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Person Bins—Assembling Information According to Specific Persons: Information Storage

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The theme of this chapter deals with the ways in which each member of a person’s reputational network gathers and cumulates impressions, beliefs, and evaluations about that specifically identifiable ... More


Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Kenneth H. Craik

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The network interpretation of reputation advanced in this book depicts the everyday flow and storage of information about a person throughout the extensive lifelong network of all of those other ... More


Biochemical consequences of imprinting

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines biological aspects of imprinting. Several forms of learning involve a response to or the association of a response with a particular experience. In such ‘incremental’ forms of ... More


Physiological constraints on memory and imprinting

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence that activity in the sensory pathways is insufficient for information storage. The roles of noradrenaline and testosterone in imprinting processes are analyzed. The ... More


Tables and tabular formatting in Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, 2500 bce–50 ce

Eleanor Robson

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the invention and evolution of the numerical table as an information storage device. This was not a one-off event, with clearly traceable consequences across an ever-widening ... More


Brain lesions, acquisition, and retention

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigated whether the ‘intermediate and medial part of hyperstriatum ventrale’ (IMHV) is necessary for imprinting. The IMHV of chicks were lesioned and exposed to an imprinting ... More


Real effects of learning?

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The finding in Chapter 2 that biochemical changes are associated with imprinting supports the view that learning involves changes in neural connectivity. However, biochemical changes may be caused by ... More


Neuromodulation and memory function

Michael E. Hasselmo and Christiane Linster

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuromodulation plays an important role in a variety of memory processes. Several modulators appear to regulate the storage of new information in cortical networks. This raises the fundamental ... More


The neuroanatomy of memory

Hans J. Markowitsch

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The neuroanatomical correlates for memory encoding, consolidation, storage, and retrieval. For content-based memory, this chapter proposes that ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Associative Memory:: Role of Long-Term Potentiation

Serge Laroche, Valérie Doyére, Catherine Rédini-Del Negro, and François Burette

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers different angles of attack that have been pursued in testing the long-term potentiation (LTP) hypothesis in the context of associative learning and memory. Several ... More


Hippocampal synaptic plasticity and NMDA receptors: a role in information storage?

R. G. M. MORRIS, S. DAVIS, and S. P. BUTCHER

in Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

One way of investigating the functional significance of long-term potentiation (LTP) is to use selective antagonists of those excitatory amino acid receptors whose activation is essential for its ... More


Hippocampal Synaptic Enhancement as a Basis for Learning and Memory:: A Selected Review of Current Evidence from Behaving Animals

C. A. Barnes, C. A. Erickson, S. Davis, and B. L. McNaughton

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Since the discovery of long-term synaptic enhancement and long-term potentiation (LTE/LTP), a substantial body of empirical support has accumulated for the theory that LTP of hippocampal synapses ... More


Visual processing in the primate parietal lobe

A. David Milner and H. Chris Dijkerman

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The evidence for the coding of visual location in multiple ways within the dorsal stream, for different motor purposes, is becoming increasingly clear. But all of these forms of spatial coding, of ... More


To Prepare

Vilém Flusser

in Into the Universe of Technical Images

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816670208
eISBN:
9781452947235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816670208.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses telematics as a technology that permits all fabricated information to be stored in permanent memory. In telematic dialogues, human and artificial memories exchange information ... More


Speech, Writing, and Text

in Parchment Paper Pixels: Law and the Technologies of Communication

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226803067
eISBN:
9780226803074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226803074.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter first considers the nature of writing, the first and by far the most important technology for storing and communicating information. In particular, it examines the features of writing ... More


Contracts

in Parchment Paper Pixels: Law and the Technologies of Communication

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226803067
eISBN:
9780226803074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226803074.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter, which discusses contracts, begins by reviewing the origins and current state of contract law, especially with respect to the use of writing and other technologies for storing and ... More


Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Kannan M. Krishnan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199570447
eISBN:
9780191813504
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570447.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides a comprehensive discussion of magnetism, magnetic materials, and related applications. The logical train of thought progresses, in four parts, from physics of magnetism (§1–5), ... More


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