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HOW WE COME TO KNOW: UNDERSTANDING INFORMATION-SEEKING BEHAVIOR

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter surveys the research in information seeking behavior, defined as the patterns of behavior that people display when they experience information needs, make choices about where and how to ... More


Efficient Cognition Through Limited Search

Gerd Gigerenzer, Anja Dieckmann, and Wolfgang Gaissmaier

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0075
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

In psychology, there has been a puzzling preference for theories that ignore search and stopping. In judgment and decision-making research, for instance, many approaches, including expected utility ... More


Sources of Information for Change and Innovation

Stuart Macdonald

in Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter explains where information is gathered, and how it affects change and innovation. It starts by providing examples on how the Japanese adapted to technology change by using methods that ... More


Why Rare Things Are Precious: How Rarity Benefits Inference

Craig R. M. McKenzie and Valerie M. Chase

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0089
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter reviews evidence showing that people are remarkably sensitive to the rarity of events when making inferences about them. Indeed, people are so attuned to event rarity that their implicit ... More


The “Less-Is-More” Effect in Group Decision Making

Shenghua Luan, Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, and Torsten Reimer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

If each member of a group makes less accurate decisions than those of another group, can the former actually make more accurate decisions collectively than the latter? Through four simulation ... More


Answering the Unaskable

Elad Yom-Tov

in Crowdsourced Health: How What You Do on the Internet Will Improve Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034500
eISBN:
9780262334808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034500.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Most Internet users have sought medical information online. This chapter investigates where people search for such information, the types of information they search for, and whether they find what ... More


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