provides a broad overview of visual neuropsychology. It starts by presenting the results from new research ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


Mental chronometry and the study of human information processing

Michael G. H. Coles, Henderikus G. O. M. Smid, Marten K. Scheffers, and Leun J. Otten

in Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the use of event-related potentials (ERPs) in the study of human information processing. Topics discussed include mental chronometry, chronopsychophysiology, the locus of ... More


New measures in performance management

Thomas Ahrens and Christopher S. Chapman

in Contemporary Issues in Management Accounting

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283361
eISBN:
9780191712623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283361.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses various aspects of the relationship between measurement and day-to-day activity. It emphasizes the potential contribution of academic knowledge to performance management ... More


Toward a Continuity Psychology

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter outlines the goals of the book: to bring together dynamical systems theory, cognitive and computational neuroscience, connectionism, and ecological psychology to provide an understanding ... More


Introduction: modeling memory and attention

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This historical chapter examines the fundamental relation between memory and attention. Information that is temporarily in or near conscious awareness is in the focus of attention, so attention and ... More


Attentional filtering and orienting

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Donald Broadbent's 1958 information processing model included an attention filter allowing only one channel of information to be processed, with the rest filtered out. In contrast to this “early ... More


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