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Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees: Heuristics in Group Decision Making

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0096
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter applies the concept of ecological rationality to the context of groups and teams. A summary of agent-based computer simulations is provided in which groups integrated member opinions on ... More


Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Alon Peled

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Information sharing failures in the public sector present a critical challenge to the modern information state that costs lives and billions of dollars annually. The book presents a thorough ... More


Intelligence Gathering and Information Sharing

Natalie Klein

in Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199566532
eISBN:
9780191725197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566532.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins with an overview of the policy of Maritime Domain Awareness as applied in different states. From this basis, legal rules relating to intelligence gathering in different maritime ... More


Coerce, Consent, and Coax: Existing Information Sharing Approaches

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter examines the three key approaches to improve public sector information sharing that dominate both literature and legislation: coerce, consent, and coax. A case study of the ... More


Institutional Trust Failures: Insights and Lessons from the 9/11 Intelligence Failures

Roderick M. Kramer

in Restoring Trust in Organizations and Leaders: Enduring Challenges and Emerging Answers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199756087
eISBN:
9780199949571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756087.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

Over the past few years, nations around the world have reeled from a series of catastrophic failures of institutional trustworthiness. As a consequence of these failures, public confidence and trust ... More


Simple Heuristics and Information Sharing in Groups

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In today's world of business and politics, collaboration is a common and valued practice. A group's potential to outperform individual decision makers is especially apparent if the knowledge of the ... More


Working together? Sharing personal information in health and social care services

Val Baker

in Private and confidential?: Handling personal information in the social and health services

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349064
eISBN:
9781447303077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349064.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter offers a window onto the fast-changing world of interagency information sharing in the ‘Joint Future’ of health and social services. Government has taken up the challenge to raise ... More


The Information Sharing Crisis that Does Not Go Away

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter illustrates the severity of public sector information sharing failures with five tragic events where information sharing failure was decisive: the Challenger Space Shuttle explosion; the ... More


The Public Sector Information Exchange (PSIE)

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter explains the concept of a Public Sector Information Exchange (PSIE). It then presents a detailed case study of a supply-chain PSIE model: the Australian CrimTrac program that was ... More


Grounding Information in Route Explanation Dialogues

Philippe Muller and Laurent Prévot

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates several factors influencing the grounding of information in a corpus of direction-giving dialogues. Various types of feedback are observed, involving different lexical cues, ... More


How Data Trade Opens Agencies’ Closed Doors

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter acknowledges that information assets are a precious resource for government agencies and maps existing data trade patterns in the US public sector. US agencies trade in three types of ... More


Confidentiality and information sharing in child protection

Janice McGhee

in Private and confidential?: Handling personal information in the social and health services

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349064
eISBN:
9781447303077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349064.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter draws on a range of policy and legal developments and research to discuss issues of communication and information sharing in child welfare and protection. The research includes a survey ... More


Working with children and young people: privacy and identity

Peter Ashe

in Private and confidential?: Handling personal information in the social and health services

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349064
eISBN:
9781447303077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349064.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter explores conceptual frameworks for sharing information in the world of children's services. It first sketches the longstanding policy emphasis on person- or child-centred services and ... More


“The salt in a merchant’s letter”: Business Correspondence and the Courier System

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the glue that held the Julfan settlements and the trade network together. It considers the circulation of what was arguably the most important commodity throughout the Julfan ... More


Joining up Children’s Services and Health

Ian Mcloughlin, Rob Wilson, and Mike Martin

in Digital Government at Work: A Social Informatics Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199557721
eISBN:
9780191761232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557721.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

The idea of ‘joined-up’ services enabled through better sharing of information and new forms of multi-agency working is at the heart of attempts to transform service delivery through digital means. ... More


Credit Puzzles

Akos Rona-Tas and Alya Guseva

in Plastic Money: Constructing Markets for Credit Cards in Eight Postcommunist Countries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804768573
eISBN:
9780804789592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768573.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter continues the discussion in the previous chapter focusing on the puzzles related to the consumer loan side of the credit card--information asymmetry, information sharing and market ... More


Rethinking Privacy

Paul Dourish and Genevieve Bell

in Divining a Digital Future: Mess and Mythology in Ubiquitous Computing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015554
eISBN:
9780262295345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015554.003.0069
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter recontextualizes the discussions of privacy in, and of, information systems by using the related concepts of secrets and lies to examine how people interpret, value, and understand flows ... More


Credit Reporting

Thomas A. Durkin, Gregory Elliehausen, Michael E. Staten, and Todd J. Zywicki

in Consumer Credit and the American Economy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780195169928
eISBN:
9780199384976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169928.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Desire to improve lending information and reduce risk costs has given rise to credit reporting agencies, colloquially known as credit bureaus. Borrowers have an incentive to disguise their relative ... More


Working with adults with incapacity

Susan Hunter and Lisa Curtice

in Private and confidential?: Handling personal information in the social and health services

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349064
eISBN:
9781447303077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349064.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter considers the issues affecting the ownership and use of personal data about people with learning disabilities, which highlight the contradictory imperatives in policies that seek to ... More


Coming together to combat food crime: Regulatory networks in the EU

Richard Hyde and Ashley Savage

in A Handbook of Food Crime: Immoral and Illegal Practices in the Food Industry and What to Do About Them

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447336013
eISBN:
9781447336051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336013.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

A joined up response is necessary to respond to the challenges of food crime. With the increasingly globalised food system, sharing of information between different regulatory and law enforcement ... More


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